advanced unit 1 (b1)

Key grammar explanations [2 grammar point(s)]. 1 ..... found there more often than in his office. ...... I'd like to test-drive one. 9 ..... Although answering the telephone all day can prove very tiresome, ...... How do you spell your name, please, sir?
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Total duration: 11:57:57

ADVANCED UNIT 1 (B1)

Activity group(s): 6 Number of exercises: 781

Giving your Opinion (20 activity (ies) 02:00:50) Keywords [13 word(s)] advice change concept to consider (v.) to contact (v.) to feel (v.) idea to include (v.) to increase (v.) opinion possibility workload worried

Dialogue: Explore [1 exercises] 1

Excuse me, Bob. Could I speak to you for a minute? Of course, Wendy. Yes, what can I do for you, Wendy? Sure, how can I help you?

2

2 2 2

How do you feel about the new project? 3 3 3

It is a super idea. I think we should make some changes. This new project is an exciting concept.

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3

Should we increase the budget? 4 4

I think we should increase the budget. Maybe we should increase the budget to two hundred thousand dollars. Yes, we ought to double the budget.

4

4

I'm worried about the workload. 5 5 5

Yes, it is a heavy workload. I agree, it's a heavy workload. There is a lot of work to do before the launch.

5

Should we include a case with the camera? 6 6 6

We should consider a camera case, I think. Yes, we ought to think about that option. I'll give that some thought.

6

We could also include a tripod. 7 7 7

I think I prefer the case idea. That's another possibility. A tripod is a good idea, too.

7

Could you design the case for me? 8 8 8

Great! I love designing things. I enjoy creating new things. Yes, I like to design new things.

8

Should we ask Product Development to help? 9 9 9

I prefer working alone. No, I prefer working alone. Maybe we ought to ask Product Development to help.

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9

We ought to contact our German partners for advice. 10 10 10

I'll contact them right away. We should contact them immediately. Yes, we ought to contact them as soon as possible.

10

Great! Thanks for your opinion, Bob. I'm always happy to give my opinion. Glad I could help, Wendy. Don't mention it, Wendy.

Word Pronunciation [13 word(s)] advice change concept to consider to contact to feel idea to include to increase opinion possibility workload worried

Sentence Pronunciation [30 sentence(s)] Of course, Wendy. Yes, what can I do for you, Wendy? Sure, how can I help you? It is a super idea. I think we should make some changes. This new project is an exciting concept. I think we should increase the budget. Maybe we should increase the budget to two hundred thousand dollars. Yes, we ought to double the budget. Yes, it is a heavy workload. I agree, it's a heavy workload. There is a lot of work to do before the launch. We should consider a camera case, I think. Yes, we ought to think about that option. I'll give that some thought. I think I prefer the case idea. That's another possibility. A tripod is a good idea, too. Great! I love designing things. I enjoy creating new things. Yes, I like to design new things. I prefer working alone.

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No, I prefer working alone. Maybe we ought to ask Product Development to help. I'll contact them right away. We should contact them immediately. Yes, we ought to contact them as soon as possible. I'm always happy to give my opinion. Glad I could help, Wendy. Don't mention it, Wendy.

Picture/Word Association with speech recognition [2 exercises] 1 a tripod a case a workload a budget an opinion

2 a camera case a tripod a budget a workload an opinion

Dialogue: Expression [1 exercises] 1

Excuse me, Bob. Could I speak to you for a minute? 2 2 2

Of course, Wendy. Yes, what can I do for you, Wendy? Sure, how can I help you?

2

How do you feel about the new project? 3 3 3

It is a super idea. I think we should make some changes. This new project is an exciting concept.

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3

Should we increase the budget? 4 4

I think we should increase the budget. Maybe we should increase the budget to two hundred thousand dollars. Yes, we ought to double the budget.

4

4

I'm worried about the workload. 5 5 5

Yes, it is a heavy workload. I agree, it's a heavy workload. There is a lot of work to do before the launch.

5

Should we include a case with the camera? 6 6 6

We should consider a camera case, I think. Yes, we ought to think about that option. I'll give that some thought.

6

We could also include a tripod. 7 7 7

I think I prefer the case idea. That's another possibility. A tripod is a good idea, too.

7

Could you design the case for me? 8 8 8

Great! I love designing things. I enjoy creating new things. Yes, I like to design new things.

8

Should we ask Product Development to help? 9 9 9

I prefer working alone. No, I prefer working alone. Maybe we ought to ask Product Development to help.

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9

We ought to contact our German partners for advice. 10 10 10

I'll contact them right away. We should contact them immediately. Yes, we ought to contact them as soon as possible.

10

Great! Thanks for your opinion, Bob. I'm always happy to give my opinion. Glad I could help, Wendy. Don't mention it, Wendy.

The Right Word with speech recognition [7 exercises] 1

We have an exciting concept there. information superb heavy

2

I think it is a super idea. concept workload option

3

I agree, it's a heavy workload. budget idea concept

4

We should increase the budget. ought have need 'Should' and 'ought to': advice Modal auxiliaries

5

We ought to think about that. should can are 'Should' and 'ought to': advice Modal auxiliaries

6

Could you design the case for me? Are Have Ought Modal auxiliaries

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7

Great! Thanks for your opinion , Bob. workload name boss

Word Association [1 exercises] 1

Match the words from the dialogue with their synonyms on the right. to consider to create to love

to think about to design to like

Key grammar explanations [2 grammar point(s)] 1

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

2

Verbs: reactions and preferences

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Grammar Practice [5 exercises] 1

Conjugate as in the example. Example: I should (to increase) you should (to include)

you should include

he should (to design)

he should design

we should (to contact)

we should contact

I should (to think)

I should think

they should (to create)

they should create

she should (to give)

she should give

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

2

I should increase

Modal auxiliaries

Conjugate as in the example. Example: I ought to (to increase)

I ought to increase

she ought to (to worry)

she ought to worry

it ought to (to be)

it ought to be

I ought to (to agree)

I ought to agree

they ought to (to consider)

they ought to consider

we ought to (to prefer)

we ought to prefer

you ought to (to mention)

you ought to mention

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

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Modal auxiliaries

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3

Make the following sentences negative. Example: I ought to he ought to

he shouldn't he should not he ought not to he oughtn't to

we ought to

we shouldn't we should not we ought not to we oughtn't to

you ought to

you shouldn't you should not you ought not to you oughtn't to

she ought to

she shouldn't she should not she ought not to she oughtn't to

they ought to

they shouldn't they should not they ought not to they oughtn't to

it ought to

it shouldn't it should not it ought not to it oughtn't to

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

4

I shouldn't

Modal auxiliaries

Reformulate as in the example. Example: he (should / ought) include

he should include

I (should / ought) increase

I should increase

you (should / ought) to think

you ought to think

we (should / ought) to design

we ought to design

he (should / ought) work

he should work

they (should / ought) to contact

they ought to contact

she (should / ought) give

she should give

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

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Modal auxiliaries

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5

Reformulate as in the example. Example: he (should / ought) include

he should include

you (should / ought) to agree

you ought to agree

it (should / ought) have

it should have

he (should / ought) to think

he ought to think

we (should / ought) worry

we should worry

they (should / ought) create

they should create

I (should / ought) to speak

I ought to speak

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

Modal auxiliaries

Sentence Practice [6 exercises] 1

Make the following sentences negative. Example: We will start before Christmas.

We will not start before Christmas.

It will be in stores in August.

It will not be in stores in August. It won't be in stores in August. It'll not be in stores in August.

They will sign the contract next week.

They will not sign the contract next week. They won't sign the contract next week. They'll not sign the contract next week.

A pocket-sized camera will be difficult to make.

A pocket-sized camera will not be difficult to make. A pocket-sized camera won't be difficult to make.

The future

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2

Reformulate as in the example. Example: We will not start before Christmas.

We won't start before Christmas.

That will not be complicated to produce.

That won't be complicated to produce.

She will not need 40 more employees.

She won't need 40 more employees. She won't need forty more employees.

To manufacture a pocket-sized camera will not be difficult.

To manufacture a pocket-sized camera won't be difficult.

The future

3

Reformulate as in the example. Example: We (should / ought) increase the budget. You (should / ought) to double the budget.

You ought to double the budget.

He (should / ought) think about that option.

He should think about that option.

Maybe we (should / ought) to ask Product Development to help.

Maybe we ought to ask Product Development to help.

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

4

We should increase the budget.

Modal auxiliaries

Reformulate as in the example. Example: We (should / ought) increase the budget.

We should increase the budget.

I (should / ought) to give my opinion.

I ought to give my opinion.

They (should / ought) to speak to Bob.

They ought to speak to Bob.

She (should / ought) work alone.

She should work alone.

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

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Modal auxiliaries

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5

Reformulate as in the example. Example: We should increase the budget. I should consider that option.

I ought to consider that option.

He should contact them immediately.

He ought to contact them immediately.

We should give that some thought.

We ought to give that some thought.

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

6

We ought to increase the budget.

Modal auxiliaries

Reformulate as in the example. Example: We ought to increase the budget.

We should increase the budget.

You ought to make some changes.

You should make some changes.

Maybe they ought to include a camera case.

Maybe they should include a camera case.

She ought to ask Product Development.

She should ask Product Development.

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

Modal auxiliaries

Dictation [2 exercises] 1

1 2 3 4 5 6

A super idea. An excellent concept. A heavy workload. To consider. An option. To include. Placing the adjective

2

1 2 3 4 5 6

A possibility. To design. Product Development. To create. Should. Ought to.

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Dialogue: Comprehension [1 exercises] 1

Excuse me, Bob. Could I speak to you for a minute? Of course, Wendy. Yes, what can I do for you, Wendy? Sure, how can I help you? Yes, it is a heavy workload. Will we begin before the 15th, then? That will be complicated to produce. I'll need 2 more employees. Great! I love designing things.

2

2 2 2 Yes. In fact, we'll sign the contract next week. I agree. I'll tell Human Resources.

How do you feel about the new project? It is a super idea. I think we should make some changes. This new project is an exciting concept. Good afternoon, Ken. Yes, I like to design new things. That's another possibility. Yes, we ought to contact them as soon as possible. We should contact them immediately.

3

3 3 3

Should we increase the budget? I think we should increase the budget. Maybe we should increase the budget to two hundred thousand dollars. Yes, we ought to double the budget. I'll contact them right away. Yes, we ought to contact them as soon as possible. I enjoy creating new things. Great! I love designing things. I think I prefer the case idea.

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4 4 4

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4

I'm worried about the workload. 5 5 5

Yes, it is a heavy workload. I agree, it's a heavy workload. There is a lot of work to do before the launch. It's nice to be here. Sure, how can I help you? Glad I could help, Wendy. No, I prefer working alone. Great! I love designing things.

5

Should we include a case with the camera? We should consider a camera case, I think. Yes, we ought to think about that option. I'll give that some thought. Yes, we ought to contact them as soon as possible. That's a tight deadline. Will we sign the contract with the German manufacturers? Good afternoon, Ken. A pocket-sized camera will be difficult to make.

6

Yes, it is quite urgent. Yes, our new German partners. I agree.

We could also include a tripod. I think I prefer the case idea. That's another possibility. A tripod is a good idea, too. Yes, what can I do for you, Wendy? Glad I could help, Wendy. From the German factory? It's nice to be here. Sure, how can I help you?

7

6 6 6

7 7 7

Yes, our new German partners.

Could you design the case for me? Great! I love designing things. I enjoy creating new things. Yes, I like to design new things. It's nice to be here. Good afternoon, Ken. The budget is a hundred thousand dollars? I'm pleased to be here. From the German factory?

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8 8 8

Yes, a hundred thousand dollars. Yes, our new German partners.

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8

Should we ask Product Development to help? I prefer working alone. No, I prefer working alone. Maybe we ought to ask Product Development to help. It's nice to be here. Fine. Me, too. I'm pleased to be here. Good afternoon, Ken. From the German factory?

9

Great!

Yes, our new German partners.

We ought to contact our German partners for advice. I'll contact them right away. We should contact them immediately. Yes, we ought to contact them as soon as possible. Fine. Me, too. How much is the budget? A pocket-sized camera will be difficult to make. A tripod is a good idea, too. To manufacture a pocket-sized camera will be difficult.

10

9 9 9

10 10 10 Great! A hundred thousand dollars. I agree. I agree.

Great! Thanks for your opinion, Bob. I'm always happy to give my opinion. Glad I could help, Wendy. Don't mention it, Wendy. That's another possibility. Yes, I like to design new things. That will be complicated to produce. We'll need to recruit 3 more employees. Do you mean our German partners?

I agree. I'll tell Human Resources. Yes, I do.

Mystery Phrase [2 exercises] 1

A stand with three legs. tripod

2

The department that develops products. Product Development

Keywords [12 word(s)] adequate to be at sb's beck and call bilberry to dress to a T

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to grate (v.) impeccable irreproachable produce ratio reputation to scale (v.) to stumble (v.)

Video and Questions [1 exercises] This hotel employee looks very smart in his outfit. The hotel where he works must surely have several stars. But the employees' elegance isn't everything. Indeed, everything must be perfect in a hotel: the organization, the service and even the smile. It's surprising to see the number of people who, satisfied with a place, come back to it every year. Take, for example, a simple breakfast. It seems very ordinary to order a full breakfast and to ask for it to be served to you in bed. But it's not as easy for the waiter to bring it to you and not stumble on the stairs. Careful you don't spill anything! Sitting in her bed, waiting patiently for her coffee, the guest obviously has no idea of all this. Whatever the time and whatever the event, the waiter must always listen and be at the beck and call of the guest. The noisiest place in a hotel and where people are the busiest, is probably the kitchen. The hotel manager is found there more often than in his office. Managing staff is always difficult, especially when it's a team of chefs who want, at all costs, to serve the head chef's dish with a bilberry sauce, when a simple orange sauce, ten times less costly, would be perfectly adequate! They cut, grate, sprinkle, peel, scale fish... What talent! It's a true culinary art. The meal is a significant element among those services provided in a hotel and the food must be irreproachable. Obviously, the produce must be fresh and that requires working with a reliable supplier. The fruits and vegetables are imported from the four corners of the globe and it's necessary to have complete confidence in the company in charge of delivering the goods. It's impossible to plan for two hundred dinners without being certain of getting fresh produce of an excellent quality in time and on time. The choice of the supplier depends on the best quality-price ratio and the delivery time. It's not uncommon to call upon the services of several professionals at the same time. The restaurant opens its doors at the beginning of the evening and it's not unusual to see customers come in who aren't staying in the hotel. All the waiters and waitresses are dressed to a T: shoes well polished, hair well groomed, ties well done up, skirts well ironed... As usual for the service sector, a restaurant's success depends enormously on its reputation. The service must be impeccable. When you have a job in the service sector, never forget that the customer is always right! And if they do happen to be wrong, keep it to yourself!

1

How is the first employee in the video dressed? He is extremely elegant. He is badly dressed. His clothes are too large. He is dressed casually.

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2

Why do people return to the same hotel every year? They are very happy with it. They want to steal the cutlery. They appreciate the breakfast. They want breakfast in bed.

3

What is meant by 'irreproachable'? It is without fault. It is not bad. It is extremely bad. It is made with fish.

4

What is it difficult for the bellboy to do? Bring the food and not fall over Bring the food and not eat some Bring the food and not laugh Bring the food and not eat everything

5

Where are the fruits and vegetables imported from? All over the world From four countries From four suppliers From corner shops

6

What is meant by 'dressed to a T'? Dressed very well Dressed very badly You got dressed at 9 o'clock. You get undressed at 9 o'clock.

7

Which of these statements is untrue? All of the restaurant's customers are from the hotel. The waiters' and waitresses' shoes are well polished. The restaurant starts serving at the start of the evening. The hotel manager is often found in the kitchen.

8

If the customer is wrong... don't tell him. tell him. tell everyone. keep him quiet.

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9

Which two words have similar meaning? Irreproachable and impeccable Groomed and ironed Adequate and reliable Organization and elegance

10

Which of these words is not a way of preparing food? To spill To grate To peel To scale

Word Pronunciation [12 word(s)] adequate to be at sb's beck and call bilberry to dress to a T to grate impeccable irreproachable produce ratio reputation to scale to stumble

Cultural Texts [1 cultural text(s)] 1

Fast Food Fast food / dazzled / Have a nice day! / restaurants / meat / burger / snacks / hot dogs

A burger Fast food means exactly what it says: it is food that arrives fast! When you go to a fast-food restaurant, you will be dazzled by the speedy service. You will be met with a smile and a friendly 'Have a nice day!' This could be in any country in the world now, but the fast-food phenomenon originated back in the U.S. The first fast-food restaurants opened in the 1950s. Designed to provide people with an alternative to traditional restaurants, they quickly became popular. One of the first snacks was the burger which was simply a slice of meat in a bun. Later versions of the burger include cheeseburgers and even vegetarian burgers! Other popular snacks include hot dogs and donuts. Americans spend $5 billion a year on fast food, and visit fast-food restaurants once every three days, on average! Fast food really has become a way of life.

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Riddles [3 exercises] 1

What do we call food that arrives fast? Fast food Hints: There are restaurants for this kind of food. The speed of service dazzles you. The answer is in the question! Cultural text: Fast Food (Cuisine )

2

In which kind of American restaurant is service extremely quick? A fast-food restaurant Hints: This kind of restaurant was created in the U.S. You can hear 'Have a nice day' in this kind of restaurant. You will be met with a smile in this kind of restaurant. Cultural text: Fast Food (Cuisine )

3

What can you eat in a fast-food restaurant? A burger Hints: It usually has meat in it. It can have cheese in it. It can be vegetarian. Cultural text: Fast Food (Cuisine )

Welcoming Visitors (16 activity (ies) 01:36:20) Keywords [12 word(s)] to accompany (v.) to advise (v.) to arrange (v.) guided tour have a safe trip itinerary jet lag to organize (v.) to show around sightseeing to take sb out

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timetable

Dialogue: Explore [1 exercises] 1

Well, if you could book me on a train for the 8th, that'll still give me the 9th to tie up any loose ends with Mr. Thompson. What about shows or plays in New York? Is there anything that's getting rave reviews? Miss Peking is supposed to be very good. They say that Dogs is wonderful! Would you like to see a N.Y. Shakespeare Company production?

2

2 2 3

I was really hoping for something more serious than a musical. What about the opera? 4

There's a production of Tosca at the moment. That's certainly serious enough! We could get you a ticket for Tosca at the Met. How about if I send you a guide to what's happening in New York?

3

Oh, that'd be great! They were here in Japan last year. The Japanese loved them. Did that pose any language problems? How does Shakespeare translate into Japanese?

4

4 5

It did. I'm not really sure.

10 10

Great! I love Puccini! Go ahead and get me a seat for the 7th. I should be over my jet lag by then. By the way, can you arrange for me to be picked up from the airport? Do you have your flight information? Can you give me your flight number and arrival time? Just give us a call as soon as you get in.

5

6 6 10

Yes, that's the best thing. I'll look it over and get back to you as soon as possible. Can you arrange for me to be picked up at the airport? Do you have your flight information? Can you give me your arrival time and flight number? Just give us a call as soon as you get in.

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6 6 10

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6

I think I have it here... Yes, I'm due in at JFK at 7.45 p.m. on July 4th, flight BA 200. 7 7 8

O.K. Do you know which terminal? Got it. Which terminal are you arriving at? Don't forget that the 4th is a national holiday.

7

I have no idea. I'll fax the details to you as soon as I have them. Thanks for your help. See you on July 4th. 10 10 10

O.K., Mr. Boardman. Bye for now. Yes, I'm looking forward to it. O.K. Have a safe trip.

8

Oh, yes, Independence Day. I forgot about that! 9 9

All the airports will be extremely busy. JFK will be packed!

9

Well, it's too late to do anything about that now. I'll just have to put up with it. Thanks for your help. See you on July 4th. O.K., Mr. Boardman. Bye now. Yes, I'm looking forward to it. Bye. Have a safe trip.

10

You receive another call. It's Mr. Yamamoto. He's calling from the Japanese branch of Cellular Phones. So, Mr. Yamamoto, are you still planning on coming to the States? I'm looking forward to meeting you, Mr. Yamamoto. Everything's arranged, Mr. Yamamoto.

11

10 10 10

Oh yes. I'm looking forward to it.

11

Likewise. Wonderful.

11 11

I'm afraid there's been a slight change of plan. My wife will be accompanying me on the trip. That's not a problem at all. Well, it'll be nice to meet her too. I guess you'd like us to plan some entertainment.

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Good, I didn't think it would be. She's really looking forward to the trip. If you could, yes.

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12 12 12

12

This will be the first time in New York for both of us. We've been to the U.S. on vacation, but never to the 'Big Apple'. I'll try and make the visit as memorable as possible for you. Well, let's try and make it a trip to remember. We'll see to it that your trip is a memorable one.

13

14

What about the Empire State Building?

14 14

Could you? Really? Really?

15 15 15

I'd appreciate that. Also, I'm hoping to get away to the country after taking care of business. Can you recommend anything? The Catskills are a favorite of mine. The scenery up there is just gorgeous. Cape Cod is worth a visit. I'm sure you'd love the beaches. Maine is quite beautiful at this time of year.

16

Yippee! I love slot machines!

But I'm not sure I'll have time for that, unless I can reschedule a couple of meetings. I'll see what I can do for you. That shouldn't be too hard to organize. That shouldn't be necessary. I'm sure we can work around your schedule.

15

13 13 13

What did you have in mind? A day trip to Atlantic City by train. The casinos are fun. A boat trip around Manhattan. The Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and all the bridges! The Metropolitan Museum of Art. And the Cloisters.

14

That would be great. That would be great. That would be great.

That sounds interesting.

16

That sounds interesting.

16

That sounds interesting.

16

Is there anything I could bring you from Japan, as a way of saying thank you? Honestly, it's a pleasure to help out. I'm just happy being able to help. You don't have to go to any trouble.

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No, I insist. No, I insist. No, I insist.

17 17 17

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17

After all, you're doing so much for my wife and me. It's only natural. Well, I wouldn't mind a couple of video games. An anthology of Basho's poetry would be wonderful. I like Rumiko Takahashi's work. I wouldn't mind her latest manga.

Email me your console reference and I'll see what I can do. Yes, I heard you liked haiku. I'll see what I can do. Yes, she's very popular in the States. I'll see what I can do.

Word Pronunciation [12 word(s)] to accompany to advise entertainment guided tour have a safe trip itinerary jet lag to organize to show around sightseeing to take sb out timetable

Sentence Pronunciation [56 sentence(s)] Miss Peking is supposed to be very good. They say that Dogs is wonderful! Would you like to see a N.Y. Shakespeare Company production? There's a production of Tosca at the moment. That's certainly serious enough! We could get you a ticket for Tosca at the Met. How about if I send you a guide to what's happening in New York? Did that pose any language problems? How does Shakespeare translate into Japanese? Do you have your flight information? Can you give me your flight number and arrival time? Just give us a call as soon as you get in. Do you have your flight information? Can you give me your arrival time and flight number? Just give us a call as soon as you get in. O.K. Do you know which terminal? Got it. Which terminal are you arriving at? Don't forget that the 4th is a national holiday. O.K., Mr. Boardman. Bye for now. Yes, I'm looking forward to it. O.K. Have a safe trip. All the airports will be extremely busy. JFK will be packed! O.K., Mr. Boardman. Bye now. Yes, I'm looking forward to it. Bye. Have a safe trip. So, Mr. Yamamoto, are you still planning on coming to the States? I'm looking forward to meeting you, Mr. Yamamoto.

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Everything's arranged, Mr. Yamamoto. That's not a problem at all. Well, it'll be nice to meet her too. I guess you'd like us to plan some entertainment. I'll try and make the visit as memorable as possible for you. Well, let's try and make it a trip to remember. We'll see to it that your trip is a memorable one. A day trip to Atlantic City by train. The casinos are fun. A boat trip around Manhattan. The Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and all the bridges! The Metropolitan Museum of Art. And the Cloisters. I'll see what I can do for you. That shouldn't be too hard to organize. That shouldn't be necessary. I'm sure we can work around your schedule. The Catskills are a favorite of mine. The scenery up there is just gorgeous. Cape Cod is worth a visit. I'm sure you'd love the beaches. Maine is quite beautiful at this time of year. Honestly, it's a pleasure to help out. I'm just happy being able to help. You don't have to go to any trouble. Well, I wouldn't mind a couple of video games. An anthology of Basho's poetry would be wonderful. I like Rumiko Takahashi's work. I wouldn't mind her latest manga.

Picture/Word Association with speech recognition [3 exercises] 1 a train a van a trolley car a ferry a motorcycle

2 a slot machine a computer a fax machine a video game a cash machine

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3 the Statue of Liberty the Golden Gate Bridge Miss America the Empire State Building King Kong

Dialogue: Expression [1 exercises] 1

Well, if you could book me on a train for the 8th, that'll still give me the 9th to tie up any loose ends with Mr. Thompson. What about shows or plays in New York? Is there anything that's getting rave reviews? Miss Peking is supposed to be very good. They say that Dogs is wonderful! Would you like to see a N.Y. Shakespeare Company production?

2

2 2 3

I was really hoping for something more serious than a musical. What about the opera? 4

There's a production of Tosca at the moment. That's certainly serious enough! We could get you a ticket for Tosca at the Met. How about if I send you a guide to what's happening in New York?

3

Oh, that'd be great! They were here in Japan last year. The Japanese loved them. Did that pose any language problems? How does Shakespeare translate into Japanese?

4

4 5

It did. I'm not really sure.

10 10

Great! I love Puccini! Go ahead and get me a seat for the 7th. I should be over my jet lag by then. By the way, can you arrange for me to be picked up from the airport? 6 6 10

Do you have your flight information? Can you give me your flight number and arrival time? Just give us a call as soon as you get in.

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5

Yes, that's the best thing. I'll look it over and get back to you as soon as possible. Can you arrange for me to be picked up at the airport? Do you have your flight information? Can you give me your arrival time and flight number? Just give us a call as soon as you get in.

6

6 6 10

I think I have it here... Yes, I'm due in at JFK at 7.45 p.m. on July 4th, flight BA 200. 7 7 8

O.K. Do you know which terminal? Got it. Which terminal are you arriving at? Don't forget that the 4th is a national holiday.

7

I have no idea. I'll fax the details to you as soon as I have them. Thanks for your help. See you on July 4th. O.K., Mr. Boardman. Bye for now. Yes, I'm looking forward to it. O.K. Have a safe trip.

8

10 10 10

Oh, yes, Independence Day. I forgot about that! 9 9

All the airports will be extremely busy. JFK will be packed!

9

Well, it's too late to do anything about that now. I'll just have to put up with it. Thanks for your help. See you on July 4th. 10 10 10

O.K., Mr. Boardman. Bye now. Yes, I'm looking forward to it. Bye. Have a safe trip.

10

You receive another call. It's Mr. Yamamoto. He's calling from the Japanese branch of Cellular Phones. So, Mr. Yamamoto, are you still planning on coming to the States? I'm looking forward to meeting you, Mr. Yamamoto. Everything's arranged, Mr. Yamamoto.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Oh yes. I'm looking forward to it.

11

Likewise. Wonderful.

11 11

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11

I'm afraid there's been a slight change of plan. My wife will be accompanying me on the trip. That's not a problem at all. Well, it'll be nice to meet her too. I guess you'd like us to plan some entertainment.

12

That would be great. That would be great. That would be great.

13 13 13

Yippee! I love slot machines!

14

What about the Empire State Building?

14 14

But I'm not sure I'll have time for that, unless I can reschedule a couple of meetings. I'll see what I can do for you. That shouldn't be too hard to organize. That shouldn't be necessary. I'm sure we can work around your schedule.

15

12

What did you have in mind? A day trip to Atlantic City by train. The casinos are fun. A boat trip around Manhattan. The Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and all the bridges! The Metropolitan Museum of Art. And the Cloisters.

14

12 12

This will be the first time in New York for both of us. We've been to the U.S. on vacation, but never to the 'Big Apple'. I'll try and make the visit as memorable as possible for you. Well, let's try and make it a trip to remember. We'll see to it that your trip is a memorable one.

13

Good, I didn't think it would be. She's really looking forward to the trip. If you could, yes.

Could you? Really? Really?

15 15 15

I'd appreciate that. Also, I'm hoping to get away to the country after taking care of business. Can you recommend anything? The Catskills are a favorite of mine. The scenery up there is just gorgeous. Cape Cod is worth a visit. I'm sure you'd love the beaches. Maine is quite beautiful at this time of year.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

That sounds interesting.

16

That sounds interesting.

16

That sounds interesting.

16

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16

Is there anything I could bring you from Japan, as a way of saying thank you? No, I insist. No, I insist. No, I insist.

Honestly, it's a pleasure to help out. I'm just happy being able to help. You don't have to go to any trouble.

17

17 17 17

After all, you're doing so much for my wife and me. It's only natural. Well, I wouldn't mind a couple of video games. An anthology of Basho's poetry would be wonderful. I like Rumiko Takahashi's work. I wouldn't mind her latest manga.

Email me your console reference and I'll see what I can do. Yes, I heard you liked haiku. I'll see what I can do. Yes, she's very popular in the States. I'll see what I can do.

The Right Word with speech recognition [2 exercises] 1

Extremely means highly. Average Ordinarily Usually

2

To look forward to means to wait eagerly for something. In fear of Apathetic Unenthusiastic Indifferent Nonchalant 'To look forward to'

Word Association [1 exercises] 1

Match the words from the dialogue with their antonyms on the right. doubt pick up fit the bill look memorable look forward to stay spend

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be certain drop off be unsuitable ignore forgettable dread leave save

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Key grammar explanations [3 grammar point(s)] 1

Use of 'both'

2

Absence of necessity

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3

Nouns and adjectives of nationality

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Grammar Practice [1 exercises] 1

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Irish

Ireland

Scottish

Scotland

Portuguese

Portugal

Mexican

Mexico

Nouns and adjectives of nationality

Fill-in-the-Blanks [6 exercises] 1

What about shows or plays in New York at the moment? Is there anything that's getting rave reviews ? I'll send you a guide to what's happening in the city. By the way, can you arrange for me to be picked up at the airport? Yes, let me have your arrival time and flight number. I'm due at JFK at 7:45 p.m. on July 4th, flight BA 200. Don't forget the 4th is a national holiday . Oh, I forgot about that. All the airports will be extremely busy . Well, it's too late to do anything about that now. Use of the past participle as an adjective

2

We might be able to get you a ticket for Tosca. It's getting rave reviews . I was really hoping for something less serious . What about a musical ? They say Cats is wonderful . Shall I get you a seat for the 16th? That sounds good. I should be over my jet lag by then. 'Can' - 'Could' - 'To be able to'

3

The main postpositions

The main postpositions

I'm afraid there's been a change of plans. My wife will be accompanying me to New York. Will you be changing your itinerary ? Yes, we'll be arriving two days earlier. That's no problem . I'll change your hotel reservations . Also, we'd like to get away to the country. Any suggestions ? Yes, the Catskills are just gorgeous at this time of year. That sounds wonderful. Go ahead and make the arrangements. The main postpositions

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4

It's time to go home. It's time for a coffee. It's no use crying over spilt milk. It's no good turning it on, there's a power outage. It's time to get up . It's not worth writing him an email. Expressions followed by the gerund

5

The main postpositions

'To write'

It's worth learning a foreign language. It's no use shouting , there's no one here. I can type that report for you. He can't wash his hands because the water's too hot. It's time to go to work. It's time for sleeping. Expressions followed by the gerund

6

I'm really looking forward to my adventure holiday. I'd like to go canoeing, or rock-climbing. People always look forward to getting away from work for a bit. No doubt they'd like to do it more often. It's nice to have a short break to look forward to . Would you like to come too? 'To look forward to'

Verbs without a continuous form

Sentence Practice [1 exercises] 1

Rewrite the following sentences as in the example. Example: My brother is as tall as my father.

Both my brother and my father are tall.

Japanese is as difficult as Chinese.

Both Japanese and Chinese are difficult. Both Chinese and Japanese are difficult.

The subway is as crowded as the roads.

Both the subway and the roads are crowded. Both the roads and the subway are crowded.

The beaches are as beautiful as the countryside.

Both the beaches and the countryside are beautiful. Both the countryside and the beaches are beautiful.

Use of 'both'

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Word Order with speech recognition [8 exercises] 1

I'll fax the details to you this afternoon. I'll fax the details to you this afternoon.

2

There's a new There's a new play

play on Broadway that's getting rave on Broadway that's getting rave reviews.

reviews.

Addresses and phone numbers

3

I'm afraid that I I'm afraid that I would

would not understand Shakespeare not understand Shakespeare in English.

'That' and dependent clauses

4

I think there are a few I think there are a few tickets left Use of the passive

5

it won't it won't be

in

English.

Construction of the present conditional

tickets for the

left for the Sibelius concert.

'To be left' - 'To have left'

be any trouble at all picking any trouble at all picking you up

Sibelius

concert.

'Few' - 'A few' - 'Many'

you

up.

The main postpositions

6

The airports will be packed because of the school The airports will be packed because of the school vacation

7

I'm looking forward to finally meeting you. I'm looking forward to finally meeting you

vacation

'To look forward to'

8

I just need your I just need your flight

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

flight number and arrival number and arrival time

time.

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Text Transformation [1 exercises] 1

Put the following text into the negative form. You must stay in a hotel near downtown and you'll need to reserve it today. You have to ask for a room with a fax and email access because it'll be a bigger room. You'll need to book a city tour because you'll need to familiarize yourself with your surroundings. You need to book a taxi from the airport because the sales manager's expecting you. You mustn't stay in a hotel near downtown and you won't need to reserve it today. You don't have to ask for a room with a fax and email access because it won't be a bigger room. You won't need to book a city tour because you won't need to familiarize yourself with your surroundings. You needn't book a taxi from the airport because the sales manager's not expecting you. 'Must' - 'Have to'

Absence of necessity

Dictation [2 exercises] 1

1 2 3 4 5

If you could book me on a bus tour to Atlantic City, I'd be grateful. That'll still give me one full day to tie up any loose ends. Are there any plays that are getting rave reviews at the moment? The new production of Hamlet is supposed to be wonderful. If you prefer, I can send you a guide to what's happening in the city. The main postpositions

2

1 2 3 4 5

Verbs without a continuous form

Can you arrange for me to be picked up at the airport? Just give us a call as soon as you get in. I haven't received the flight information yet. I'll fax the information to you as soon as I have it, just to confirm my arrival. We're all looking forward to meeting you. Infinitive clauses The main postpositions The prepositions 'in' and 'at' Different meanings of 'all' 'To look forward to'

Dialogue: Comprehension [1 exercises] 1

Well, if you could book me on a train for the 8th, that'll still give me the 9th to tie up any loose ends with Mr. Thompson. What about shows or plays in New York? Is there anything that's getting rave reviews? Miss Peking is supposed to be very good. They say that Dogs is wonderful! Would you like to see a N.Y. Shakespeare Company production? If you like, I can show you around the city myself. We're here to help, Mr. Boardman. That shouldn't be too hard to organize. I think the Johnson would be your best bet. Just give us a call as soon as you get in.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

2 2 3

Really?

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2

I was really hoping for something more serious than a musical. What about the opera? There's a production of Tosca at the moment. That's certainly serious enough! We could get you a ticket for Tosca at the Met. How about if I send you a guide to what's happening in New York? JFK will be packed! Hello, can I help you? O.K., Mr. Boardman. Bye now. Cape Cod is worth a visit. I'm sure you'd love the beaches. Do you have your flight information?

3

4 5

That sounds interesting.

Oh, that'd be great! They were here in Japan last year. The Japanese loved them. Did that pose any language problems? How does Shakespeare translate into Japanese? The Central Hotel should fit the bill. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. And the Cloisters. The subway takes at least an hour. That's very kind of you. Staying near the airport could be very noisy.

4

4

It did. I'm not really sure.

10 10

Great! I love Puccini! Go ahead and get me a seat for the 7th. I should be over my jet lag by then. By the way, can you arrange for me to be picked up from the airport? Do you have your flight information? Can you give me your flight number and arrival time? Just give us a call as soon as you get in. Well, let's try and make it a trip to remember. Bye. Have a safe trip. That sounds wonderful! If you like, I can show you around the city myself. Yes, I'm looking forward to it.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

6 6 That would be great.

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5

Yes, that's the best thing. I'll look it over and get back to you as soon as possible. Can you arrange for me to be picked up at the airport? Do you have your flight information? Can you give me your arrival time and flight number? Just give us a call as soon as you get in. You don't have to go to any trouble. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. And the Cloisters. You won't get that for less than two hundred dollars. They say that Dogs is wonderful! I'm looking forward to meeting you, Mr. Yamamoto.

6

6 6 10 No, I insist.

Likewise.

I think I have it here... Yes, I'm due in at JFK at 7.45 p.m. on July 4th, flight BA 200. 7 7 8

O.K. Do you know which terminal? Got it. Which terminal are you arriving at? Don't forget that the 4th is a national holiday. How about if I send you a guide to what's happening in New York? No, really. It would be a pleasure. They're both within easy reach of New York. That sounds wonderful! You won't get that for less than two hundred dollars.

7

I have no idea. I'll fax the details to you as soon as I have them. Thanks for your help. See you on July 4th. O.K., Mr. Boardman. Bye for now. Yes, I'm looking forward to it. O.K. Have a safe trip. How about if I send you a guide to what's happening in New York? We could get you a ticket for Tosca at the Met. Maine is quite beautiful at this time of year. Can you give me your flight number and arrival time? If you like, I can show you around the city myself.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

10 10 10

That sounds interesting.

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8

Oh, yes, Independence Day. I forgot about that! All the airports will be extremely busy. JFK will be packed! If I were you, I'd go for the Marrion. Hello, Sales Department. That's very kind of you. Well, let's try and make it a trip to remember. Good afternoon, Sales Department.

9

That would be great.

Well, it's too late to do anything about that now. I'll just have to put up with it. Thanks for your help. See you on July 4th. O.K., Mr. Boardman. Bye now. Yes, I'm looking forward to it. Bye. Have a safe trip. That's very kind of you. The roads into the city are very congested. They're both within easy reach of New York. Did that pose any language problems? I'm just happy being able to help.

10

9 9

10 10 10

It did. No, I insist.

You receive another call. It's Mr. Yamamoto. He's calling from the Japanese branch of Cellular Phones. So, Mr. Yamamoto, are you still planning on coming to the States? I'm looking forward to meeting you, Mr. Yamamoto. Everything's arranged, Mr. Yamamoto. You won't get that for less than two hundred dollars. Got it. Which terminal are you arriving at? The Metropolitan Museum of Art. And the Cloisters. That shouldn't be too hard to organize. That's very kind of you.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Oh yes. I'm looking forward to it.

11

Likewise. Wonderful.

11 11

Really?

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11

I'm afraid there's been a slight change of plan. My wife will be accompanying me on the trip. That's not a problem at all. Well, it'll be nice to meet her too. I guess you'd like us to plan some entertainment. It'd be a pleasant change from the office routine. Perhaps, but it'd be very basic. An anthology of Basho's poetry would be wonderful.

Good, I didn't think it would be. She's really looking forward to the trip. If you could, yes.

12 12 12

Yes, I heard you liked haiku. I'll see what I can do.

All the airports will be extremely busy. No, really. It would be a pleasure.

12

This will be the first time in New York for both of us. We've been to the U.S. on vacation, but never to the 'Big Apple'. I'll try and make the visit as memorable as possible for you. Well, let's try and make it a trip to remember. We'll see to it that your trip is a memorable one. All the airports will be extremely busy. Yes, I'm looking forward to it. "See New York" is a reliable tour company. It's a matter of how much you want to spend. Got it. Which terminal are you arriving at?

13

That would be great. That would be great. That would be great.

13 13 13

Yippee! I love slot machines!

14

What about the Empire State Building?

14

What did you have in mind? A day trip to Atlantic City by train. The casinos are fun. A boat trip around Manhattan. The Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and all the bridges! The Metropolitan Museum of Art. And the Cloisters. Well, he must have forgotten. When will you be here? You won't get that for less than two hundred dollars. How does Shakespeare translate into Japanese? No, I enjoy it. It's my hometown. JFK will be packed!

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

14

I'm not really sure.

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14

But I'm not sure I'll have time for that, unless I can reschedule a couple of meetings. I'll see what I can do for you. That shouldn't be too hard to organize. That shouldn't be necessary. I'm sure we can work around your schedule. Miss Peking is supposed to be very good. There aren't any good hotels around here. How does Shakespeare translate into Japanese? O.K. Have a safe trip. We always use a company called "See New York".

15

Could you? Really? Really?

15 15 15

I'm not really sure.

I'd appreciate that. Also, I'm hoping to get away to the country after taking care of business. Can you recommend anything? The Catskills are a favorite of mine. The scenery up there is just gorgeous. Cape Cod is worth a visit. I'm sure you'd love the beaches. Maine is quite beautiful at this time of year. That sounds wonderful! We could get you a ticket for Tosca at the Met. Well, it'll be nice to meet her too.

That sounds interesting.

16

That sounds interesting.

16

That sounds interesting.

16

She's really looking forward to the trip.

I think the Johnson would be your best bet. Hello, can I help you?

16

Is there anything I could bring you from Japan, as a way of saying thank you? Honestly, it's a pleasure to help out. I'm just happy being able to help. You don't have to go to any trouble. The Central Hotel should fit the bill. Miss Peking is supposed to be very good. How does Shakespeare translate into Japanese? In that case, we're talking two hundred dollars a night. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. And the Cloisters.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

No, I insist. No, I insist. No, I insist.

17 17 17

I'm not really sure.

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17

After all, you're doing so much for my wife and me. It's only natural. Well, I wouldn't mind a couple of video games. An anthology of Basho's poetry would be wonderful. I like Rumiko Takahashi's work. I wouldn't mind her latest manga. Got it. Which terminal are you arriving at? If you like, I can show you around the city myself. I'm looking forward to meeting you, Mr. Yamamoto. I'll see what I can do for you. I think the Johnson would be your best bet.

Email me your console reference and I'll see what I can do. Yes, I heard you liked haiku. I'll see what I can do. Yes, she's very popular in the States. I'll see what I can do.

Likewise. Could you?

The Gas Station (21 activity (ies) 02:15:56) Keywords [19 word(s)] automobile to blink (v.) to break down (v.) to change the oil diesel to fill up (v.) full service gallon gas station gasoline indicator mechanic oil change rest stop tank trunk unleaded vehicle windshield

Dialogue: Explore [1 exercises] 1

You arrive at a gas station. A man walks over to you: "Good morning, what can I do for you?" Some gas, please. Change the oil. Change the rear tires.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

2 3 6

Oh, they're flat.

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2

What kind of gas would you like? 4 4 4

Super-unleaded. Regular-unleaded. Diesel.

3

How many miles have you covered since you had the oil changed? Less than 6,000 miles. 31,000 miles. More than 31,000 miles.

4

All right. All right. All right.

11 11 11

How much would you like? Fill her up, please. $20's worth. I'd like 5 gallons.

5

Do you do a lot of driving? No, I don't. Yes, 300 miles a week. Yes, I'm a regional sales rep.

6

Your car must be worn out! Your car must be worn out!

7 7 7

Anything else? I'd like to change the oil. I'd like full service. No, that's all.

7

6 6 6

All right.

11 11 11

Do you plan to change the car soon? 10 8 8

No, I'm too fond of it! Why not? I'm still hesitating.

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8

What do you think of the cars in stock? They're nice. Are they inexpensive? I'd like to test-drive one.

9

You like to drive fast, don't you?

11 11 11

What do you first consider when you look at a car? 12 13 13

Color. Overall looks. Horsepower.

12

What color do you prefer? 13 13 13

Off-white. Bright red. Emerald green.

13

11 11 11 11 11

Why do you like it so much? It was a present from my aunt. It doesn't burn a lot of gas. I'm accustomed to it.

11

9 9 9

What kind of car do you prefer? A sedan. A sports car. A spacious station wagon. A convertible. A 4-wheel drive.

10

The quality is in line with their price.

Are you going to drive it often? 14 14 14

No, rarely. Yes, a lot. From time to time.

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14

What do you intend to do with your car? 15 15 15

Use it to commute. It's for my wife. I want to go on vacation with it.

15

What gasoline do you want to use? Super-unleaded. Regular-unleaded. Diesel.

16

16 16 16

How do you like to drive? I tend to keep my foot on the accelerator. I'm pretty careful. I drive as fast as possible.

Word Pronunciation [19 word(s)] automobile to blink to break down to change the oil diesel to fill up full service gallon gas station gasoline indicator mechanic oil change rest stop tank trunk unleaded vehicle windshield

Sentence Pronunciation [50 sentence(s)] Some gas, please. Change the oil. Change the rear tires. Super-unleaded. Regular-unleaded. Diesel. Less than 6,000 miles.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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31,000 miles. More than 31,000 miles. Fill her up, please. $20's worth. I'd like 5 gallons. No, I don't. Yes, 300 miles a week. Yes, I'm a regional sales rep. I'd like to change the oil. I'd like full service. No, that's all. No, I'm too fond of it! Why not? I'm still hesitating. They're nice. Are they inexpensive? I'd like to test-drive one. A sedan. A sports car. A spacious station wagon. A convertible. A 4-wheel drive. It was a present from my aunt. It doesn't burn a lot of gas. I'm accustomed to it. Color. Overall looks. Horsepower. Off-white. Bright red. Emerald green. No, rarely. Yes, a lot. From time to time. Use it to commute. It's for my wife. I want to go on vacation with it. Super-unleaded. Regular-unleaded. Diesel. I tend to keep my foot on the accelerator. I'm pretty careful. I drive as fast as possible.

Picture/Word Association with speech recognition [8 exercises] 1 a gas station a bakery a hospital a corner store a haberdashery a launderette

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Page 44/123

2 gas water milk whisky honey detergent

3 a tire a hubcap a steering wheel a motor a wing a brake

4 a sedan a stagecoach a motorbike a carriage a flying carpet a limousine

5 a sports car a bicycle a station wagon a sedan a skateboard a roller skate

6 a station wagon a convertible a submarine a truck a trailer a sedan

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Page 45/123

7 a convertible a parachute a flying saucer a cart a merry-go-round a helicopter

8 a 4-wheel drive a sports car a trailer a crane a tractor a go-cart

Dialogue: Expression [1 exercises] 1

You arrive at a gas station. A man walks over to you: "Good morning, what can I do for you?" Some gas, please. Change the oil. Change the rear tires.

2

2 3 6

Oh, they're flat.

What kind of gas would you like? 4 4 4

Super-unleaded. Regular-unleaded. Diesel.

3

How many miles have you covered since you had the oil changed? Less than 6,000 miles. 31,000 miles. More than 31,000 miles.

4

All right. All right. All right.

11 11 11

How much would you like? 6 6 6

Fill her up, please. $20's worth. I'd like 5 gallons.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Page 46/123

5

Do you do a lot of driving? No, I don't. Yes, 300 miles a week. Yes, I'm a regional sales rep.

6

All right.

11 11 11

Do you plan to change the car soon? No, I'm too fond of it! Why not? I'm still hesitating.

8

The quality is in line with their price.

9 9 9

What kind of car do you prefer? A sedan. A sports car. A spacious station wagon. A convertible. A 4-wheel drive.

10

10 8 8

What do you think of the cars in stock? They're nice. Are they inexpensive? I'd like to test-drive one.

9

7 7 7

Anything else? I'd like to change the oil. I'd like full service. No, that's all.

7

Your car must be worn out! Your car must be worn out!

You like to drive fast, don't you?

11 11 11 11 11

Why do you like it so much? 11 11 11

It was a present from my aunt. It doesn't burn a lot of gas. I'm accustomed to it.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Page 47/123

11

What do you first consider when you look at a car? 12 13 13

Color. Overall looks. Horsepower.

12

What color do you prefer? Off-white. Bright red. Emerald green.

13

13 13 13

Are you going to drive it often? No, rarely. Yes, a lot. From time to time.

14

14 14 14

What do you intend to do with your car? Use it to commute. It's for my wife. I want to go on vacation with it.

15

15 15 15

What gasoline do you want to use? 16 16 16

Super-unleaded. Regular-unleaded. Diesel.

16

How do you like to drive? I tend to keep my foot on the accelerator. I'm pretty careful. I drive as fast as possible.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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The Right Word with speech recognition [4 exercises] 1

A convertible is a car with a removable top. trailer motorcycle roller blade station wagon

2

Horsepower is a technical name for the strength of a machine. Vitality Endowment Thermal energy Bandages Use of compound nouns

3

Good morning , how may I help you today? Leave this instant Adieu Farewell Afternoon

4

A full service is checking the brakes and oil level and filling the tank. half-done job alumni reunion marketing scheme gas station

Word Association [1 exercises] 1

Match the words from the dialogue with their synonyms on the right. change want drive hesitate like check

modify wish operate be reluctant be fond of verify

Phonetics Exercise [6 phoneme(s)]

dZ

change regional engine budget

D

the that's they mother-in-law than

r

regular-unleaded worth red rarely accelerator overdraft radio



gallons convertible careful secondhand alarm

i

rear diesel please green previous cheapest

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Bj

oil

Key grammar explanations [3 grammar point(s)] 1

Strong probability using 'must'

2

'To make sb do sth' - 'To have sth done'

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3

Use of compound nouns

Grammar Practice [2 exercises] 1

Reformulate as in the example. Example: tank for gas

gas tank

drive for testing a car

test drive

car for sports

sports car

station for trains

train station

power of horses

horsepower

green of an emerald

emerald green

conditioning of the air

air conditioning

Construction of compound nouns

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Use of compound nouns

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2

Reformulate as in the example. Example: tank for gas

gas tank

radio in the car

car radio

mug for coffee

coffee mug

racket for tennis

tennis racket

box for jewels

jewelry box jewel box jewelbox

cellar for storing wine

wine cellar

ball game involving bases

baseball

Construction of compound nouns

Use of compound nouns

Fill-in-the-Blanks [6 exercises] 1

What do you first consider when you look at a car? How much are you prepared to pay for this car? What do you intend to do with your car? I will commute to work and go shopping with my wife. Verbs expressing a wish to act

2

I'd like to fill her up . I'm too fond of my car. It's a present from my aunt. I go to work with it. I tend to keep my foot on the accelerator. The main postpositions

3

Prepositions of place

You arrive at a gas station . A man walks over to you. Good morning , what can I do for you? How many miles have you covered since you had the oil changed? I have driven a lot since the last change. Irregular verbs

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4

How many miles have you covered since you had the oil changed ? I just started working. How much are you prepared to pay? I'm on a tight budget. My bank will grant me an overdraft. Use of the present perfect

5

You arrive at a gas station. A man walks over to you. What can I do for you? Some gas, please. How much would you like ? Fill her up, please. 'Would like': expressing wishes

6

Verbs without a continuous form

I drive as fast as possible . Why do you like it so much ? Do you do a lot of driving? Are you going to drive it often ? I'm pretty careful. Adverbs of time

Sentence Practice [6 exercises] 1

Give the opposite, as in the example. Example: You must be Mr. Brown.

You can't be Mr. Brown.

This must be your car.

This can't be your car. This cannot be your car.

That must be her station wagon.

That can't be her station wagon. That cannot be her station wagon.

That must be Mario Andretti over there.

That can't be Mario Andretti over there. That cannot be Mario Andretti over there.

Strong probability using 'must'

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Modal auxiliaries

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2

Give the opposite, as in the example. Example: You must be Mr. Brown. He must mean the convertible.

He can't mean the convertible. He cannot mean the convertible.

They must be talking about the sedan.

They can't be talking about the sedan. They cannot be talking about the sedan.

You must be referring to the sports car.

You can't be referring to the sports car. You cannot be referring to the sports car.

Strong probability using 'must'

3

You can't be Mr. Brown.

Modal auxiliaries

Give the opposite, as in the example. Example: You must be Mr. Brown. The car must be ready already.

The car can't be ready already. The car cannot be ready already.

The air-conditioning must be broken.

The air-conditioning can't be broken. The air-conditioning cannot be broken.

The hubcaps must be missing.

The hubcaps can't be missing. The hubcaps cannot be missing.

Strong probability using 'must'

4

You can't be Mr. Brown.

Modal auxiliaries

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Our car is being repaired.

We're having our car repaired.

My brakes are being checked.

I'm having my brakes checked. I am having my brakes checked.

Her oil is being changed.

She's having her oil changed. She is having her oil changed.

Their tank is being filled.

They're having their tank filled. They are having their tank filled.

'To make sb do sth' - 'To have sth done'

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Verbs without a continuous form: exceptions

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5

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Our car is being repaired.

We're having our car repaired.

Our windshield is being replaced.

We're having our windshield replaced. We are having our windshield replaced.

Your tires are being rotated.

You're having your tires rotated. You are having your tires rotated.

His part is being delivered.

He's having his part delivered. He is having his part delivered.

'To make sb do sth' - 'To have sth done'

6

Verbs without a continuous form: exceptions

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Our car is being repaired.

We're having our car repaired.

Our convertible was repainted.

We had our convertible repainted.

My wife's car was tuned up.

My wife had her car tuned up.

Her hubcaps were stolen.

She had her hubcaps stolen.

'To make sb do sth' - 'To have sth done'

'To be' and 'to have': preterite

Dictation [2 exercises] 1

1 2 3 4 5 6

My husband is a sales rep. He does a lot of driving every week. He covers over 500 miles in his region alone. That's why he's taking the car to the gas station. He's going to have someone check the brakes and the oil. Luckily, the car can take all the wear and tear. Relative pronouns and adverbs

2

1 2 3 4 5 6

'To make sb do sth' - 'To have sth done'

My uncle gave me his old sedan. It's perfect for me to use in the city. It doesn't burn much gas. It takes regular gasoline. I take it to my local garage when I need work done. I'm on a tight budget, so I hope I can keep it for a couple of years. Relative pronouns and adverbs

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Use of 'so' to express a goal

Uses of 'so'

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Word Order with speech recognition [8 exercises] 1

I know of a gas station that sells gasoline I know of a gas station that sells gasoline for less

for

less

in

the

Relative pronouns and adverbs

2

The United States covers thousands of The United States covers thousands of miles

miles

Invariable cardinal numbers

3

driving for days with no rest is dangerous. driving for days with no rest is dangerous.

4

We don't We don't like

like tap water, so we tap water, so we buy gallons

Use of 'so' to express a goal

buy gallons in the store

Uses of 'so'

5

an oil change is needed after 3,000 an oil change is needed after 3,000 miles.

6

An eccentric woman would An eccentric woman would wear

miles.

wear a bright red wedding a bright red wedding dress

Construction of the present conditional

7

store.

dress

Order of adjectives

the commute takes two hours from home the commute takes two hours from home to work.

to work.

'Hour' - 'Time' - 'O'clock'

8

The accelerator was sensitive and the driver had an The accelerator was sensitive and the driver had an accident

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accident

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Text Transformation [1 exercises] 1

Use the form "must" or "have to" wherever possible, paying close attention to the tense of the text. They want a new family car. They have gone on vacation with the old one. They are waiting for a loan from the bank. The car they want to buy is expensive. They want a bigger model. The husband and the wife both drive automatics. They must want a new family car. They must have gone on vacation with the old one. They must be waiting for a loan from the bank. The car they want to buy must be expensive. They must want a bigger model. The husband and the wife must both drive automatics. Strong probability using 'must'

Modal auxiliaries

Dialogue: Comprehension [1 exercises] 1

You arrive at a gas station. A man walks over to you: "Good morning, what can I do for you?" Some gas, please. Change the oil. Change the rear tires. In cash. The cheapest possible car. My bank gave me an overdraft. Why not? No, I'm too fond of it!

2

2 3 6

Oh, they're flat.

What kind of gas would you like? Super-unleaded. Regular-unleaded. Diesel. I want a secondhand car. I want to go on vacation with it. I'm accustomed to it. Air conditioning. She's a great driver.

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4 4 4 I think I have what you need.

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3

How many miles have you covered since you had the oil changed? Less than 6,000 miles. 31,000 miles. More than 31,000 miles. I'll buy it on leasing terms. From time to time. Within three days. I can't afford anything expensive. A two-year loan.

4

All right. All right. All right.

11 11 11

How much would you like? 6 6 6

Fill her up, please. $20's worth. I'd like 5 gallons. It was a present from my aunt. It's for my wife. A spacious station wagon. I'm pretty careful. I'm accustomed to it.

5

Do you do a lot of driving? No, I don't. Yes, 300 miles a week. Yes, I'm a regional sales rep. A sedan. A 4-wheel drive. Between 10,000 and 20,000 dollars. In cash. In two weeks.

6

Your car must be worn out! Your car must be worn out!

7 7 7

Anything else? I'd like to change the oil. I'd like full service. No, that's all. It was a present from my aunt. In cash. It doesn't burn a lot of gas. A sedan. Air conditioning.

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All right.

11 11 11

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7

Do you plan to change the car soon? 10

No, I'm too fond of it! Why not? I'm still hesitating. There are eight of us with my mother-in-law. An alarm system. She's worse than I am! She has simple tastes. Super-unleaded.

8

What do you think of the cars in stock? They're nice. Are they inexpensive? I'd like to test-drive one. We only have a big dog. In the coming weeks. No, rarely. She's a great driver. Change the oil.

9

9 9 9

You like to drive fast, don't you?

11 11 11

What kind of car do you prefer? A sedan. A sports car. A spacious station wagon. A convertible. A 4-wheel drive. She hasn't had any car accidents yet. I'd like to change the oil. The handheld vacuum. I want to go on vacation with it. Before the end of the month.

10

The quality is in line with their price.

All right.

Why do you like it so much? 11 11 11

It was a present from my aunt. It doesn't burn a lot of gas. I'm accustomed to it. In two weeks. As soon as possible. Diesel. In cash. She hasn't had any car accidents yet.

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11

What do you first consider when you look at a car? Color. Overall looks. Horsepower. We've got a son and two daughters. $20's worth. Within a week. More than 31,000 miles. As soon as possible.

12

12 13 13

All right.

What color do you prefer? 13 13 13

Off-white. Bright red. Emerald green. No, I don't. The camera. She hasn't had any car accidents yet. I'll buy it on leasing terms. Air conditioning.

13

Are you going to drive it often? No, rarely. Yes, a lot. From time to time. No, I don't. Change the oil. Before the end of the month. I want a secondhand car. As soon as possible.

14

14 14 14

I think I have what you need.

What do you intend to do with your car? 15 15 15

Use it to commute. It's for my wife. I want to go on vacation with it. It was a present from my aunt. A convertible. She's an ace. The cheapest possible car. Change the oil.

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15

What gasoline do you want to use? 16 16 16

Super-unleaded. Regular-unleaded. Diesel. The car radio. Between 10,000 and 20,000 dollars. A convertible. A metallic color. She's an ace.

16

How do you like to drive? I tend to keep my foot on the accelerator. I'm pretty careful. I drive as fast as possible. Change the oil. A convertible. A two-year loan. Regular-unleaded. In the coming weeks.

Mystery Phrase [10 exercises] 1

They are used to slow down a vehicle. brakes

2

A liquid measure. gallon

3

To try a car before buying it. test-drive

4

Pedal in a car used to increase speed. accelerator

5

Having no air, as in a tire. flat

6

Car with a folding or removable roof. convertible

7

Measure of distance in the U.S. mile

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8

Having a lot of room. spacious

9

Set on fire, consume fuel. burn

10

Complete. full

Keywords [7 word(s)] to crop up (v.) floorboard in the same boat to intervene (v.) irate to pacify (v.) stakes

Word Pronunciation [7 word(s)] to crop up floorboard in the same boat to intervene irate to pacify stakes

Video and Questions [1 exercises] Although answering the telephone all day can prove very tiresome, it remains a job of considerable importance. This switchboard operator works in the Complaints Department, where she's the main contact with dissatisfied customers. She must first try to calm them down and then assess how serious the situation is. There's no point bothering a manager for a minor problem. Today, the operator has an irate client on the phone, who finally hangs up on her. She informs her superior of what has just happened. He calls the customer back himself to try and find some concrete solutions to a network problem that's been going on for a week. The customer threatens to cancel his orders and, angrier than ever, he hangs up again. This time the problem is serious. Not only must the flaw be repaired, but the customer's confidence must also be regained. The technical support staff will have to intervene rapidly! A special meeting is organized. The technical director explains the situation and lays down the measures to be taken. The source of the error has to be found by the end of the day, and the error repaired by the end of the week. Even if that means working around the clock! The stakes are very high: losing such large orders would cost the company a huge amount. And that's not counting the bad publicity! It turns out to be a faulty cable. All the technicians set out to find it. But it's not that easy because it's under the floorboards. Once the cable's located, the faulty wires still have to be found. Everything will soon be back to normal. In the meantime, a sales representative tries to pacify the customer by telling him that the situation will be sorted out as soon as possible but that a last-minute problem might still crop up.

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Satellites, for example, sometimes break down, causing enormous problems for both user and installer. When this happens, everyone's in the same boat! Sometimes the problems are due to slight mishaps. A cup of coffee spilled near a plug can cause a short circuit! Two days later, the Managing Director receives a telephone call from the customer in question. He's satisfied that everything is working properly. He apologizes for losing his temper so quickly and admits that the technical support staff has done a lot of work. Finally he guarantees that the orders still stand. All's well that ends well!

1

Which is the most appropriate title for this video? 'Handling a Customer Complaint' 'Fixing a Technical Problem' 'Business as Usual' 'The Telecommunications Business'

2

According to the video, when a satellite breaks down... everybody suffers in the same way large clients suffer the most it is time to buy a new one it cannot be repaired

3

What adjective best describes the problem? Urgent Minor Financial Global

4

'Working around the clock' means... working day and night. working different shifts on different days. fixing a problem without looking at the time. fixing a problem without moving any clocks.

5

The relationship between the client and the company in the video can best be described as... generally good. generally poor. impossible. perfect.

6

Who ends up fixing the problem? The technicians The switchboard operator The sales manager The accountant

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7

The technical support must solve the problem quickly in order to... satisfy the customer. get an extra day off. switch off the machines. save on energy costs.

8

In the video, 'It turns out to be' can be replaced by... After checking, the result is... If you turn the machine, you can see... We think it might be... It is probably...

9

Which of the following could be called a mishap? Spilling juice on someone's shirt Hitting someone in the face Putting all one's eggs in one basket Saving money for one's vacation

Buying a Car (21 activity (ies) 02:13:24) Keywords [20 word(s)] accelerator air conditioning automatic to be worn out brake convertible dashboard dealer driver engine four-wheel drive horsepower insurance leasing to park (v.) passenger second-hand to slow down (v.) steering wheel tire

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Dialogue: Explore [1 exercises] 1

You are looking for a car. In what condition? I want a new car. I want a car with one previous owner. I want a secondhand car.

2

That way it won't break down. I think I have what you need. I think I have what you need.

How much are you prepared to pay for this car? Less than $10,000. Between 10,000 and 20,000 dollars. I'm on a tight budget. Not much, I just started working. I can't afford anything expensive.

3

3 3 3 3 3

How do you want to pay? In cash. My bank gave me an overdraft. I haven't thought about it yet. I'll buy it on leasing terms.

4

4 4 4 4

We can offer you a loan.

Is your wife a good driver? Are you kidding? She's worse than I am! She's a great driver. She hasn't had any car accidents yet. She's an ace.

5

2 2 2

5 5 5 5 5

What model do you think she would choose? 6 6 6 6

I'll make the decision. She has simple tastes. The cheapest possible car. It's up to me to choose.

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6

How many passengers usually ride with you? 7 7 7

There are eight of us with my mother-in-law. We only have a big dog. We've got a son and two daughters.

7

What kind of loan do you want? An 18-month loan. A two-year loan. It doesn't matter.

8

Does 16% interest suit you? It's a little expensive but that'll be fine. All right, if it's on a four-year basis. I'm sure I can find something better.

9

8 8 8

9 9 9

It's a deal! It's up to you!

When would you like your car to be ready? Before the end of the month. Within a week. Within three days. In two weeks.

10

10 10 10 10

Would you like some extra features? Air conditioning. An alarm system. Aluminum hubcaps. A metallic color.

11

11 11 11 11

When will you pick it up? 12 12 12 12

Next week. As soon as possible. My wife will come by. In the coming weeks.

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12

Our company has a complimentary gift for you. Which one would you like? The Thermos. The camera. The handheld vacuum. The car radio.

Word Pronunciation [20 word(s)] accelerator air conditioning automatic to be worn out brake convertible dashboard dealer driver engine four-wheel drive horsepower insurance leasing to park passenger second-hand to slow down steering wheel tire

Sentence Pronunciation [46 sentence(s)] I want a new car. I want a car with one previous owner. I want a secondhand car. Less than $10,000. Between 10,000 and 20,000 dollars. I'm on a tight budget. Not much, I just started working. I can't afford anything expensive. In cash. My bank gave me an overdraft. I haven't thought about it yet. I'll buy it on leasing terms. Are you kidding? She's worse than I am! She's a great driver. She hasn't had any car accidents yet. She's an ace. I'll make the decision. She has simple tastes. The cheapest possible car. It's up to me to choose. There are eight of us with my mother-in-law.

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We only have a big dog. We've got a son and two daughters. An 18-month loan. A two-year loan. It doesn't matter. It's a little expensive but that'll be fine. All right, if it's on a four-year basis. I'm sure I can find something better. Before the end of the month. Within a week. Within three days. In two weeks. Air conditioning. An alarm system. Aluminum hubcaps. A metallic color. Next week. As soon as possible. My wife will come by. In the coming weeks. The Thermos. The camera. The handheld vacuum. The car radio.

Picture/Word Association with speech recognition [3 exercises] 1 a driver a teacher a passenger an artist a surfer a manager

2 a passenger a driver a spectator a conductor a mechanic a listener

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3 a hubcap a tire a headlight a rear mirror a trunk a windscreen

Dialogue: Expression [1 exercises] 1

You are looking for a car. In what condition? I want a new car. I want a car with one previous owner. I want a secondhand car.

2

That way it won't break down. I think I have what you need. I think I have what you need.

How much are you prepared to pay for this car? Less than $10,000. Between 10,000 and 20,000 dollars. I'm on a tight budget. Not much, I just started working. I can't afford anything expensive.

3

3 3 3 3 3

How do you want to pay? In cash. My bank gave me an overdraft. I haven't thought about it yet. I'll buy it on leasing terms.

4

2 2 2

4 4 4 4

We can offer you a loan.

Is your wife a good driver? 5 5 5 5 5

Are you kidding? She's worse than I am! She's a great driver. She hasn't had any car accidents yet. She's an ace.

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5

What model do you think she would choose? 6 6 6 6

I'll make the decision. She has simple tastes. The cheapest possible car. It's up to me to choose.

6

How many passengers usually ride with you? 7 7 7

There are eight of us with my mother-in-law. We only have a big dog. We've got a son and two daughters.

7

What kind of loan do you want? 8 8 8

An 18-month loan. A two-year loan. It doesn't matter.

8

Does 16% interest suit you? It's a little expensive but that'll be fine. All right, if it's on a four-year basis. I'm sure I can find something better.

9

9 9 9

It's a deal! It's up to you!

When would you like your car to be ready? Before the end of the month. Within a week. Within three days. In two weeks.

10

10 10 10 10

Would you like some extra features? 11 11 11 11

Air conditioning. An alarm system. Aluminum hubcaps. A metallic color.

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11

When will you pick it up? 12 12 12 12

Next week. As soon as possible. My wife will come by. In the coming weeks.

12

Our company has a complimentary gift for you. Which one would you like? The Thermos. The camera. The handheld vacuum. The car radio.

The Right Word with speech recognition [1 exercises] 1

If it's inexpensive , then it doesn't cost much. costly high-priced extravagant fashionable

Word Association [1 exercises] 1

Match the words from the dialogue with their antonyms on the right. empty small fast costly hesitating

full spacious slow inexpensive sure

Phonetics Exercise [6 phoneme(s)]

B

overall thought daughters

tQ

check much cheapest choose

Q

cash she's station vacation sure conditioning

h

haven't has hand-held her hesitating

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¯

come up accustomed son but month hubcaps color

I

fill inexpensive with kidding accidents decision

Key grammar explanations [3 grammar point(s)] 1

Verb + infinitive clause

2

'Still' - 'Yet'

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3

Compound adjectives

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Grammar Practice [2 exercises] 1

Form compound words as in the example. Example: held in a hand

handheld

lasting two years

two-year

green, like an emerald

emerald green

having four wheels

four-wheel

as cold as ice

ice cold ice-cold

as tired as a dog

dog-tired

having fair skin

fair-skinned

Compound adjectives

2

Form compound words as in the example. Example: held in a hand

handheld

liable to break hearts

heartbreaking

deserved well

well-deserved

as black as jet

jet-black

having a hard head

hardheaded

powerful enough to crush bone

bonecrushing

made at home

homemade

Compound adjectives

Fill-in-the-Blanks [3 exercises] 1

I pay cash . I'm granted an overdraft by my bank . I'll buy it on leasing terms. We can offer you a loan .

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2

How do you want to pay? What model do you think she would choose? Why do you like it so much? When would you like your car to be ready? Which one would you like? Interrogative words

3

'Which' - 'What'

I just picked up the car at the garage. They already rotated the tires and changed the oil. Did you drive it yet? I drove it to work once already. Use of the preterite with 'just,' 'yet' and 'already' Past interrogatives

Questions without interrogative words

Sentence Practice [9 exercises] 1

Reformulate as in the example. Example: The man instructed me, 'Check my brakes.'

The man instructed me to check his brakes.

He asked me, 'Change my rear tires.'

He asked me to change his rear tires.

He told me, 'Use unleaded gas.'

He told me to use unleaded gas.

He ordered me, 'Don't wash the windshield!'

He ordered me not to wash the windshield.

Verb + infinitive clause

2

Reformulate as in the example. Example: The man instructed me, 'Check my brakes.'

The man instructed me to check his brakes.

He asked me, 'Fill it up with gas.'

He asked me to fill it up with gas.

He instructed Frankie, 'Change the oil.'

He instructed Frankie to change the oil.

He told Bob, 'Don't touch the dashboard!'

He told Bob not to touch the dashboard. He told Bob to not touch the dashboard.

Verb + infinitive clause

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3

Reformulate as in the example. Example: The man instructed me, 'Check my brakes.'

The man instructed me to check his brakes.

I told him, 'Be quiet.'

I told him to be quiet.

Frankie shouted at him, 'Calm down!'

Frankie shouted at him to calm down.

Bob yelled at him, 'Leave.'

Bob yelled at him to leave.

Verb + infinitive clause

4

Answer the question as in the example. Example: Is the gas station closed yet? (open)

No, it's still open.

Is your car fixed yet? (in the shop)

No, it's still in the shop. No, it is still in the shop. No, my car's still in the shop. No, my car is still in the shop. No, our car's still in the shop. No, our car is still in the shop.

Is the tank full? (empty)

No, it's still empty. No, it is still empty. No, the tank's still empty. No, the tank is still empty.

Does he have a new car yet? (the old one)

No, he still has the old one.

Adverbs of time

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'Still' - 'Yet'

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5

Answer the question as in the example. Example: Is the gas station closed yet? (open) Is the station wagon in stock yet? (in production)

No, it's still in production. No, it is still in production. No, the station wagon's still in production. No, the station wagon is still in production.

Does it come in red? (only in green)

No, it still only comes in green. No, it still comes only in green. No, it still comes in green only.

Does it have a CD player? (tape deck)

No, it still has a tape deck.

Adverbs of time

6

'Still' - 'Yet'

Answer the question as in the example. Example: Is the gas station closed yet? (open)

No, it's still open.

Is your daughter driving the sports car yet? (the sedan)

No, she's still driving the sedan. No, she is still driving the sedan. No, my daughter's still driving the sedan. No, my daughter is still driving the sedan.

Does she drive the convertible often? (rarely)

No, she still drives it rarely. No, she still drives the convertible rarely.

Is she a good driver yet? (learning)

No, she's still learning. No, she is still learning.

Adverbs of time

7

No, it's still open.

'Still' - 'Yet'

Make the following sentences negative. Example: I have got some gas.

I haven't got any gas.

Did he buy some oil?

Didn't he buy any oil?

Did she get some snacks?

Didn't she get any snacks?

Have you seen a rest stop?

Haven't you seen a rest stop?

'Some' - 'Any'

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8

Make the following sentences negative. Example: I have got some gas. Do you want a new car?

Don't you want a new car?

They will buy some tires.

They won't buy any tires. They will not buy any tires.

You stop for all red lights.

You don't stop for any red lights. You do not stop for any red lights.

Modal auxiliaries

9

I haven't got any gas.

'Some' - 'Any'

Make the following sentences negative. Example: I have got some gas.

I haven't got any gas.

Bill has got a sedan.

Bill hasn't got a sedan.

Frankie has some money.

Frankie doesn't have any money. Frankie does not have any money.

Mildred looked at some used cars.

Mildred didn't look at any used cars. Mildred did not look at any used cars.

'Some' - 'Any'

Dictation [2 exercises] 1

1 2 3 4 5 6

We bought a secondhand convertible last month. It had 20,000 miles on it and had one previous owner. We use it on weekends to drive in the country. I love the bright red color. Our neighbors were so surprised when they saw us drive by in it. Our children are looking forward to driving it when they're old enough. Verbs without a continuous form Transitive and intransitive verbs Relative pronouns and adverbs Placement of 'enough'

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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2

1 2 3 4 5 6

As soon as Tom left university, he bought a new car. He got a loan with 6% interest from his bank. He ordered it with an alarm system and a sunroof. The dealer gave him a complimentary car radio when he went to pick it up. He's already covered a thousand miles in it. But he won't let any of his friends drive it. Construction of the preterite Relative pronouns and adverbs Expressions with the present perfect Negation of the indefinite article

Word Order with speech recognition [7 exercises] 1

buying secondhand products can be financially beneficial buying secondhand products can be financially beneficial

2

my parents installed an alarm my parents installed an alarm system

3

if you'd like to clean the carpet, the if you'd like to clean the carpet, the vacuum is

system in in the house

the

house

vacuum is in the closet.

in the

closet.

Construction of the present conditional

4

what features do you look for what features do you look for in a new

5

Caviar and champagne Caviar and champagne are The notion of means

6

in a new stereo stereo system?

are by no means simple by no means simple tastes

system?

tastes

Singular nouns in '-s'

my great vacation made me have an overdraft at my great vacation made me have an overdraft at the bank

the

bank

'To make sb do sth' - 'To have sth done'

7

what would what would be

be the cheapest way the cheapest way of taking

Construction of the present conditional

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

of taking a a trip overseas?

trip

overseas?

Regular superlatives

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Text Transformation [1 exercises] 1

Put the following text into the negative form. There are some nice cars on sale at the car lot. There is a nice used sedan. I got a loan from my bank to pay for it. Do you have two cars? There are other passengers besides me. I have air conditioning in my old station wagon. There aren't any nice cars on sale at the car lot. There isn't a nice used sedan. I didn't get a loan from my bank to pay for it. Don't you have two cars? There aren't any other passengers besides me. I have no air conditioning in my old station wagon. The negative form

Negation of the indefinite article

Dialogue: Comprehension [1 exercises] 1

You are looking for a car. In what condition? I want a new car. I want a car with one previous owner. I want a secondhand car. I'd like 5 gallons. Yes, a lot. I'll make the decision. I'm sure I can find something better. Are you kidding?

2

That way it won't break down. I think I have what you need. I think I have what you need.

2 2 2

It's up to you!

How much are you prepared to pay for this car? Less than $10,000. Between 10,000 and 20,000 dollars. I'm on a tight budget. Not much, I just started working. I can't afford anything expensive. I'd like 5 gallons. Super-unleaded. I'll make the decision. Less than 6,000 miles. I'd like to test-drive one.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

3 3 3

All right.

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3

How do you want to pay? In cash. My bank gave me an overdraft. I haven't thought about it yet. I'll buy it on leasing terms. Fill her up, please. The car radio. I'd like full service. Super-unleaded. I'm pretty careful.

4

We can offer you a loan.

Is your wife a good driver? Are you kidding? She's worse than I am! She's a great driver. She hasn't had any car accidents yet. She's an ace. Change the rear tires. A metallic color. Emerald green. Use it to commute. Horsepower.

5

4 4 4

5 5 5

Oh, they're flat.

What model do you think she would choose? I'll make the decision. She has simple tastes. The cheapest possible car. It's up to me to choose. I'm sure I can find something better. I tend to keep my foot on the accelerator. Regular-unleaded. Before the end of the month. Horsepower.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

6 6 6 It's up to you!

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6

How many passengers usually ride with you? 7 7 7

There are eight of us with my mother-in-law. We only have a big dog. We've got a son and two daughters. It was a present from my aunt. In cash. Diesel. Emerald green. My bank gave me an overdraft.

7

What kind of loan do you want? 8 8 8

An 18-month loan. A two-year loan. It doesn't matter. My bank gave me an overdraft. Color. Diesel. From time to time. I tend to keep my foot on the accelerator.

8

Does 16% interest suit you? It's a little expensive but that'll be fine. All right, if it's on a four-year basis. I'm sure I can find something better. She hasn't had any car accidents yet. No, that's all. Horsepower. Bright red.

9

9 9 9

It's a deal! It's up to you!

When would you like your car to be ready? Before the end of the month. Within a week. Within three days. In two weeks. I'd like to test-drive one. It's up to me to choose. I want a car with one previous owner. Off-white. Super-unleaded.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

10 10 10

I think I have what you need.

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10

Would you like some extra features? 11 11 11

Air conditioning. An alarm system. Aluminum hubcaps. A metallic color. It's for my wife. I tend to keep my foot on the accelerator. I'd like to test-drive one. Between 10,000 and 20,000 dollars. Less than $10,000.

11

When will you pick it up? Next week. As soon as possible. My wife will come by. In the coming weeks. I want a car with one previous owner. A sports car. A 4-wheel drive. She has simple tastes. Use it to commute.

12

12 12 12 I think I have what you need. You like to drive fast, don't you?

Our company has a complimentary gift for you. Which one would you like? The Thermos. The camera. The handheld vacuum. The car radio. Fill her up, please. No, I don't. From time to time. Overall looks. She hasn't had any car accidents yet.

Mystery Phrase [8 exercises] 1

To become inoperative. break down

2

Money lent. loan

3

To be able to bear the cost. afford

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4

A removable outer metal band on an automobile wheel. hubcap

5

Mother of one's spouse. mother-in-law

6

Joking. kidding

7

Used to contain hot or cold drinks. Thermos

8

Appliance used to remove dust and dirt. vacuum cleaner

Cultural Texts [1 cultural text(s)] 1

The Automobile Industry Ford / General Motors / automobile / Theodore Roosevelt / horse-drawn carriage / kick-started / assembly lines / Detroit

An assembly line From Ford to General Motors, the American automobile industry has a long history! The industry began to grow at the start of the 20th century. In 1900, President Theodore Roosevelt became the first President to ride in a car. However, for security, a horse-drawn carriage followed at all times, and people believed he was extremely brave! Attitudes changed quickly, and Henry Ford kick-started the industry in 1914. He started to mass-produce cars using assembly lines. In 1900, only 4,100 cars were sold across the U.S., but in 1915, almost one million were sold! Ford's 'Model T' became the industrial success story of the era. The industry was focused in Detroit, Michigan, and it was here that the Cadillac Automobile Company was created. This was bought by General Motors, which became a dominant industry force in the 1920s. Although today's automobile industry is very different from that of Theodore Roosevelt's day, Ford and General Motors continue to dominate the market.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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Riddles [3 exercises] 1

Which industry do we associate Ford with? The automobile industry Hints: General Motors is also part of this industry. This industry started to grow at the start of the 20th century. It begins with 'A.' Cultural text: The Automobile Industry (Society and Economy )

2

Who was the first American President to ride in a car? Theodore Roosevelt Hints: A horse-drawn carriage followed for security. People believed he was extremely brave. His first name began with 'T.' Cultural text: The Automobile Industry (Society and Economy )

3

Who kick-started the American Automobile Industry in 1914? Henry Ford Hints: He produced the 'Model T' car. He mass-produced cars using assembly lines. His first name began with 'H.' Cultural text: The Automobile Industry (Society and Economy )

At the Airport (20 activity (ies) 02:31:41) Keywords [18 word(s)] aisle boarding business-class call carry-on check-in to depart (v.) economy-class flight gate luggage

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mistake passport round-trip stopover suitcase terminal ticket

Dialogue: Explore [1 exercises] 1

[Mr. Askey arrives at the airport. He goes to the check-in desk where the flight attendant greets him.] Where are you flying to today, sir? I'm on the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. The four o'clock flight to Frankfurt, please. My ticket is for the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt.

2

2 2 2

Your ticket and passport, please. Is this one way or round trip? 3 3 3

This is a round-trip ticket. I'm flying round trip. It's a round-trip ticket.

3

Would you like an aisle seat or a window seat? A window seat, please. I'd like a window seat. Could I have a window seat, please?

4

I'm afraid you don't, sir. No, it isn't. I'm afraid you don't, sir.

5 5 5

I'm afraid not.

6 6 6

Seat 31C, is that O.K.? I thought I had a business-class ticket. Is that in business class? No, I thought I had a business-class ticket.

5

Of course, sir.

4 4 4

You have an economy-class ticket, sir. It should say, 'business class.' But I must have a business-class seat. Are you sure?

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

I'm sure.

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6

Are you sure this ticket is yours? 7 7 7

Yes, it's mine. The ticket's mine. I'm sure it's mine.

7

Well, you should change your seat to business class. I must have a window seat in business class. O.K., but the airline has to pay the extra cost. Yes, I must have a seat in business class.

8

No problem, sir. It wasn't our mistake. No problem, sir.

8 8 8

Is all this luggage yours? No, those suitcases are hers. This one's not mine, it's his. In fact, that luggage is theirs.

9

9 9 9

Do you have any luggage to check in? There are two suitcases to check in. No, I just have my carry-on bags. I'd like to check in two bags, please.

10

O.K., Mr. Askey. You are departing New York at 4:00 p.m. on flight 918. What time will I arrive? How long is the flight? Are there any stopovers?

11

10 10 10

It's 7 hours and 30 minutes. No, this is a direct flight.

11 11 11

You will arrive in Frankfurt tomorrow morning at 5:30 local time. 12 12 12

O.K., which gate do I leave from? Fine, and when does boarding begin? What time does boarding begin?

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12

Boarding begins at 3:15 at gate E43. How do I get to gate E43? Where is terminal E? Is that easy to find?

13

Yes.

Terminal E is after security. You should hurry, it's a long walk. Thank you very much. That's very kind of you. Great, thanks!

14

13 13 13

Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt.

Sir, you forgot this bag, is it yours? Yes, that's mine, I forgot it. No, that isn't mine. Oh yes, that's mine, thanks.

Have a good flight, sir. Have a good flight, sir. Have a good flight, sir.

Word Pronunciation [18 word(s)] aisle boarding business-class call carry-on check-in to depart economy-class flight gate luggage mistake passport round-trip stopover suitcase terminal ticket

Sentence Pronunciation [42 sentence(s)] I'm on the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. The four o'clock flight to Frankfurt, please. My ticket is for the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. This is a round-trip ticket. I'm flying round trip.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Page 88/123

14 14 14

It's a round-trip ticket. A window seat, please. I'd like a window seat. Could I have a window seat, please? I thought I had a business-class ticket. Is that in business class? No, I thought I had a business-class ticket. It should say, 'business class.' But I must have a business-class seat. Are you sure? Yes, it's mine. The ticket's mine. I'm sure it's mine. I must have a window seat in business class. O.K., but the airline has to pay the extra cost. Yes, I must have a seat in business class. No, those suitcases are hers. This one's not mine, it's his. In fact, that luggage is theirs. There are two suitcases to check in. No, I just have my carry-on bags. I'd like to check in two bags, please. What time will I arrive? How long is the flight? Are there any stopovers? O.K., which gate do I leave from? Fine, and when does boarding begin? What time does boarding begin? How do I get to gate E43? Where is terminal E? Is that easy to find? Thank you very much. That's very kind of you. Great, thanks! Yes, that's mine, I forgot it. No, that isn't mine. Oh yes, that's mine, thanks.

Picture/Word Association with speech recognition [5 exercises] 1 an airport a passport a business-class ticket a carry-on bag a suitcase

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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2 an economy-class ticket a window seat a suitcase a carry-on bag a passport

3 a passport a business-class ticket a suitcase an aisle seat a round-trip ticket

4 a flight a suitcase an airport a ticket a terminal

5 luggage tickets planes economy class gate

Dialogue: Expression [1 exercises] 1

[Mr. Askey arrives at the airport. He goes to the check-in desk where the flight attendant greets him.] Where are you flying to today, sir? I'm on the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. The four o'clock flight to Frankfurt, please. My ticket is for the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

2 2 2

Page 90/123

2

Your ticket and passport, please. Is this one way or round trip? 3 3 3

This is a round-trip ticket. I'm flying round trip. It's a round-trip ticket.

3

Would you like an aisle seat or a window seat? A window seat, please. I'd like a window seat. Could I have a window seat, please?

4

5 5 5

I'm afraid not.

6 6 6

You have an economy-class ticket, sir. It should say, 'business class.' But I must have a business-class seat. Are you sure?

6

I'm afraid you don't, sir. No, it isn't. I'm afraid you don't, sir.

Seat 31C, is that O.K.? I thought I had a business-class ticket. Is that in business class? No, I thought I had a business-class ticket.

5

Of course, sir.

4 4 4

I'm sure.

Are you sure this ticket is yours? 7 7 7

Yes, it's mine. The ticket's mine. I'm sure it's mine.

7

Well, you should change your seat to business class. I must have a window seat in business class. O.K., but the airline has to pay the extra cost. Yes, I must have a seat in business class.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

No problem, sir. It wasn't our mistake. No problem, sir.

8 8 8

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8

Is all this luggage yours? 9 9 9

No, those suitcases are hers. This one's not mine, it's his. In fact, that luggage is theirs.

9

Do you have any luggage to check in? There are two suitcases to check in. No, I just have my carry-on bags. I'd like to check in two bags, please.

10

O.K., Mr. Askey. You are departing New York at 4:00 p.m. on flight 918. What time will I arrive? How long is the flight? Are there any stopovers?

11

10 10 10

It's 7 hours and 30 minutes. No, this is a direct flight.

You will arrive in Frankfurt tomorrow morning at 5:30 local time. O.K., which gate do I leave from? Fine, and when does boarding begin? What time does boarding begin?

12

12 12 12

Boarding begins at 3:15 at gate E43. How do I get to gate E43? Where is terminal E? Is that easy to find?

13

11 11 11

13 13 13

Yes.

Terminal E is after security. You should hurry, it's a long walk. Thank you very much. That's very kind of you. Great, thanks!

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt.

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14 14 14

14

Sir, you forgot this bag, is it yours? Have a good flight, sir. Have a good flight, sir. Have a good flight, sir.

Yes, that's mine, I forgot it. No, that isn't mine. Oh yes, that's mine, thanks.

The Right Word with speech recognition [5 exercises] 1

Welcome to Bond Air. Please give me your ticket and passport. aisle seat stopover airline flight attendant

2

You can take one carry-on bag on board the plane. luggage stopover suitcase window

3

Are you flying one way or round trip? return security aisle seat luggage

4

I thought I had a business-class ticket to Frankfurt. to think paid boarded departed

5

I forgot my suitcase at the check-in desk when I was in New York. to forget thought am should

Word Association [1 exercises] 1

Match the words from the dialogue with their antonyms on the right. one-way trip business class window seat direct flight

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

round trip economy class aisle seat stopover

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Key grammar explanations [2 grammar point(s)] 1

'Must' - 'Have to'

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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2

Possessive pronouns

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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Grammar Practice [6 exercises] 1

Reformulate as in the example. Example: my plane

mine

your flight

yours

their gate

theirs

his airline

his

our seats

ours

her terminal

hers

my suitcase

mine

Possessive pronouns

2

Reformulate as in the example. Example: mine (passport) hers (airline)

her airline

ours (luggage)

our luggage

yours (carry-on bag)

your carry-on bag

theirs (gate)

their gate

his (flight number)

his flight number

mine (ticket)

my ticket

Possessive adjectives

3

my passport

Possessive pronouns

Conjugate as in the example. Example: I must (to check in)

I must check in

he must (to hurry)

he must hurry

we must (to forget)

we must forget

she must (to leave)

she must leave

you must (to pay)

you must pay

they must (to depart)

they must depart

it must (to be)

it must be

'Must' - 'Have to'

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Page 96/123

4

Reformulate as in the example. Example: I must hurry

I have to hurry

he must check in

he has to check in

they must begin

they have to begin

you must fly

you have to fly

she must have

she has to have

it must be

it has to be

we must change

we have to change

'Must' - 'Have to'

5

Give the preterite of the following verbs. Example: to think to forget

forgot

to have

had

to check in

checked in

to hurry

hurried

to change

changed

to arrive

arrived

Irregular verbs

6

thought

'To be' and 'to have': preterite

Construction of the preterite

Give the preterite of the following verbs. Example: we arrive

we arrived

I think

I thought

they check in

they checked in

it is

it was

you pay

you paid

he forgets

he forgot

she departs

she departed

Irregular verbs

Construction of the preterite

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

'To be' and 'to have': preterite

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Sentence Practice [10 exercises] 1

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Those are her suitcases.

Those are hers.

That is his carry-on bag.

That is his. That's his.

This is my business-class ticket.

This is mine.

That is your passport.

That is yours. That's yours.

Possessive pronouns

2

Reformulate as in the example. Example: This is our luggage.

This is ours.

This is their airplane.

This is theirs.

That is her gate.

That is hers. That's hers.

This is our terminal.

This is ours.

Possessive pronouns

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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3

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Is that my suitcase?

No, that isn't mine.

Is that her window seat?

No, that isn't hers. No, that's not hers. No, that is not hers.

Is that their flight?

No, that isn't theirs. No, that's not theirs. No, that is not theirs.

Is that his ticket?

No, that isn't his. No, that's not his. No, that is not his.

Possessive pronouns

4

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Are those your suitcases?

No, those aren't yours.

Are those our carry-on bags?

No, those aren't ours. No, those are not ours.

Are those my business-class tickets?

No, those aren't mine. No, those are not mine.

Are those his economy-class seats?

No, those aren't his. No, those are not his.

Possessive pronouns

5

Conjugate as in the example. Example: You should (to change) your seat to business class.

You should change your seat to business class.

We should (to hurry) to the terminal.

We should hurry to the terminal.

You should (to begin) boarding now.

You should begin boarding now.

I should (to check in) our luggage.

I should check in our luggage.

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Page 99/123

6

Conjugate as in the example. Example: You should (to change) your seat to business class.

You should change your seat to business class.

They should (to have) a window seat for the flight.

They should have a window seat for the flight.

It should (to say) 'business class.'

It should say 'business class.'

She should (to fly) economy class.

She should fly economy class.

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

7

Conjugate as in the example. Example: But I must (to have) a business-class seat for the flight.

But I must have a business-class seat for the flight.

We must (to hurry) to the gate, we're late.

We must hurry to the gate, we're late.

They must (to begin) boarding the plane at 5:15 p. m.

They must begin boarding the plane at 5:15 p.m.

He must (to pay) for the round-trip ticket.

He must pay for the round-trip ticket.

'Must' - 'Have to'

8

Conjugate as in the example. Example: But I must (to have) a business-class seat for the flight.

But I must have a business-class seat for the flight.

The flight attendant must (to check in) the luggage.

The flight attendant must check in the luggage.

I must (to arrive) at 4:00 p.m.

I must arrive at 4:00 p.m.

The passengers must (to start) boarding the plane at gate 45.

The passengers must start boarding the plane at gate 45.

'Must' - 'Have to'

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Page 100/123

9

Reformulate as in the example. Example: The airline (must / has) to pay the extra cost.

The airline has to pay the extra cost.

Passengers (must / have) check in their luggage.

Passengers must check in their luggage.

You (must / have) to buy a one-way ticket in business class.

You have to buy a one-way ticket in business class.

The airplane (must / has) depart from New York at 9:00 p.m. local time.

The airplane must depart from New York at 9:00 p. m. local time.

'Must' - 'Have to'

10

Reformulate as in the example. Example: The airline (must / has) to pay the extra cost.

The airline has to pay the extra cost.

We (must / have) to hurry to the terminal.

We have to hurry to the terminal.

He (must / has) to have an aisle seat.

He has to have an aisle seat.

The plane (must / has) leave now.

The plane must leave now.

'Must' - 'Have to'

Dictation [2 exercises] 1

1 2 3 4 5 6

A flight. A passport. Round-trip. One-way. Economy class. Business class.

2

1 2 3 4 5 6

Luggage. To check in. To depart. A stopover. Thought. Forgot.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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Dialogue: Comprehension [1 exercises] 1

[Mr. Askey arrives at the airport. He goes to the check-in desk where the flight attendant greets him.] Where are you flying to today, sir? I'm on the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. The four o'clock flight to Frankfurt, please. My ticket is for the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. Is that easy to find? No, I'll walk if it's not too far. I haven't passed the museum yet, have I? No, I just have my carry-on bags. I still haven't taken the subway.

2

Yes. It's not too far. Yes, you have already passed the museum. Maybe that's too complicated then.

Your ticket and passport, please. Is this one way or round trip? This is a round-trip ticket. I'm flying round trip. It's a round-trip ticket. It should say, 'business class.' I haven't taken the subway yet. I haven't been there yet. Do I have to cross Central Park? On 74th Street or Park Avenue?

3

2 2 2

3 3 3 I'm afraid not. Maybe that's too complicated then. Yes, that's right.

Would you like an aisle seat or a window seat? A window seat, please. I'd like a window seat. Could I have a window seat, please? I'm not sure how to get there. It's only three blocks away. I have heard of it, but I still haven't been there. O.K., have I left the park yet? No, I just have my carry-on bags.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

4 4 4

Of course, sir. O.K., follow 77th Street into the park. Yes, you should be on 75th Street.

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4

Seat 31C, is that O.K.? I thought I had a business-class ticket. Is that in business class? No, I thought I had a business-class ticket. Is it on the right-hand side of Park Avenue? O.K., have I left the park yet? I'm at West 77th Street and Broadway. Yes, I just turn right when I leave the hotel. It's on the right-hand side of 74th Street?

5

5 5 5

I'm afraid not.

6 6 6

You have an economy-class ticket, sir. It should say, 'business class.' But I must have a business-class seat. Are you sure? I'll walk unless it's too far. Is the post office on the left-hand side of the restaurant? I don't know where that is. No, those suitcases are hers. Should I still follow signs for the museum?

6

I'm afraid you don't, sir. No, it isn't. I'm afraid you don't, sir. Yes, that's right. Yes, you should be on 75th Street. That's a nice area. O.K., follow 77th Street into the park. No, it's actually on Park Avenue.

I'm sure. It's not too far. No, it's on the right-hand side. Don't worry, it's not far. No, you have already passed the museum.

Are you sure this ticket is yours? Yes, it's mine. The ticket's mine. I'm sure it's mine. Yes, I just turn right when I leave the hotel. It's on the right-hand side of 74th Street? Do I have to cross Central Park? Yes, I don't know how to get there. On the corner of 77th Street and Broadway.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

7 7 7 O.K., follow 77th Street into the park. No, it's actually on Park Avenue. Yes, that's right. That's a nice area.

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7

Well, you should change your seat to business class. I must have a window seat in business class. O.K., but the airline has to pay the extra cost. Yes, I must have a seat in business class. I turn right on 77th Street and walk for three blocks. Can you tell me how to get there? I still haven't taken the subway. I'm on the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. I have heard of it, but I still haven't been there.

8

8 8 8

Maybe that's too complicated then.

Is all this luggage yours? No, those suitcases are hers. This one's not mine, it's his. In fact, that luggage is theirs. Is it on the right-hand side of Park Avenue? Is that in business class? I haven't been there yet. Does it matter which direction I go? Should I go left or right?

9

No problem, sir. It wasn't our mistake. No problem, sir. O.K., follow 77th Street into the park.

9 9 9 Yes, that's right. No, it isn't. Go left, it's shorter. Go left, it's shorter.

Do you have any luggage to check in? There are two suitcases to check in. No, I just have my carry-on bags. I'd like to check in two bags, please. Great, see you there! I turn right on 77th Street and walk for three blocks. Which side of the restaurant is the post office on? I haven't taken the subway yet. Have I left the park yet?

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10 10 10 O.K., follow 77th Street into the park. The right-hand side. Maybe that's too complicated then. Yes, you should be on 75th Street.

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10

O.K., Mr. Askey. You are departing New York at 4:00 p.m. on flight 918. What time will I arrive? How long is the flight? Are there any stopovers? Is that on the other side of the park? I haven't passed the museum yet, have I? My hotel is at West 77th Street and Broadway. I'll walk unless it's too far. I'm flying round trip.

11

11 11 11

You will arrive in Frankfurt tomorrow morning at 5:30 local time. O.K., which gate do I leave from? Fine, and when does boarding begin? What time does boarding begin? Yes, I just turn right when I leave the hotel. Can you tell me how to get there? I still haven't taken the subway. I've never taken the subway. Does it matter which direction I go?

12

It's 7 hours and 30 minutes. No, this is a direct flight. Yes, that's right. Yes, you have already passed the museum. That's a nice area. It's not too far.

12 12 12 O.K., follow 77th Street into the park. Maybe that's too complicated then. Maybe that's too complicated then. Go left, it's shorter.

Boarding begins at 3:15 at gate E43. How do I get to gate E43? Where is terminal E? Is that easy to find? Which side of the restaurant is the post office on? It should say, 'business class.' Yes, it's mine. It's only three blocks away. Am I still in the park?

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13 13 13

Yes. The right-hand side. I'm afraid not. O.K., follow 77th Street into the park. No, you should be on 75th Street.

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13

Terminal E is after security. You should hurry, it's a long walk. Thank you very much. That's very kind of you. Great, thanks! Am I still in the park? This one's not mine, it's his. It's on the right-hand side of 74th Street? I thought I had a business-class ticket. Yes, I just turn right when I leave the hotel.

14

Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. No, you should be on 75th Street. No, it's actually on Park Avenue. I'm afraid you don't, sir. O.K., follow 77th Street into the park.

Sir, you forgot this bag, is it yours? Yes, that's mine, I forgot it. No, that isn't mine. Oh yes, that's mine, thanks. Am I still in the park? My ticket is for the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. Could I have a window seat, please? Do I have to cross Central Park? The four o'clock flight to Frankfurt, please.

Have a good flight, sir. Have a good flight, sir. Have a good flight, sir. No, you should be on 75th Street. Of course, sir. Yes, that's right.

Mystery Phrase [4 exercises] 1

A flight without stopovers. direct flight

2

Synonym of 'to leave.' to depart

3

The place where you board an airplane. gate

4

Cheaper than business class. economy class

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14 14 14

Cultural Texts [1 cultural text(s)] 1

Route 66 highway / Route 66 / Chicago / Los Angeles / stretch / concrete / mass relocation / John Steinbeck's / The Grapes of Wrath / motels

America's legendary highway Some people call the highway known as Route 66, the 'Main Street of America.' Built in the 1920s, this highway represents America's hopes and dreams. Connecting Chicago, Illinois, to Los Angeles, California, this 2,400-mile stretch of concrete is an American legend. Its original purpose was to link rural communities, but it eventually provoked mass relocation. This was documented in John Steinbeck's book 'The Grapes of Wrath' in 1939. He referred to Route 66 as 'The Mother Road.' It was called this because hundreds of thousands of people emigrated to California in search of work during the Great Depression. Thanks to the film based on the book and a 1960s TV show named after the highway, Route 66 became a cult obsession. Every year, thousands of people travel the length of Route 66, staying in the many motels along the way, and everyone has a story to tell!

Riddles [3 exercises] 1

Which highway can also be called the 'Main Street of America?' Route 66 Hints: It was built in the 1920s. It represents America's hopes and dreams. It has a number in its name. Cultural text: Route 66 (Geography )

2

What is Route 66? A highway Hints: It links Los Angeles to Chicago. It is 2,400 miles long. It is made of concrete. Cultural text: Route 66 (Geography )

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3

Who referred to Route 66 as 'The Mother Road'? John Steinbeck Hints: He was a writer. He wrote 'The Grapes of Wrath.' His first name was John. Cultural text: Route 66 (Geography )

Sentence Pronunciation [25 sentence(s)] Could I have the weather forecast, please? Do you have this weekend's forecast? Is the weather going to be good? What about the temperature? Hailstorms? Thunderstorms? You mean with strong winds and lightning? Call the weather forecasters! Immediate departure, Gate 10. We are leaving. Are you traveling together? Here's my ID. I'm sorry, I don't understand. I must have a hole in my pocket! Sorry, here's my passport. Pleasure, I'm a tourist. Pleasure, I'm visiting friends. I'm traveling around. I have some bottles of whiskey. Three, I bought them on the plane. I work in finance. That's my next stop. Oh, I don't know. Yes, probably. Yes, everything is in order.

Word Pronunciation [26 word(s)] to welcome impeccable service customer service impolite please how May to help to help out helpful to arrange anything else to declare

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customs customs check immigration duty duty-free duty-free shop sales tax tax to tax to check to choose

Dictation [5 exercises] 1

1 2 3 4 5 6

We arrived at Kennedy Airport in the afternoon. We showed our passports at Immigration. They asked us how long we were staying and where. Then we went to get our luggage. We took a taxi into Manhattan and had a delicious steak dinner in the Village. The city is really incredible! Construction of the preterite

2

1 2 3 4

Use of the preterite

Direct and indirect questions

On Monday I got my ticket at the check-in counter. I was going to Chicago alone. I got caught in terrible traffic. I missed my flight by ten minutes. The prepositions 'in' and 'at'

3

1 2 3 4 5

We're teaching our customer reps to be pleasant. They should always say, 'Good morning.' They must give their names. They should always ask, 'Is there anything else?' They should end with, 'Thank you, have a nice day.' 'Must' - 'Have to'

4

1 2 3 4 5 6

Modal auxiliaries

My parents sent me a huge registered parcel. I had to go down to the post office. They asked me for some ID. I showed them my driver's license. I signed for it and got my package. Then I called my parents to thank them. 'Must' - 'Have to'

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The main postpositions

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5

1 2 3 4

That's much cheaper than we thought! These are bargain prices! You don't often get prices like these! But it's still pretty expensive! Reinforcing the comparative Regular comparatives Similarity: 'like' and 'as' 'Still' - 'Yet'

Demonstratives

Adverbs of time

Video and Questions [1 exercises] Ever since the day when Icarus and his father Dedalus made their wings of wax, man has dreamed of flying. He can swim like a fish, he can run like a cheetah, but without a machine, he cannot fly like a bird. Admittedly he can throw himself into the void, but free falling isn't the same thing as floating in the wind. Without wings, man finds himself deprived of one of the greatest sensations. Flying over mountains and following the thermal currents is indeed only possible in a hang-glider, and it's only in his dreams that man can be an eagle. Some people like to play at being human cannonballs because this number always impresses the crowd. The explosion must have made this man deaf: he can't hear the applause or the people warning him that his net has holes in it! With the invention of the airship at the beginning of the twentieth century, man was able to fly over cities and even overseas. Go left! Right! Straight on! No, turn around! Be careful you don't get airsick! Today, airplanes have reached such perfection that they can take people more or less anywhere, and more or less whenever they want, so long as there's a runway to land on. The number of airports is growing and these days every major city has one. Even in Hong Kong, where space is very limited, there's an airport. The runway is so narrow the pilots must really feel like they're landing on a matchstick! The helicopter is another means of air transportation. It is said that Leonardo da Vinci drew up the first plans for the rotary mechanism. This would perhaps explain the Mona Lisa's enigmatic smile: she must have thought the man painting her portrait was a madman! Flying machines! What a thought! But he who laughs last, laughs best. Da Vinci was right. Thanks to its blades, the helicopter can take off and land vertically. This vehicle is often used in emergencies. Jet planes are the fastest. They can fly so fast they can break the sound barrier. What a deafening noise! Don't bother looking up, it's already far away! A jet's like a sprinter who leaves his shadow behind when pulling away! For more peaceful traveling, with your head in the clouds, there are hot-air balloons. Filled with heated air, they get carried along by the winds. They rise serenely up into the sky and their passengers can admire the landscape that unfolds at their feet. You can also make flying objects at home. For most children, the paper plane is their first contact with aerodynamics. Man has been trying to defy gravity for a long time, and today he has found ways of taking advantage of it. Bungee jumping is an amazing sport with extreme sensations. Is this man the right way up or upside down? It doesn't look like he knows what his exact position is. Maybe he thinks he's turned into a human yo-yo! On Earth, Man has only known how to fly for a century, but maybe others elsewhere have more experience in the field. Who knows?

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1

What is the video about? Man's dream of flying Man's dream of being a fish Man's great ability Birds Man's dream of running like a cheetah

2

The video describes free-falling as... a poor substitute to flying. a thrilling sensation of flying. a representation of what it is like to have wings. a representation of what it feels like to be an eagle. a sensation of floating in the wind.

3

According to the video, why do some people play at being cannonballs? It is a form of entertainment. It is a good method for clearing the ears. It is the best way to get somewhere fast. It is the best way of flying. It is a good means of transport.

4

Which of the following flying machines was invented first? The airship The airplane The helicopter The jet plane The rocket

5

What impression is given of the airplane? It is a highly successful and reliable means of transport. It is a highly unsuccessful and unreliable means of transport. It is a poor means of transport with little potential. It is an overrated means of transport. It is a useless invention.

6

Why are matchsticks mentioned in the video? In order to describe the runway in Hong Kong In Hong Kong, airplanes land on matchsticks. Hong Kong airport is made of matchsticks. Hong Kong is the shape of a matchstick. Because it is possible to make wings out of matchsticks.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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7

Which means of transport is linked to a famous artist? The helicopter The airplane The hang glider The jet plane The hot-air balloon

8

Which of these phrases is not used in the video to describe a flying machine? They run like a cheetah. They rise serenely up into the air. They can take people more or less anywhere. They get carried along by the winds. They take off and land vertically.

9

Which of these statements is untrue? Jet planes can deafen passengers. Jet planes are very fast. Jet planes can break the sound barrier. Jet planes are noisy. Jet planes can go faster than helicopters.

10

How is the hot air balloon portrayed? As a pleasant means of flying As a dangerous means of flying As a stressful means of flying As a noisy means of flying As a boring means of flying

Renting a Car (15 activity (ies) 01:19:46) Keywords [13 word(s)] car charge check credit card to drive (v.) economy garage luxury to pick up (v.) to rent (v.) rental to return (v.) traveler's check

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Dialogue: Explore [1 exercises] 1

Good afternoon, sir. Can I help you? I would like to rent a car, please. Can I rent a luxury car? Yes, I'd like to rent an economy car.

2

2 2 2

O.K. When would you like the car? On Wednesday the 16th of October. Friday the 16th of October. I'd like the car on October 16th.

3

No problem, sir. How long do you need the car for? I'd like the car for 14 days. Just a 14 day rental period. For 2 weeks if possible.

4

3 3 3

No problem. No problem. No problem.

4 4 4

How far will you drive? 5 5 5

We'll drive about 1,000 miles in total, I think. Approximately 70 miles a day. Probably around 300 miles.

5

The rental charge is $40 a day. That makes $560. A rental charge of $560, then? Altogether $560, then.

6

Correct! Correct! Correct!

6 6 6

That's right.

7 7 7

Insurance is an extra five dollars and fifty cents a day. An extra $77 for insurance. Fine, $77 extra, that's O.K. $77 on top, that's a lot!

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I'm afraid so!

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7

When will you pick the car up? 8 8 8

I'll pick it up at 7:30 a.m. At about 1:00 p.m. 3:00 in the afternoon.

8

And when will you return it? At 9 o'clock on the 30th of October. I'll return it at 2 p.m. on the 30th of October. Around noon on October 30th.

9

O.K. O.K. O.K.

9 9 9

How do you spell your name, please, sir? F-O-X. B-A-L-L. L-E-E.

10

10 10 10

How will you pay for your reservation? Can I pay for the reservation by check? I'd like to pay by credit card. Do you accept traveler's checks?

O.K., I'll fax the garage now. O.K., I'll fax the garage now. Sure, I'll fax the garage now.

Word Pronunciation [13 word(s)] car charge check credit card to drive economy garage luxury to pick up to rent rental to return traveler's check

Sentence Pronunciation [30 sentence(s)] I would like to rent a car, please. Can I rent a luxury car? Yes, I'd like to rent an economy car. On Wednesday the 16th of October.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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Friday the 16th of October. I'd like the car on October 16th. I'd like the car for 14 days. Just a 14 day rental period. For 2 weeks if possible. We'll drive about 1,000 miles in total, I think. Approximately 70 miles a day. Probably around 300 miles. That makes $560. A rental charge of $560, then? Altogether $560, then. An extra $77 for insurance. Fine, $77 extra, that's O.K. $77 on top, that's a lot! I'll pick it up at 7:30 a.m. At about 1:00 p.m. 3:00 in the afternoon. At 9 o'clock on the 30th of October. I'll return it at 2 p.m. on the 30th of October. Around noon on October 30th. F-O-X. B-A-L-L. L-E-E. Can I pay for the reservation by check? I'd like to pay by credit card. Do you accept traveler's checks?

Picture/Word Association with speech recognition [1 exercises] 1 a credit card a traveler's check a check a dollar a mile

Dialogue: Expression [1 exercises] 1

Good afternoon, sir. Can I help you? 2 2 2

I would like to rent a car, please. Can I rent a luxury car? Yes, I'd like to rent an economy car.

2

O.K. When would you like the car? 3 3 3

On Wednesday the 16th of October. Friday the 16th of October. I'd like the car on October 16th.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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3

No problem, sir. How long do you need the car for? I'd like the car for 14 days. Just a 14 day rental period. For 2 weeks if possible.

4

No problem. No problem. No problem.

4 4 4

How far will you drive? We'll drive about 1,000 miles in total, I think. Approximately 70 miles a day. Probably around 300 miles.

5

The rental charge is $40 a day. That makes $560. A rental charge of $560, then? Altogether $560, then.

6

Correct! Correct! Correct!

6 6 6

That's right.

7 7 7

Insurance is an extra five dollars and fifty cents a day. An extra $77 for insurance. Fine, $77 extra, that's O.K. $77 on top, that's a lot!

7

5 5 5

I'm afraid so!

When will you pick the car up? 8 8 8

I'll pick it up at 7:30 a.m. At about 1:00 p.m. 3:00 in the afternoon.

8

And when will you return it? At 9 o'clock on the 30th of October. I'll return it at 2 p.m. on the 30th of October. Around noon on October 30th.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

O.K. O.K. O.K.

9 9 9

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9

How do you spell your name, please, sir? 10 10 10

F-O-X. B-A-L-L. L-E-E.

10

How will you pay for your reservation? Can I pay for the reservation by check? I'd like to pay by credit card. Do you accept traveler's checks?

O.K., I'll fax the garage now. O.K., I'll fax the garage now. Sure, I'll fax the garage now.

The Right Word with speech recognition [6 exercises] 1

I would like to rent a car, please. help pay fax

2

I estimate I'll drive about 300 miles. dollars cents drives

3

I'll pick up the car at 7:30 a.m. rent drive spell

4

A rental charge of 560 dollars, then? insurance period economy

5

I'll pick up the car at 7:30 a.m. on in to Prepositions of time

6

I'll return the car on the 30th of October. in at to Prepositions of time

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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Word Association [1 exercises] 1

Match the words from the dialogue with their synonyms on the right. to return to pick up to rent

to give back to collect to hire

Key grammar explanations [1 grammar point(s)] 1

Prepositions of time

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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Grammar Practice [1 exercises] 1

Reformulate as in the example. Example: (on / at) 7:30

at 7:30

(on / at) the 19th of October

on the 19th of October on the nineteenth of October

(on / at) 3:00 in the afternoon

at 3:00 in the afternoon

(on / at) 7:30 a.m.

at 7:30 a.m.

(on / at) the 31st of March

on the 31st of March on the thirty-first of March

(on / at) 1:30 p.m.

at 1:30 p.m.

(on / at) the 14th of December

on the 14th of December on the fourteenth of December

Prepositions of time

Dates

Time

Sentence Practice [2 exercises] 1

Reformulate as in the example. Example: On the 21st of March.

On the twenty-first of March.

On the 16th of October.

On the sixteenth of October.

I'd like the car on the 30th of November.

I'd like the car on the thirtieth of November.

Lunchtime, on the 14th of December.

Lunchtime, on the fourteenth of December.

Dates

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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2

Reformulate as in the example. Example: I'll pick it up at 7:30.

I'll pick it up at seven thirty.

I would like the car at 1:30.

I would like the car at one thirty. I would like the car at half past one. I'd like the car at one thirty. I'd like the car at half past one.

I'll pick it up at 3:00 in the afternoon.

I'll pick it up at three in the afternoon. I'll pick it up at three o'clock in the afternoon. I'll pick it up at three p.m. I will pick it up at three in the afternoon. I will pick it up at three o'clock in the afternoon. I will pick it up at three p.m.

I'll be there at 9:00 on Thursday.

I'll be there at nine on Thursday. I'll be there at nine o'clock on Thursday. I will be there at nine on Thursday. I will be there at nine o'clock on Thursday.

Time

Dictation [3 exercises] 1

1 2 3 4 5 6

To rent. Luxury. Economy. Rental period. To estimate. To drive.

2

1 2 3 4 5 6

300 miles. Rental charge. 77 dollars insurance. To pick up. Traveler's checks. A garage. American money

3

1 2 3 4 5 6

9 o'clock. The 16th of October. 1:30 p.m. $560 $5.50 The 30th of October. Time

Dates

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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Dialogue: Comprehension [1 exercises] 1

Good afternoon, sir. Can I help you? I would like to rent a car, please. Can I rent a luxury car? Yes, I'd like to rent an economy car. Probably around 300 miles. Approximately 70 miles a day. An extra $77 for insurance. Altogether $560, then. Yes, but will it sell?

2

3 3 3 That's a good question!

We sure hope it'll be a success.

No problem, sir. How long do you need the car for? I'd like the car for 14 days. Just a 14 day rental period. For 2 weeks if possible. Great, who suggested that? O.K., why August though? When will we launch the product? Will the camera sell well? I wasn't at the meeting.

4

That's right. Correct! We sure hope it'll be a success.

O.K. When would you like the car? On Wednesday the 16th of October. Friday the 16th of October. I'd like the car on October 16th. F-O-X. Do you think we will finish it on time? When will we launch the product? Do we have plans to advertise in any magazines? Will the camera sell well?

3

2 2 2

No problem. No problem. No problem. It was John's suggestion. It was the CEO's idea.

4 4 4

We sure hope it'll be a success.

How far will you drive? We'll drive about 1,000 miles in total, I think. Approximately 70 miles a day. Probably around 300 miles. B-A-L-L. Great, who suggested that? I would like to rent a car, please. When will we launch the product? Is the launch date in August?

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

5 5 5 It was John's suggestion.

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5

The rental charge is $40 a day. That makes $560. A rental charge of $560, then? Altogether $560, then. Do you think we will finish it on time? On Wednesday the 16th of October. Around noon on October 30th. Is the launch date in August? When will we launch the product?

6

O.K.

That's right. I'm afraid so! It was the CEO's idea. Yes, one of our designers did it. No problem. One of our designers did it.

7 7 7

When will you pick the car up? I'll pick it up at 7:30 a.m. At about 1:00 p.m. 3:00 in the afternoon. Will we advertise in any newspapers? Yes, but will it sell? No, do you think it was useful? Is the launch date in August? I wasn't at the meeting.

8

6 6 6

Insurance is an extra five dollars and fifty cents a day. An extra $77 for insurance. Fine, $77 extra, that's O.K. $77 on top, that's a lot! Who decided on an August launch? Did one of our employees design the camera? For 2 weeks if possible. Do you know who designed the camera? L-E-E.

7

Correct! Correct! Correct! That's a good question!

8 8 8 We sure hope it'll be a success.

And when will you return it? At 9 o'clock on the 30th of October. I'll return it at 2 p.m. on the 30th of October. Around noon on October 30th. No, do you think it was useful? When will we launch the product? Do you know whose idea that was? What will be our advertising strategy? Who decided on an August launch?

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

O.K. O.K. O.K.

9 9 9

It was John's suggestion. It was the CEO's idea.

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9

How do you spell your name, please, sir? F-O-X. B-A-L-L. L-E-E. Probably around 300 miles. O.K., why August though? Did one of our employees design the camera? I'd like the car on October 16th. Friday the 16th of October.

10

10 10 10 It was the CEO's idea. Yes, one of our designers did it.

How will you pay for your reservation? Can I pay for the reservation by check? I'd like to pay by credit card. Do you accept traveler's checks? Will we finish it on time? Just a 14 day rental period. At about 1:00 p.m. Friday the 16th of October. I wasn't at the meeting.

O.K., I'll fax the garage now. O.K., I'll fax the garage now. Sure, I'll fax the garage now. That's a good question! No problem.

Mystery Phrase [2 exercises] 1

American money. dollars

2

Checks for people on vacation. traveler's checks

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

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