advanced unit 3 (b2)

Could I have a window seat, please? Of course, sir. 4. 4 ...... Sorry? 2. Excuse me, I didn't understand. 2. Would you repeat, please? 2. 2. I asked you for your ...
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Total duration: 04:31:25

ADVANCED UNIT 3 (B2)

Activity group(s): 2 Number of exercises: 253

Advanced Unit 3a (23 activity (ies) 02:23:10) Keywords [18 word(s)] aisle boarding business-class call carry-on check-in to depart (v.) economy-class flight gate luggage mistake passport round-trip stopover suitcase terminal ticket

Dialogue: Explore [1 exercises] 1

[Mr. Askey arrives at the airport. He goes to the check-in desk where the flight attendant greets him.] Where are you flying to today, sir? I'm on the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. The four o'clock flight to Frankfurt, please. My ticket is for the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt.

2

2 2 2

Your ticket and passport, please. Is this one way or round trip? 3 3 3

This is a round-trip ticket. I'm flying round trip. It's a round-trip ticket.

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3

Would you like an aisle seat or a window seat? A window seat, please. I'd like a window seat. Could I have a window seat, please?

4

5 5 5

I'm afraid not.

6 6 6

You have an economy-class ticket, sir. It should say, 'business class.' But I must have a business-class seat. Are you sure?

6

I'm afraid you don't, sir. No, it isn't. I'm afraid you don't, sir.

Seat 31C, is that O.K.? I thought I had a business-class ticket. Is that in business class? No, I thought I had a business-class ticket.

5

Of course, sir.

4 4 4

I'm sure.

Are you sure this ticket is yours? Yes, it's mine. The ticket's mine. I'm sure it's mine.

7

Well, you should change your seat to business class. I must have a window seat in business class. O.K., but the airline has to pay the extra cost. Yes, I must have a seat in business class.

8

7 7 7

No problem, sir. It wasn't our mistake. No problem, sir.

8 8 8

Is all this luggage yours? 9 9 9

No, those suitcases are hers. This one's not mine, it's his. In fact, that luggage is theirs.

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9

Do you have any luggage to check in? 10 10 10

There are two suitcases to check in. No, I just have my carry-on bags. I'd like to check in two bags, please.

10

O.K., Mr. Askey. You are departing New York at 4:00 p.m. on flight 918. What time will I arrive? How long is the flight? Are there any stopovers?

11

11 11 11

It's 7 hours and 30 minutes. No, this is a direct flight.

You will arrive in Frankfurt tomorrow morning at 5:30 local time. O.K., which gate do I leave from? Fine, and when does boarding begin? What time does boarding begin?

12

Boarding begins at 3:15 at gate E43. How do I get to gate E43? Where is terminal E? Is that easy to find?

13

13 13 13

Yes.

Terminal E is after security. You should hurry, it's a long walk. Thank you very much. That's very kind of you. Great, thanks!

14

12 12 12

Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt.

Sir, you forgot this bag, is it yours? Yes, that's mine, I forgot it. No, that isn't mine. Oh yes, that's mine, thanks.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Have a good flight, sir. Have a good flight, sir. Have a good flight, sir.

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14 14 14

Sentence Pronunciation [42 sentence(s)] I'm on the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. The four o'clock flight to Frankfurt, please. My ticket is for the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. This is a round-trip ticket. I'm flying round trip. It's a round-trip ticket. A window seat, please. I'd like a window seat. Could I have a window seat, please? I thought I had a business-class ticket. Is that in business class? No, I thought I had a business-class ticket. It should say, 'business class.' But I must have a business-class seat. Are you sure? Yes, it's mine. The ticket's mine. I'm sure it's mine. I must have a window seat in business class. O.K., but the airline has to pay the extra cost. Yes, I must have a seat in business class. No, those suitcases are hers. This one's not mine, it's his. In fact, that luggage is theirs. There are two suitcases to check in. No, I just have my carry-on bags. I'd like to check in two bags, please. What time will I arrive? How long is the flight? Are there any stopovers? O.K., which gate do I leave from? Fine, and when does boarding begin? What time does boarding begin? How do I get to gate E43? Where is terminal E? Is that easy to find? Thank you very much. That's very kind of you. Great, thanks! Yes, that's mine, I forgot it. No, that isn't mine. Oh yes, that's mine, thanks.

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Key grammar explanations [2 grammar point(s)] 1

'Must' - 'Have to'

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2

Possessive pronouns

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Grammar Practice [6 exercises] 1

Reformulate as in the example. Example: my plane

mine

your flight

yours

their gate

theirs

his airline

his

our seats

ours

her terminal

hers

my suitcase

mine

Possessive pronouns

2

Reformulate as in the example. Example: mine (passport) hers (airline)

her airline

ours (luggage)

our luggage

yours (carry-on bag)

your carry-on bag

theirs (gate)

their gate

his (flight number)

his flight number

mine (ticket)

my ticket

Possessive adjectives

3

my passport

Possessive pronouns

Conjugate as in the example. Example: I must (to check in)

I must check in

he must (to hurry)

he must hurry

we must (to forget)

we must forget

she must (to leave)

she must leave

you must (to pay)

you must pay

they must (to depart)

they must depart

it must (to be)

it must be

'Must' - 'Have to'

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4

Reformulate as in the example. Example: I must hurry

I have to hurry

he must check in

he has to check in

they must begin

they have to begin

you must fly

you have to fly

she must have

she has to have

it must be

it has to be

we must change

we have to change

'Must' - 'Have to'

5

Give the preterite of the following verbs. Example: to think to forget

forgot

to have

had

to check in

checked in

to hurry

hurried

to change

changed

to arrive

arrived

Irregular verbs

6

thought

'To be' and 'to have': preterite

Construction of the preterite

Give the preterite of the following verbs. Example: we arrive

we arrived

I think

I thought

they check in

they checked in

it is

it was

you pay

you paid

he forgets

he forgot

she departs

she departed

Irregular verbs

Construction of the preterite

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'To be' and 'to have': preterite

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Picture/Word Association with speech recognition [5 exercises] 1 an airport a passport a business-class ticket a carry-on bag a suitcase

2 an economy-class ticket a window seat a suitcase a carry-on bag a passport

3 a passport a business-class ticket a suitcase an aisle seat a round-trip ticket

4 a flight a suitcase an airport a ticket a terminal

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5 luggage tickets planes economy class gate

Dialogue: Expression [1 exercises] 1

[Mr. Askey arrives at the airport. He goes to the check-in desk where the flight attendant greets him.] Where are you flying to today, sir? I'm on the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. The four o'clock flight to Frankfurt, please. My ticket is for the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt.

2

2 2 2

Your ticket and passport, please. Is this one way or round trip? 3 3 3

This is a round-trip ticket. I'm flying round trip. It's a round-trip ticket.

3

Would you like an aisle seat or a window seat? A window seat, please. I'd like a window seat. Could I have a window seat, please?

4

I'm afraid you don't, sir. No, it isn't. I'm afraid you don't, sir.

5 5 5

I'm afraid not.

6 6 6

Seat 31C, is that O.K.? I thought I had a business-class ticket. Is that in business class? No, I thought I had a business-class ticket.

5

Of course, sir.

4 4 4

You have an economy-class ticket, sir. It should say, 'business class.' But I must have a business-class seat. Are you sure?

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I'm sure.

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6

Are you sure this ticket is yours? 7 7 7

Yes, it's mine. The ticket's mine. I'm sure it's mine.

7

Well, you should change your seat to business class. I must have a window seat in business class. O.K., but the airline has to pay the extra cost. Yes, I must have a seat in business class.

8

No problem, sir. It wasn't our mistake. No problem, sir.

8 8 8

Is all this luggage yours? No, those suitcases are hers. This one's not mine, it's his. In fact, that luggage is theirs.

9

9 9 9

Do you have any luggage to check in? There are two suitcases to check in. No, I just have my carry-on bags. I'd like to check in two bags, please.

10

O.K., Mr. Askey. You are departing New York at 4:00 p.m. on flight 918. What time will I arrive? How long is the flight? Are there any stopovers?

11

10 10 10

It's 7 hours and 30 minutes. No, this is a direct flight.

11 11 11

You will arrive in Frankfurt tomorrow morning at 5:30 local time. 12 12 12

O.K., which gate do I leave from? Fine, and when does boarding begin? What time does boarding begin?

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12

Boarding begins at 3:15 at gate E43. How do I get to gate E43? Where is terminal E? Is that easy to find?

13

Yes.

Terminal E is after security. You should hurry, it's a long walk. Thank you very much. That's very kind of you. Great, thanks!

14

13 13 13

Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt.

Sir, you forgot this bag, is it yours? Yes, that's mine, I forgot it. No, that isn't mine. Oh yes, that's mine, thanks.

Have a good flight, sir. Have a good flight, sir. Have a good flight, sir.

The Right Word with speech recognition [5 exercises] 1

Welcome to Bond Air. Please give me your ticket and passport. aisle seat stopover airline flight attendant

2

You can take one carry-on bag on board the plane. luggage stopover suitcase window

3

Are you flying one way or round trip? return security aisle seat luggage

4

I thought I had a business-class ticket to Frankfurt. to think paid boarded departed

5

I forgot my suitcase at the check-in desk when I was in New York. to forget thought am should

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14 14 14

Word Association [1 exercises] 1

Match the words from the dialogue with their antonyms on the right. one-way trip business class window seat direct flight

round trip economy class aisle seat stopover

Mystery Phrase [4 exercises] 1

A flight without stopovers. direct flight

2

Synonym of 'to leave.' to depart

3

The place where you board an airplane. gate

4

Cheaper than business class. economy class

Sentence Practice [10 exercises] 1

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Those are her suitcases.

Those are hers.

That is his carry-on bag.

That is his. That's his.

This is my business-class ticket.

This is mine.

That is your passport.

That is yours. That's yours.

Possessive pronouns

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2

Reformulate as in the example. Example: This is our luggage.

This is ours.

This is their airplane.

This is theirs.

That is her gate.

That is hers. That's hers.

This is our terminal.

This is ours.

Possessive pronouns

3

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Is that my suitcase?

No, that isn't mine.

Is that her window seat?

No, that isn't hers. No, that's not hers. No, that is not hers.

Is that their flight?

No, that isn't theirs. No, that's not theirs. No, that is not theirs.

Is that his ticket?

No, that isn't his. No, that's not his. No, that is not his.

Possessive pronouns

4

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Are those your suitcases?

No, those aren't yours.

Are those our carry-on bags?

No, those aren't ours. No, those are not ours.

Are those my business-class tickets?

No, those aren't mine. No, those are not mine.

Are those his economy-class seats?

No, those aren't his. No, those are not his.

Possessive pronouns

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5

Conjugate as in the example. Example: You should (to change) your seat to business class.

You should change your seat to business class.

We should (to hurry) to the terminal.

We should hurry to the terminal.

You should (to begin) boarding now.

You should begin boarding now.

I should (to check in) our luggage.

I should check in our luggage.

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

6

Conjugate as in the example. Example: You should (to change) your seat to business class.

You should change your seat to business class.

They should (to have) a window seat for the flight.

They should have a window seat for the flight.

It should (to say) 'business class.'

It should say 'business class.'

She should (to fly) economy class.

She should fly economy class.

'Should' and 'ought to': advice

7

Conjugate as in the example. Example: But I must (to have) a business-class seat for the flight.

But I must have a business-class seat for the flight.

We must (to hurry) to the gate, we're late.

We must hurry to the gate, we're late.

They must (to begin) boarding the plane at 5:15 p. m.

They must begin boarding the plane at 5:15 p.m.

He must (to pay) for the round-trip ticket.

He must pay for the round-trip ticket.

'Must' - 'Have to'

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8

Conjugate as in the example. Example: But I must (to have) a business-class seat for the flight.

But I must have a business-class seat for the flight.

The flight attendant must (to check in) the luggage.

The flight attendant must check in the luggage.

I must (to arrive) at 4:00 p.m.

I must arrive at 4:00 p.m.

The passengers must (to start) boarding the plane at gate 45.

The passengers must start boarding the plane at gate 45.

'Must' - 'Have to'

9

Reformulate as in the example. Example: The airline (must / has) to pay the extra cost.

The airline has to pay the extra cost.

Passengers (must / have) check in their luggage.

Passengers must check in their luggage.

You (must / have) to buy a one-way ticket in business class.

You have to buy a one-way ticket in business class.

The airplane (must / has) depart from New York at 9:00 p.m. local time.

The airplane must depart from New York at 9:00 p. m. local time.

'Must' - 'Have to'

10

Reformulate as in the example. Example: The airline (must / has) to pay the extra cost.

The airline has to pay the extra cost.

We (must / have) to hurry to the terminal.

We have to hurry to the terminal.

He (must / has) to have an aisle seat.

He has to have an aisle seat.

The plane (must / has) leave now.

The plane must leave now.

'Must' - 'Have to'

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Dialogue: Comprehension [1 exercises] 1

[Mr. Askey arrives at the airport. He goes to the check-in desk where the flight attendant greets him.] Where are you flying to today, sir? I'm on the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. The four o'clock flight to Frankfurt, please. My ticket is for the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. Is that easy to find? No, I'll walk if it's not too far. I haven't passed the museum yet, have I? No, I just have my carry-on bags. I still haven't taken the subway.

2

Yes. It's not too far. Yes, you have already passed the museum. Maybe that's too complicated then.

Your ticket and passport, please. Is this one way or round trip? This is a round-trip ticket. I'm flying round trip. It's a round-trip ticket. It should say, 'business class.' I haven't taken the subway yet. I haven't been there yet. Do I have to cross Central Park? On 74th Street or Park Avenue?

3

2 2 2

3 3 3 I'm afraid not. Maybe that's too complicated then. Yes, that's right.

Would you like an aisle seat or a window seat? A window seat, please. I'd like a window seat. Could I have a window seat, please? I'm not sure how to get there. It's only three blocks away. I have heard of it, but I still haven't been there. O.K., have I left the park yet? No, I just have my carry-on bags.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

4 4 4

Of course, sir. O.K., follow 77th Street into the park. Yes, you should be on 75th Street.

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4

Seat 31C, is that O.K.? I thought I had a business-class ticket. Is that in business class? No, I thought I had a business-class ticket. Is it on the right-hand side of Park Avenue? O.K., have I left the park yet? I'm at West 77th Street and Broadway. Yes, I just turn right when I leave the hotel. It's on the right-hand side of 74th Street?

5

5 5 5

I'm afraid not.

6 6 6

You have an economy-class ticket, sir. It should say, 'business class.' But I must have a business-class seat. Are you sure? I'll walk unless it's too far. Is the post office on the left-hand side of the restaurant? I don't know where that is. No, those suitcases are hers. Should I still follow signs for the museum?

6

I'm afraid you don't, sir. No, it isn't. I'm afraid you don't, sir. Yes, that's right. Yes, you should be on 75th Street. That's a nice area. O.K., follow 77th Street into the park. No, it's actually on Park Avenue.

I'm sure. It's not too far. No, it's on the right-hand side. Don't worry, it's not far. No, you have already passed the museum.

Are you sure this ticket is yours? Yes, it's mine. The ticket's mine. I'm sure it's mine. Yes, I just turn right when I leave the hotel. It's on the right-hand side of 74th Street? Do I have to cross Central Park? Yes, I don't know how to get there. On the corner of 77th Street and Broadway.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

7 7 7 O.K., follow 77th Street into the park. No, it's actually on Park Avenue. Yes, that's right. That's a nice area.

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7

Well, you should change your seat to business class. I must have a window seat in business class. O.K., but the airline has to pay the extra cost. Yes, I must have a seat in business class. I turn right on 77th Street and walk for three blocks. Can you tell me how to get there? I still haven't taken the subway. I'm on the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. I have heard of it, but I still haven't been there.

8

8 8 8

Maybe that's too complicated then.

Is all this luggage yours? No, those suitcases are hers. This one's not mine, it's his. In fact, that luggage is theirs. Is it on the right-hand side of Park Avenue? Is that in business class? I haven't been there yet. Does it matter which direction I go? Should I go left or right?

9

No problem, sir. It wasn't our mistake. No problem, sir. O.K., follow 77th Street into the park.

9 9 9 Yes, that's right. No, it isn't. Go left, it's shorter. Go left, it's shorter.

Do you have any luggage to check in? There are two suitcases to check in. No, I just have my carry-on bags. I'd like to check in two bags, please. Great, see you there! I turn right on 77th Street and walk for three blocks. Which side of the restaurant is the post office on? I haven't taken the subway yet. Have I left the park yet?

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10 10 10 O.K., follow 77th Street into the park. The right-hand side. Maybe that's too complicated then. Yes, you should be on 75th Street.

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10

O.K., Mr. Askey. You are departing New York at 4:00 p.m. on flight 918. What time will I arrive? How long is the flight? Are there any stopovers? Is that on the other side of the park? I haven't passed the museum yet, have I? My hotel is at West 77th Street and Broadway. I'll walk unless it's too far. I'm flying round trip.

11

11 11 11

You will arrive in Frankfurt tomorrow morning at 5:30 local time. O.K., which gate do I leave from? Fine, and when does boarding begin? What time does boarding begin? Yes, I just turn right when I leave the hotel. Can you tell me how to get there? I still haven't taken the subway. I've never taken the subway. Does it matter which direction I go?

12

It's 7 hours and 30 minutes. No, this is a direct flight. Yes, that's right. Yes, you have already passed the museum. That's a nice area. It's not too far.

12 12 12 O.K., follow 77th Street into the park. Maybe that's too complicated then. Maybe that's too complicated then. Go left, it's shorter.

Boarding begins at 3:15 at gate E43. How do I get to gate E43? Where is terminal E? Is that easy to find? Which side of the restaurant is the post office on? It should say, 'business class.' Yes, it's mine. It's only three blocks away. Am I still in the park?

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

13 13 13

Yes. The right-hand side. I'm afraid not. O.K., follow 77th Street into the park. No, you should be on 75th Street.

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13

Terminal E is after security. You should hurry, it's a long walk. Thank you very much. That's very kind of you. Great, thanks! Am I still in the park? This one's not mine, it's his. It's on the right-hand side of 74th Street? I thought I had a business-class ticket. Yes, I just turn right when I leave the hotel.

14

Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. Final call for all passengers for flight 918 to Frankfurt. No, you should be on 75th Street. No, it's actually on Park Avenue. I'm afraid you don't, sir. O.K., follow 77th Street into the park.

Sir, you forgot this bag, is it yours? Yes, that's mine, I forgot it. No, that isn't mine. Oh yes, that's mine, thanks. Am I still in the park? My ticket is for the four o'clock flight to Frankfurt. Could I have a window seat, please? Do I have to cross Central Park? The four o'clock flight to Frankfurt, please.

Have a good flight, sir. Have a good flight, sir. Have a good flight, sir. No, you should be on 75th Street. Of course, sir. Yes, that's right.

Keywords [12 word(s)] to declare (v.) district downtown duty-free foreign ID (identification) immigration journey to land (v.) to misunderstand (v.) on business to take off (v.)

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14 14 14

Dialogue: Explore [1 exercises] 1

You have been planning a trip across the USA for a long time. The big day has arrived. Your plane has just landed in New York and your American Dream is finally coming true. You go up to Immigration still in a daze at what is happening. "Passport, please!" Sorry? Excuse me, I didn't understand. Would you repeat, please?

2

I asked you for your passport! Here it is. Here's my ID. I'm sorry, I don't understand. One moment, please.

3

2 2 2

Thank you.

Hurry up, there's a long line.

I said passport! 6 5 6

Here it is. One moment, please. Sorry, here's my passport.

4

Sorry, your ID is of no use. You need a passport to enter the country. But what can I do? Here it is. One moment.

5

I need to see your passport or we can't admit you. Thank you. Hurry up, there's a long line.

5 6 5

Do you have that passport? Here it is. Sorry, here's my passport.

6

6 4 3 6

6 6

Are you here for business or pleasure? 8 8 7

Pleasure, I'm a tourist. Pleasure, I'm visiting friends. Studying.

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7

What do you do for a living? I'm a college student. I'm doing research. I'm writing a thesis.

8

Okay! All right. You should have said so.

8 8 8

Which city are you visiting? New York. Washington. I'm traveling around. Philadelphia.

9

9 9 9 9

How long are you going to stay? 10 10 10

A month. A couple of weeks. About 40 days.

10

Where will you be living? With my friends. With an American family. In a student hostel.

11

Do you have anything to declare? No, nothing. I have $200 on me. I have some bottles of whiskey.

12

11 11 11

Okay, that's fine. 12

How many? Two. Three, I bought them on the plane. Six.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Either you pay duty on the extra ones, or I'll have to confiscate them.

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Sentence Pronunciation [14 sentence(s)] Sorry? Excuse me, I didn't understand. Would you repeat, please? Here's my ID. I'm sorry, I don't understand. Sorry, here's my passport. Pleasure, I'm a tourist. Pleasure, I'm visiting friends. Studying. I'm doing research. I'm traveling around. I have $200 on me. I have some bottles of whiskey. Three, I bought them on the plane.

Word Order with speech recognition [4 exercises] 1

Albany is Albany is the

2

are you going on the trip for business are you going on the trip for business or pleasure?

the capital of the State of New capital of the State of New York

York.

or

pleasure?

Direct and indirect questions

3

The police confiscated the The police confiscated the drugs Construction of the preterite

4

drugs coming in on a coming in on a foreign vessel Use of the preterite

Student hostels are often cheaper than Student hostels are often cheaper than hotels Regular comparatives

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

foreign

vessel

The main postpositions

hotels

when

traveling.

Relative pronouns and adverbs

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Words and Functions [2 exercises] 1

Put the words from the text in the corresponding categories. There is so much to see in the United States that you don't know where to start. How about a trip to one of the sunniest states, California or Florida? The state that is the farthest west is Hawaii. New York City is the city which offers the most diverse cultural entertainment, but if you are a person who prefers natural wonders, visit the Grand Canyon in Arizona, or Yellowstone Park in Wyoming. Superlative adjectives sunniest farthest most diverse Relative pronouns which who that

2

Put the words from the text in the corresponding categories. Have you ever been to Boston? My brother Sam just spent a week there. His teachers organized the trip for Sam and his classmates. They found friendly host families for them. Their hosts took them on tours of many historic attractions. Sam saw the Bunker Hill Monument, Faneuil Hall, Harvard University and the Boston Common. They even took him to the Aquarium. Subject pronouns you They They Possessive determiners His his Their My Object pronouns them him them

Key grammar explanations [1 grammar point(s)] 1

'Everybody' - 'Somebody' - 'Nobody'

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Word Order with speech recognition [3 exercises] 1

international airports have flights from all over the international airports have flights from all over the world.

2

The Statue of Liberty welcomes all immigrants The Statue of Liberty welcomes all immigrants

3

I'm staying for the weekend to I'm staying for the weekend to do some

do some sightseeing.

world.

sightseeing.

'For' - 'Since' - 'Ago'

Cultural Texts [1 cultural text(s)] 1

The Ivy League Ivy League / universities / Caswell Adams / football / ivy / Harvard / Princeton / funding / sports scholarships

Ivy League graduates The Ivy League is a group of eight American universities on the East Coast with extremely high standards. The Ivy League represents prestige and excellence. Some say that going to an Ivy League university guarantees success! When journalist Caswell Adams was sent to watch the Columbia vs. Pennsylvania university football game in 1937, he jokingly referred to 'watching the ivy grow.' He was obviously displeased at being sent to report on a university game! However, the word 'ivy' became quickly associated with the traditional academies of the East. The Ivy League was officially formed in 1945. The original idea was to form a football league for universities such as Harvard and Princeton. Agreements were made so that funding and standards would be the same in all universities. There would be no sports scholarships, and all students would receive the same funding. In 1954, this agreement extended to all sports. Today, rather than sports, the Ivy League has come to signify the social and academic prestige that is associated with some of America's oldest universities.

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Riddles [4 exercises] 1

What is the name of the oldest group of American universities in the northeast? The Ivy League Hints: There are eight universities. This group is known as a 'League.' These universities have extremely high standards. Cultural text: The Ivy League (Traditions )

2

Which reporter famously referred to 'watching the ivy grow' in 1937? Caswell Adams Hints: He was reporting on a football match at the time. He was displeased at being sent to watch university football. His first name begins with 'C.' Cultural text: The Ivy League (Traditions )

3

What sport was the Ivy League originally created for? Football Hints: This sport was played at Princeton university. This sport was played at Harvard university. Caswell Adams reported on this sport in 1937. Cultural text: The Ivy League (Traditions )

4

What makes up the Ivy League? Universities Hints: Princeton is one of these. Harvard is one of these. They begin with 'U.' Cultural text: The Ivy League (Traditions )

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Advanced Unit 3b (19 activity (ies) 02:08:15) Keywords [13 word(s)] airport arrival baggage-claim to book (v.) to catch (v.) crew destination to fly (v.) information desk on strike pilot plane to travel (v.)

Dialogue: Explore [1 exercises] 1

You work at the Information Desk at the airport. "Good morning, where is United Airlines?" The check-in counters are over there. Is it for a departure? What is it for exactly?

2

Thank you.

5 2 3

Yes, my plane is at 11:40 a.m. The check-in counters are over there. Go to Gate 41. Concourse 3, hurry up!

3

5 5 5

I am expecting someone on one of their flights. Airlines do not give out the list of passengers. The check-in counters are over there. Go to Gate 41. Their offices are closed.

4

5 5 5 4

What time do they open? At 9 o'clock. In about 10 minutes. They're on strike today.

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Okay, I'll wait.

5 5 5

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5

A frantic passenger walks up: "I got caught in traffic and just missed my flight." What is your destination? What airline? What is your flight number? Where are you going?

6

New York. United. 370. New York.

6 6 6 6

It is extremely urgent. I have to be there this afternoon. You've got to find me another flight. 7 7 7 7

I'll do my best to get you on the next flight. Please wait a moment. I'm working on it. I'll see what I can do.

7

You are busy trying to find a flight for the passenger. He is becoming more and more upset: "Why is this taking so long?" Don't worry, sir. Be more patient, please. These things take time. I'm doing the best I can.

8

8 9 9 9

It's just that I need to get there as soon as possible! I understand, sir. I think I have something for you. Don't worry, we'll find a way.

9

You finally find a solution for your passenger. We have a flight for you. Here's one! There's a plane in 3 hours. I've got something.

10

9 9 9

At last. Finally! There's nothing earlier?

10 10 11 10

Good! What is it? 13 13

Immediate departure, Gate 10. Go to Gate 41.

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11

You finally have to tell him there is nothing earlier. 13 13 12

No, I'm very sorry. That's all there is today. Next time, give yourself an hour or more to get to the airport. There's no other choice.

12

You're right. I learned my lesson. Goodbye. Thanks for traveling with us! Have a safe flight!

13

13

Thanks for your help. Bye now.

13 13 13

He goes to catch his flight. A young lady looking very lost asks you: "Excuse me, I was supposed to meet some friends at the airport but it is so big and there are so many people... What should I do?" Are you traveling together? Do you know where they're coming from? You could page them.

14

14 15

Yes, we are going to Florence. Go to the airline check-in counter. Go to the meeting point. Go to Gate 41.

15

Yes, from Lisbon. Wait at Gate 41. Go to the arrivals gate. Page them to go to the meeting point.

Sentence Pronunciation [51 sentence(s)] The check-in counters are over there. Is it for a departure? What is it for exactly? The check-in counters are over there. Go to Gate 41. Concourse 3, hurry up! Airlines do not give out the list of passengers. The check-in counters are over there. Go to Gate 41.

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Their offices are closed. At 9 o'clock. In about 10 minutes. They're on strike today. What is your destination? What airline? What is your flight number? Where are you going? I'll do my best to get you on the next flight. Please wait a moment. I'm working on it. I'll see what I can do. Don't worry, sir. Be more patient, please. These things take time. I'm doing the best I can. I understand, sir. I think I have something for you. Don't worry, we'll find a way. We have a flight for you. Here's one! There's a plane in 3 hours. I've got something. Immediate departure, Gate 10. Go to Gate 41. No, I'm very sorry. That's all there is today. Next time, give yourself an hour or more to get to the airport. There's no other choice. Goodbye. Thanks for traveling with us! Have a safe flight! Are you traveling together? Do you know where they're coming from? You could page them. Go to the airline check-in counter. Go to the meeting point. Go to Gate 41. Wait at Gate 41. Go to the arrivals gate. Page them to go to the meeting point.

Key grammar explanations [3 grammar point(s)] 1

'Should' and 'Ought to': probability

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2

Use of 'else'

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3

More uses of the possessive

Grammar Practice [1 exercises] 1

Reformulate as in the example. Example: the flight leaving this morning

this morning's flight

the meeting on Thursday

Thursday's meeting

the program for Wednesday

Wednesday's program

a drive of fifty miles

fifty miles' drive 50 miles' drive

a walk taking four days

four days' walk 4 days' walk

the schedule for next week

next week's schedule

the report given last month

last month's report

More uses of the possessive

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Sentence Practice [6 exercises] 1

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Keith says he went to the airport. The taxi driver says the airport traffic is heavy.

The taxi driver said the airport traffic was heavy.

The skycap thinks there is still time to make your plane.

The skycap thought there was still time to make your plane.

At the check-in counter, they imagine the flight has already left.

At the check-in counter, they imagined the flight had already left.

The sequence of tenses

2

'To be' and 'to have': preterite

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Keith says he went to the airport.

Keith said he had gone to the airport.

Barry tells you there's another flight in an hour.

Barry told you there was another flight in an hour.

Paul hopes the meeting won't start early.

Paul hoped the meeting wouldn't start early.

Becky says she's going to take a train.

Becky said she was going to take a train.

The sequence of tenses

3

Keith said he had gone to the airport.

'To be' and 'to have': preterite

Reformulate as in the example. Example: Keith says he went to the airport.

Keith said he had gone to the airport.

They say they have a flight for us.

They said they had a flight for us.

We think we'll get there on time.

We thought we'd get there on time.

We hear the meeting is canceled.

We heard the meeting was canceled.

The sequence of tenses

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Object pronouns

'To be' and 'to have': preterite

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4

Express the following sentences in a different way. Example: Put me on the next flight. Hold that plane!

You should hold that plane! You should hold that plane.

Help this passenger!

You should help this passenger!

Request a kosher meal for me.

You should request a kosher meal for me.

'Should' and 'Ought to': probability

5

Modal auxiliaries

Demonstratives

Express the following sentences in a different way. Example: Put me on the next flight.

You should put me on the next flight.

Call somebody to help me!

You should call somebody to help me!

Book your return flight now.

You should book your return flight now.

Reserve at the ticket counter.

You should reserve at the ticket counter.

'Should' and 'Ought to': probability

6

You should put me on the next flight.

Modal auxiliaries

Express the following sentences in a different way. Example: Put me on the next flight.

You should put me on the next flight.

Find my luggage right away!

You should find my luggage right away!

Call the complaints office.

You should call the complaints office.

Go to Customer Service.

You should go to Customer Service.

'Should' and 'Ought to': probability

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Modal auxiliaries

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Picture/Word Association with speech recognition [9 exercises] 1 an airport a subway station a bus terminal a parking lot a space center a station

2 a check-in counter a cabin a departure lounge a duty-free store a customs check a line

3 departure dismissal maintenance support elevation participation

4 a plane a skateboard a roller blade an automobile a bicycle a school bus

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5 a gate an outlet a suspension bridge an elevator a landing pad a service station

6 a passenger a driver a butler a gardener a nurse a waiter

7 a destination a passport a meeting point a seat a check-in counter a passenger

8 a flight number a passport number a PIN code a departure time an arrival time

9 travel record drive design hesitate staple

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The Right Word with speech recognition [2 exercises] 1

Hurry up ! We're late and the concert is about to start! Get married Just say no Don't forget to vote Let's party

2

A frantic person is usually frenzied and in a hurry. composed happy insane esoteric well-versed

Word Association [1 exercises] 1

Match the words from the dialogue with their antonyms on the right. departure morning sir destination something meeting

arrival evening ma'am origin nothing separation

Dialogue: Expression [1 exercises] 1

You work at the Information Desk at the airport. "Good morning, where is United Airlines?" The check-in counters are over there. Is it for a departure? What is it for exactly?

2

Thank you.

5 2 3

Yes, my plane is at 11:40 a.m. The check-in counters are over there. Go to Gate 41. Concourse 3, hurry up!

3

5 5 5

I am expecting someone on one of their flights. 5 5 5 4

Airlines do not give out the list of passengers. The check-in counters are over there. Go to Gate 41. Their offices are closed.

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4

What time do they open? At 9 o'clock. In about 10 minutes. They're on strike today.

5

5 5 5

A frantic passenger walks up: "I got caught in traffic and just missed my flight." What is your destination? What airline? What is your flight number? Where are you going?

6

Okay, I'll wait.

New York. United. 370. New York.

6 6 6 6

It is extremely urgent. I have to be there this afternoon. You've got to find me another flight. 7 7 7 7

I'll do my best to get you on the next flight. Please wait a moment. I'm working on it. I'll see what I can do.

7

You are busy trying to find a flight for the passenger. He is becoming more and more upset: "Why is this taking so long?" Don't worry, sir. Be more patient, please. These things take time. I'm doing the best I can.

8

8 9 9 9

It's just that I need to get there as soon as possible! 9 9 9

I understand, sir. I think I have something for you. Don't worry, we'll find a way.

9

You finally find a solution for your passenger. We have a flight for you. Here's one! There's a plane in 3 hours. I've got something.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

At last. Finally! There's nothing earlier?

10 10 11 10

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10

Good! What is it? 13 13

Immediate departure, Gate 10. Go to Gate 41.

11

You finally have to tell him there is nothing earlier. 13 13 12

No, I'm very sorry. That's all there is today. Next time, give yourself an hour or more to get to the airport. There's no other choice.

12

You're right. I learned my lesson. Goodbye. Thanks for traveling with us! Have a safe flight!

13

13

Thanks for your help. Bye now.

13 13 13

He goes to catch his flight. A young lady looking very lost asks you: "Excuse me, I was supposed to meet some friends at the airport but it is so big and there are so many people... What should I do?" 14 15

Are you traveling together? Do you know where they're coming from? You could page them.

14

Yes, we are going to Florence. Go to the airline check-in counter. Go to the meeting point. Go to Gate 41.

15

Yes, from Lisbon. Wait at Gate 41. Go to the arrivals gate. Page them to go to the meeting point.

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Phonetics Exercise [8 phoneme(s)]

aw

counters out about hour how

w

what where wait working one which we won't

aj

airlines strike flight I time goodbye find arrive

eI

day destination wait plane safe gate complaints

¯

number understand something coming luggage somebody just



o'clock patient departure traveling together tomorrow possible reservation

p

up passengers airport point people problem help

k

concourse can take check-in thanks could

Key grammar explanations [2 grammar point(s)] 1

'How long'

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2

'How' + adjective or adverb

Mystery Phrase [9 exercises] 1

A person that travels for pleasure or culture. tourist

2

A means of entrance or exit. gate

3

A work stoppage by a body of workers. strike

4

Traveler. passenger

5

Calling for immediate attention. urgent

6

A site where people come together. meeting point

7

A place which is set for the end of a journey. destination

8

Extremely anxious. frantic

9

To call or announce over a loudspeaker. page

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Dictation [3 exercises] 1

1 2 3 4

On Monday I got my ticket at the check-in counter. I was going to Chicago alone. I got caught in terrible traffic. I missed my flight by ten minutes. The prepositions 'in' and 'at'

2

1 2 3 4

Where are you going? To Madrid, and I'm leaving tomorrow. What time does your flight leave? At noon, but I'm going to be at the airport early. Auxiliaries

3

1 2 3 4

The prepositions 'in' and 'at'

People always get lost at Los Angeles Airport. Some passengers page their friends. Some people wait for their family at the meeting point. I don't worry, I never take the plane! The impersonal structure Active and passive voice

Nouns without singular forms Construction of the passive The prepositions 'in' and 'at' 'Ever' - 'Never'

Text Transformation [1 exercises] 1

Use the form "must" or "have to" wherever possible, paying close attention to the tense of the text. I need to find a flight for this afternoon. First of all, I should find out if there's a plane. Anderson said I need to be there as soon as possible. He said I needn't pay with my own credit card. I should try to find a different airline. I have to look up the departure times. I must find a flight for this afternoon. First of all, I must find out if there's a plane. Anderson said I must be there as soon as possible. He said I mustn't pay with my own credit card. I've got to try to find a different airline. I must look up the departure times. 'Must' - 'Have to'

Modal auxiliaries

Dialogue: Comprehension [1 exercises] 1

You work at the Information Desk at the airport. "Good morning, where is United Airlines?" The check-in counters are over there. Is it for a departure? What is it for exactly?

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

Thank you.

5 2 3

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2

Yes, my plane is at 11:40 a.m. 5 5 5

The check-in counters are over there. Go to Gate 41. Concourse 3, hurry up!

3

I am expecting someone on one of their flights. Airlines do not give out the list of passengers. The check-in counters are over there. Go to Gate 41. Their offices are closed.

4

What time do they open? At 9 o'clock. In about 10 minutes. They're on strike today.

5

Okay, I'll wait.

5 5 5

A frantic passenger walks up: "I got caught in traffic and just missed my flight." What is your destination? What airline? What is your flight number? Where are you going?

6

5 5 5 4

New York. United. 370. New York.

6 6 6 6

It is extremely urgent. I have to be there this afternoon. You've got to find me another flight. 7 7 7 7

I'll do my best to get you on the next flight. Please wait a moment. I'm working on it. I'll see what I can do.

7

You are busy trying to find a flight for the passenger. He is becoming more and more upset: "Why is this taking so long?" 8 9 9 9

Don't worry, sir. Be more patient, please. These things take time. I'm doing the best I can.

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8

It's just that I need to get there as soon as possible! 9 9 9

I understand, sir. I think I have something for you. Don't worry, we'll find a way.

9

You finally find a solution for your passenger. We have a flight for you. Here's one! There's a plane in 3 hours. I've got something.

10

At last. Finally! There's nothing earlier?

10 10 11 10

Good! What is it? 13 13

Immediate departure, Gate 10. Go to Gate 41.

11

You finally have to tell him there is nothing earlier. No, I'm very sorry. That's all there is today. Next time, give yourself an hour or more to get to the airport. There's no other choice.

12

13

You're right. I learned my lesson. Goodbye. Thanks for traveling with us! Have a safe flight!

13

13 13 12

Thanks for your help. Bye now.

13 13 13

He goes to catch his flight. A young lady looking very lost asks you: "Excuse me, I was supposed to meet some friends at the airport but it is so big and there are so many people... What should I do?" Are you traveling together? Do you know where they're coming from? You could page them.

© Copyright 2003-2004 Auralog S.A. All rights reserved

14 15

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14

Yes, we are going to Florence. Go to the airline check-in counter. Go to the meeting point. Go to Gate 41.

15

Yes, from Lisbon. Wait at Gate 41. Go to the arrivals gate. Page them to go to the meeting point.

Video and Questions [1 exercises] Ever since the day when Icarus and his father Dedalus made their wings of wax, man has dreamed of flying. He can swim like a fish, he can run like a cheetah, but without a machine, he cannot fly like a bird. Admittedly he can throw himself into the void, but free falling isn't the same thing as floating in the wind. Without wings, man finds himself deprived of one of the greatest sensations. Flying over mountains and following the thermal currents is indeed only possible in a hang-glider, and it's only in his dreams that man can be an eagle. Some people like to play at being human cannonballs because this number always impresses the crowd. The explosion must have made this man deaf: he can't hear the applause or the people warning him that his net has holes in it! With the invention of the airship at the beginning of the twentieth century, man was able to fly over cities and even overseas. Go left! Right! Straight on! No, turn around! Be careful you don't get airsick! Today, airplanes have reached such perfection that they can take people more or less anywhere, and more or less whenever they want, so long as there's a runway to land on. The number of airports is growing and these days every major city has one. Even in Hong Kong, where space is very limited, there's an airport. The runway is so narrow the pilots must really feel like they're landing on a matchstick! The helicopter is another means of air transportation. It is said that Leonardo da Vinci drew up the first plans for the rotary mechanism. This would perhaps explain the Mona Lisa's enigmatic smile: she must have thought the man painting her portrait was a madman! Flying machines! What a thought! But he who laughs last, laughs best. Da Vinci was right. Thanks to its blades, the helicopter can take off and land vertically. This vehicle is often used in emergencies. Jet planes are the fastest. They can fly so fast they can break the sound barrier. What a deafening noise! Don't bother looking up, it's already far away! A jet's like a sprinter who leaves his shadow behind when pulling away! For more peaceful traveling, with your head in the clouds, there are hot-air balloons. Filled with heated air, they get carried along by the winds. They rise serenely up into the sky and their passengers can admire the landscape that unfolds at their feet. You can also make flying objects at home. For most children, the paper plane is their first contact with aerodynamics. Man has been trying to defy gravity for a long time, and today he has found ways of taking advantage of it. Bungee jumping is an amazing sport with extreme sensations. Is this man the right way up or upside down? It doesn't look like he knows what his exact position is. Maybe he thinks he's turned into a human yo-yo!

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On Earth, Man has only known how to fly for a century, but maybe others elsewhere have more experience in the field. Who knows?

1

What is the video about? Man's dream of flying Man's dream of being a fish Man's great ability Birds Man's dream of running like a cheetah

2

The video describes free-falling as... a poor substitute to flying. a thrilling sensation of flying. a representation of what it is like to have wings. a representation of what it feels like to be an eagle. a sensation of floating in the wind.

3

According to the video, why do some people play at being cannonballs? It is a form of entertainment. It is a good method for clearing the ears. It is the best way to get somewhere fast. It is the best way of flying. It is a good means of transport.

4

Which of the following flying machines was invented first? The airship The airplane The helicopter The jet plane The rocket

5

What impression is given of the airplane? It is a highly successful and reliable means of transport. It is a highly unsuccessful and unreliable means of transport. It is a poor means of transport with little potential. It is an overrated means of transport. It is a useless invention.

6

Why are matchsticks mentioned in the video? In order to describe the runway in Hong Kong In Hong Kong, airplanes land on matchsticks. Hong Kong airport is made of matchsticks. Hong Kong is the shape of a matchstick. Because it is possible to make wings out of matchsticks.

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7

Which means of transport is linked to a famous artist? The helicopter The airplane The hang glider The jet plane The hot-air balloon

8

Which of these phrases is not used in the video to describe a flying machine? They run like a cheetah. They rise serenely up into the air. They can take people more or less anywhere. They get carried along by the winds. They take off and land vertically.

9

Which of these statements is untrue? Jet planes can deafen passengers. Jet planes are very fast. Jet planes can break the sound barrier. Jet planes are noisy. Jet planes can go faster than helicopters.

10

How is the hot air balloon portrayed? As a pleasant means of flying As a dangerous means of flying As a stressful means of flying As a noisy means of flying As a boring means of flying

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Cultural Texts [2 cultural text(s)] 1

Native American Foods Native Americans / farmed / mainstay / tribes / corn on the cob / popcorn / cocoa beans / Aztecs / Mayas / chocolate

Cocoa beans Native Americans first farmed some of the planet's most popular foods thousands of years ago. Two of the most popular Native American foods are corn and potatoes. Early inhabitants of Peru grew white potatoes from which we now make French fries. Corn, the mainstay of most early tribes, was grown in Mexico as early as 5000 B.C.! They used it to make corn cakes, now called tortillas. Nowadays, corn on the cob is an all-time American favorite and popcorn, invented by Mexican Natives, is a modern-day movie-going tradition! Native Americans were also the first to farm tomatoes, squash, pumpkins, beans, tapioca, maple syrup and most importantly, cocoa beans. Just imagine how sad life would be if the Aztecs and Mayas hadn't created the world's most favorite treat, chocolate! Remember, the next time you sit down to eat, that it might be Native American food on your plate!

2

The Three Sisters The Three Sisters / corn / beans / squash / Native American / Iroquois / companion planting / seed / stalk / Three Sister Spirits

Ears of corn The Three Sisters, corn, beans and squash, are an important part of Native American culture. The Three Sisters were first planted together by the Iroquois in 1200 A.D. They created a method of companion planting, digging a hole and putting a seed from each of the three plants into it. This created a beneficial relationship between the plants. As it grew, the bean plant climbed up the corn stalk. The beans took nitrogen from the air and put it into the ground to help the corn and squash grow. The squash, which lay on the ground, collected moisture for the other two plants and helped prevent weeds from growing. The Three Sisters also have spiritual significance. They are considered to be special gifts from the Creator. According to legend, they are protected by the Three Sister Spirits and can never be separated. The Three Sisters continue to be planted, celebrated and eaten together even today.

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