450

Ethylene, chlorinated. Cl contents =40-50 wt.%. 816. Hemicellulose. Lignin .... vinylphenol. 905. Vinyl methyl ether. -. 1145. Cellulose acetate. 4-VinyIpyridine.
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Previous Page TABLE 1. cont'd Polymer I of

Polymer II of

Method

Monoalkyl itaconate

Single T g ; FTIR

Vinyl acetate-co-vinyl alcohol

Single Tg; FTIR

Vinyl butyral

SALS

2-Vinylpyridine

Aramide

Single Tg\ FTIR

4-Vinylpyridine

Methylocellulose Sulfone, carboxylated

Single 7 g ; NMR Single Tg; transparency

p-Phenylene terephthalamide 2,6-Xylenyl methacrylate

Transparency; microscopy Single Tg

2,3-Xylenyl methacrylate

Comments

Refs.

I was 2- or 4-vinylpyridine; II had an 939,1014, alkyl group or methyl or ethyl 1212 (4 miscible systems); formed complexes I was 2- or 4-vinylpyridine (2 miscible 934,935,991 systems); II had 29-88 mol% vinyl alcohol I was 2- or 4-vinylpyridine (2 miscible 1003 systems) II was made from hexamethylene767 diamine and a mixture of terephthaloyl and isophthaloy] dichlorides 559 II had degree of carboxylation 256 0.43-1.93 ~ 329 1158

TABLE 2, POLYMER PAIRS CONTAINING ONE MONOMER IN COMMON, MISCIBLE IN THE AMORPHOUS STATE AT ROOM TEMPERATURE

Polymer I of

Polymer II of

Method

Acrylic acid-co-styrene

Methyl methacrylate-co-styrene

Single Tg

Acrylonitrile-co-butadiene

Acrylonitrile-co-butadiene Acrylonitrile-co-styrene Acrylonitrile-co-vinylidene chloride

Single T 8 ; clear films; electron microscopy Single ^ g Single T g

Acrylonitrile-co-styrene

Single T%

Maleic anhydride-co-styrene

Single Tg

Acrylonitrile-co-Af-phenylitaconimide

Single Tg

Itaconic anhydride-co-methyl methacrylate Methyl methacrylate-coN-phenylitaconimide Methyl methacrylate

Single Tg

Styrene-co-maleic anhydride~co-acrylonitrile

Acrylonitrile-co-methyl methacrylate

Acrylonitrile-co-methyl methacrylate-coa-methylstyrene Acrylonitrile-co-methyl methacrylate-co-styrene Acrylonitrile-co-a-methylstyrene

Acrylonitrile-co-a-methylstyreneco-styrene Acrylonitrile-co-styrene

Comments

-

Refs.

Miscibility depended on compositions 72 of I and II Difference in composition between 19,47,101,106, I and II < 2 2 % acrylonitnle 149,390,452 162 I had 23.6-49.6 vol% AN; II had 19 966 wt.% AN Miscibility depended on compositions 965 of I and II Miscibility depended on compositions 965 of I and II 168 Miscibility depended on compositions of I and II -

920

Single TB

I had 20/20/60 = aerylonitrile/methyl methacrylate/a-methylstyrene

633

Acrylonitrile-co-styrene

Light scattering

-

358

Methyl methacrylate Acrylonitrile-co-methyl methacrylate Acrylonitrile-co-styrene

Light scattering Single Tg Single Tg

-

358

Acrylonitrile-co-a-methyl styrene-co-styrene Acrylic acid-co-styrene Acrylonitrile-co-benzyl methacrylate Acrylonitrile-co-fumaronitrileco-styrene Acrylonitrile-co-methyl methacrylate Acrylonitrile-co-Af-phenylitaconimide Acrylonitrile-co-styrene

Clear films

p-(2-Hydroxy-hexafluoroisopropyl)styrene-co-styrene Maleic anhydride-co-styrene

Single Tz

Single Tg Single Tg Single Tg Single T% Single Tg Single Tg; no visible phase separation Single Tg; clear film Single Tg

168

152

I had 32.3 wt.% acrylonitrile; II had 27 wt.% acrylonitrile Difference in composition between I and II < 12% acrylonitrile I had 32-40 wt.% AN; II had 11-17 wt.% fumaronitrile Difference in composition between I and II 20% I had 25% styrene; II had M w < 917; 138,139 < 50% II; two loss peaks when 75% II Difference in composition between I 453 and II 25% butyl aery late; immiscible when composition difference 50% butyl acrylate I had 6 or 48 mol% electron donating 723 carbozoyl groups; II had 10 or 63 mol% electron withdrawing dinitrobenzoyl groups Difference in composition between I 453 and II 25% ethyl acrylate; immiscible when composition difference 50% ethyl acrylate I had 75% ethyl acrylate; immiscible 453 when I had < 50% ethyl acrylate Difference in composition between I 447,448 and II < 10% methyl methacrylate II had > 90 wt.% K-butyl methacrylate 238 76

n-Butyl methacrylate-co-styrene Caprolactam-co-caprolactone Caprolactam-co-caprolactone-coIaurolactam 2,6-Dimethyl-l,4-phenylene ether, sulfonylated

;?-Butyl methacrylate-co-styrene Styrene Caprolactone-co-laurolactam Caprolactam-co-laurolactam

Single Single Single Single

2,6-Dimethyl-l,4-phenylene ether, sulfonylated

Single Tg

Dimethylsiloxane, functionalized

Dimethylsiloxane, functionalized

Single T1

3-Bromo-2,6-dimethyl1,4-phenylene ether 3-Bromo-2,6-dimethyl1,4-phenylene ether-co2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether p-Bromostyrene-co-styrene Butadiene

Butadiene-c0-styrene

Single Tg Single Tg Single Tg; microscopy

Refs.

films

films

Single T g ; clear films Single T g ; microscopy Single Tg

Clear

II had > 48 mol% 3-bromo2,6-dimethyl-l,4-phenylene oxide

I had 9 mol% carbazoyl groups; II had 9 mol% dinitrobenzoyl groups films

T g ; microscopy T g ; clear films Tg Tg

Difference in composition between I and II < 20-30% butyl methacrylate, depending on compositions of I and II I had > 90 wt.% styrene I and II had various compositions I and II had various compositions Difference in degree of sulfonylation between I and II in the range of 20-26 wt.% I had 4-15 mol% electron-donating carbazoyl or /V-methylaniline groups; II had 4-15 mol% electron-accepting

164 25,26 402

402

723

76,447

76 239 1126 992 410

723

References page VI-461

TABLE 2. cont'd Polymer I of

Polymer II of

Method

Comments

Refs.

Vinyl chloride Ethylene naphthalene2,6-dicarboxylate-co4-hydroxybenzoate Ethyl methacrylate-co-methyl Ethyl methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate methacrylate o-Fluorostyrene-co-p-fluorostyrene o-Fluorostyrene-co-p-fluorostyrene

Single Tg NMR

dinitrobenzoyl groups; donor/ acceptor = 1 /1 I was Hydrin 100; II was Hydrin 200 I and II had 25, 50 or 75% ethyl acrylate I had 75 wt.% ethyl methacrylate; immiscible when I had < 50 wt.% ethyl methacrylate Difference in composition between I and II < 20-27% ethyl acrylate depending on compositions of I and II Difference in composition between I and II < 1.2-13.3 wt.% Cl depending on compositions of I and II SemicrystalUne when I had 25 wt.% Cl; I had 25 or 48 wt.% Cl I had 35.4-52.6 wt.% Cl; II had 50-60 wt.% ethylene 1:11 = 50:50 I and II had 7-100 wt.% vinyl acetate I had 21 mol% vinyl acetate; II had 21 mol% vinyl alcohol Difference in vinyl chloride or ethylene content of I and II < 15 mol% I had > 80 mol% vinyl chloride II had 20 mol% 4-hydroxybenzoate

Single Tg

-

Single Tg

o-Fluorostyrene-co-styrene

o-Fluorostyrene-co-styrene

Single Tg

Styrene

Single Tg

p-Fluorostyrene-co-styrene

Styrene

Single Tg

Hydrocarbon polymer, chlorinated

Hydrocarbon polymer, chlorinated

Clear

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid-co6-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acidco-terephthalic acid-cohydroquinone Hydroxybutyrate

p-Hydroxy ben zoic acid-co6-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid

Single T g ; X-ray diffraction

I and II had 10 and 23 mol% 1144 p-fluorostyrene, respectively I had 18 or 49% o-fluorostyrene; II had 716,1144 40 or 77% o-fluorostyrene I had 18, 40 or 49% o-fluorostyrene 716,1144 and II had Mn = 15 kg/mol I had 18% o-fluorostyrene and II had Mn = 110 kg/mol I had 8 or 16 mol% p-fluorostyrene; II 1144 had Mn = 4 0 or 326 kg/mol One series derived from reduction of 75 polyvinyl chloride and one series derived from chlorination of polyethylene X-ray diffraction showed no significant 92 transesterification occurred in the mixture

Isoprene

Hydroxybutyrate Hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate Isoprene-styrene block copolymer

Microscopy; SAXS Microscopy; melting behavior Electron microscopy

Maleic anhydride-co-styrene

Acrylonitrile-co-styrene

Single T g , transparency, microscopy

Maleic anhydride-co-styrene

Single Tg

Methyl methacrylate-co-styrene

Single Tg

Styrene-co-2-vinylpyridine

Single Tg\ FTIR

Epichlorohydrin Ethyl acrylate-co-ethyl methacrylate

Epichlorohydrin-co-ethylene glycol Ethyl acrylate-co-ethyl methacrylate

Single Tg Clear

films

Ethyl methacrylate

Clear

films

Ethyl acrylate-co-methyl methacrylate

Ethyl acrylate-co-methyl methacrylate Clear

films

Ethylene, chlorinated

Ethylene, chlorinated

Single Tg; clear

Ethylene-co-methyl acrylate Ethylene-co-vinyl acetate

Single Tg; phase contrast microscopy Single 7V, microscopy

Ethylene, low density Ethylene-co-vinyl acetate Ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol

Single Tg Single 7 g ; microscopy Single Tg\ FTlR

Vinyl acetate-co-vinyl chloride Ethylene-co-vinyl chloride

Single Tg Single Tg

Ethylene-co-vinyl acetate

Ethylene-co-vinyl chloride

Ethylene naphthalene2,6-dicarboxylate

Maleimide-co-styrene

films

films

373 453 453

447

97,98, 636,817 396 849 1172 925 960 745,746 70,71 70 1027

98

I was isotactic; II was atactic 903 II had 3.8-22.3 mol% hydroxyvalerate 1142,1143 I had Mn = 6.5-53.9 kg/mol; II was diblock, 378 triblock or four-arm star copolymer having total Mn = 26-622 kg/mol I had 15.3 wt.% maleic anhydride; II 436,555 had 15.0, 19.5 or 25.0 wt.% acrylonitrile Miscibility occurred when difference in 1159 MA contents between I and II was