1 Human Development Index and its components

83,2. 11,5. 15,1. 34 692. 12 Korea (Republic of)g. 0,877. 79,8. 11,6. 16,8 ... 8 273. 89 China. 0,663. 73,5. 7,5. 11,4. 7 258. ,,,/,,,. 125 Pakistan. 0,490. 67,2. 4,9. 6,8.
21KB taille 2 téléchargements 158 vues
1 Human Development Index and its components Human Development Index (HDI)a HDI rank VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 1 Norway 2 Australia 3 New Zealand 4 United States 5 Ireland 6 Liechtenstein 7 Netherlands 8 Canada 9 Sweden 10 Germany 11 Japan g 12 Korea (Republic of) 13 Switzerland 14 France 15 Israel 16 Finland 17 Iceland 18 Belgium 19 Denmark 20 Spain 21 Hong Kong, China (SAR) 22 Greece 23 Italy 24 Luxembourg 25 Austria 26 United Kingdom 27 Singapore 28 Czech Republic 29 Slovenia ,,,/,,, 41 Poland 42 Barbados HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 43 Bahamas 44 Lithuania 45 Chile 46 Argentina ,,,/,,, 81 Tunisia 82 Jordan 83 Turkey 84 Algeria 85 Tonga MEDIUM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 86 Fiji 87 Turkmenistan 88 Dominican Republic 89 China ,,,/,,, 125 Pakistan 126 Congo 127 Sao Tome and Principe LOW HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 128 Kenya 129 Bangladesh 130 Ghana 131 Cameroon ,,,/,,, 162 Liberia 163 Chad 164 Guinea-Bissau 165 Mozambique 166 Burundi 167 Niger 168 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 169 Zimbabwe

value 2010

Life expectancy Mean years of Expected years at birth schooling of schooling (years) 2010

(years) 2010

(years) 2010b

Gross national income (GNI) per capita (PPP US$ 2008) 2010

0,938 0,937 0,907 0,902 0,895 0,891 0,890 0,888 0,885 0,885 0,884 0,877 0,874 0,872 0,872 0,871 0,869 0,867 0,866 0,863 0,862 0,855 0,854 0,852 0,851 0,849 0,846 0,841 0,828

81,0 81,9 80,6 79,6 80,3 79,6 80,3 81,0 81,3 80,2 83,2 79,8 82,2 81,6 81,2 80,1 82,1 80,3 78,7 81,3 82,5 79,7 81,4 79,9 80,4 79,8 80,7 76,9 78,8

12,6 12,0 12,5 12,4 11,6 10,3 11,2 11,5 11,6 12,2 11,5 11,6 10,3 10,4 11,9 10,3 10,4 10,6 10,3 10,4 10,0 10,5 9,7 10,1 9,8 9,5 8,8 12,3 9,0

17,3 20,5 19,7 15,7 17,9 14,8 16,7 16,0 15,6 15,6 15,1 16,8 15,5 16,1 15,6 17,1 18,2 15,9 16,9 16,4 13,8 16,5 16,3 13,3 15,0 15,9 14,4 15,2 16,7

58 810 38 692 25 438 47 094 33 078 81 011 40 658 38 668 36 936 35 308 34 692 29 518 39 849 34 341 27 831 33 872 22 917 34 873 36 404 29 661 45 090 27 580 29 619 51 109 37 056 35 087 48 893 22 678 25 857

0,795 0,788

76,0 77,7

10,0 9,3

15,2 13,4

17 803 21 673

0,784 0,783 0,783 0,775

74,4 72,1 78,8 75,7

11,1 10,9 9,7 9,3

11,6 16,0 14,5 15,5

25 201 14 824 13 561 14 603

0,683 0,681 0,679 0,677 0,677

74,3 73,1 72,2 72,9 72,1

6,5 8,6 6,5 7,2 10,4

14,5 13,1 11,8 12,8 13,7

7 979 5 956 13 359 8 320 4 038

0,669 0,669 0,663 0,663

69,2 65,3 72,8 73,5

11,0 9,9 6,9 7,5

13,0 13,0 11,9 11,4

4 315 7 052 8 273 7 258

0,490 0,489

67,2 53,9

4,9 5,9

6,8 9,3

2 678 3 258

0,488

66,1

4,2

10,2

1 918

0,470 0,469 0,467 0,460

55,6 66,9 57,1 51,7

7,0 4,8 7,1 5,9

9,6 8,1 9,7 9,8

1 628 1 587 1 385 2 197

0,300 0,295 0,289 0,284 0,282 0,261 0,239 0,140

59,1 49,2 48,6 48,4 51,4 52,5 48,0 47,0

3,9 1,5 2,3 1,2 2,7 1,4 3,8 7,2

11,0 6,0 9,1 8,2 9,6 4,3 7,8 9,2

320 1 067 538 854 402 675 291 176

Developed OECD Non-OECD Developing Arab States East Asia and the Pacific Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa

0,879 0,844

80,3 80,0

11,4 10,0

15,9 13,9

37 077 42 370

0,588 0,643 0,702 0,704 0,516 0,389

69,1 72,6 69,5 74,0 65,1 52,7

5,7 7,2 9,2 7,9 4,6 4,5

10,8 11,5 13,6 13,7 10,0 9,0

7 861 6 403 11 462 10 642 3 417 2 050

Very high human development High human development Medium human development Low human development

0,878 0,717 0,592 0,393

80,3 72,6 69,3 56,0

11,3 8,3 6,3 4,1

15,9 13,8 11,0 8,2

37 225 12 286 5 134 1 490

Least developed countries

0,386

57,7

3,7

8,0

1 393

World

0,624

69,3

7,4

12,3

10 631

Notes a. Refer to Technical Note 1 for details on how the HDI is calculated. b. Refers to an earlier year than that specified. c. To calculate the HDI, unpublished estimates from UNDESA (2009d) were used. The data are not published because the population is below 100, 000. d. Assumes the same adult mean years of schooling as Switzerland. e. Based on the growth rate of GDP per capita in PPP US$ for Switzerland from IMF (2010a). f. Based on data on GDP from the United Nations Statistics Divison's [National Accounts: Main Aggregates Database] data on population from UNDESA (2009d) and the PPP exchange rate for Switzerland from World Bank (2010g). g. In keeping with common usage, the Republic of Korea is referred to as South Korea in the body of this Report. h. Based on cross-country regression. i. Assumes the same adult mean years of schooling as Spain. j. Based on the growth rate of GDP per capita in PPP US$ for Spain from IMF (2010a). k. Based on data on GDP from the United Nations Statistics Divison's [National Accounts: Main Aggregates Database] data on population from UNDESA (2009d) and the PPP exchange rate for Spain from World Bank (2010g). l. 2007 prices. m. Based on the ratio of GNI in US$ to GDP in US$ from World Bank (2010g). n. UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2009). o. Based on data on years of schooling of adults from household survey in the World Bank's International Income Distribution Database. p. Based on implied PPP conversion factors from IMF(2010a), data on GDP per capita in local currency unit and the ratio between GNI and GDP in US$ from World Bank (2010c). q. Based on data from United Nations Children's Fund Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys. r. Refers to primary and secondary education only from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2010a). s. Based on the growth rate of GDP per capita in PPP US$ for Fiji from IMF (2010a). t. Based on data from U.S. Agency for International Development Demographic and Health Surveys. Sources Column 1: Calculated based on data from UNDESA (2009d), Barro and Lee (2010), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2010a), World Bank (2010g) and IMF(2010a). Column 2: UNDESA (2009d). Column 3: Barro and Lee(2010). Column 4: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2010a). Column 5: Expressed in 2008 prices, based on data on GNI per capita and GDP per capita in PPP US$ (current and constant prices) from World Bank (2010g) and implied growth rates of GDP per capita from IMF (2010a). Column 6: Calculated based on GNI per capita rank and HDI rank. Column 7: Calculated based on data in columns 2-4.