“The eye of the enemy is moving… The end has come.” “Every day

A l'oral, on a le droit d'utiliser la forme contracté (Haven't/ hasn't). A l'écrit il vaut mieux utiliser une forme pleine (Have not/ has not). FORME INTERROGATIVE.
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“The eye of the enemy is moving… The end has come.” “Every day Frodo moves closer to Mordor.” “How do we know Frodo is alive ?” “What does your heart tell you ?” “Come master! Come to Smeagol.” “This is your test. Every path you have trod through wilderness, through war… has led to this road.” “The enemy will never let Aragorn come to the throne of Gondor.” “It is time.” “Give him the sword of the king.” “Become who you were born to be.” “The Precious may be ours !” “He means to murder us !” “Never !” “I’ m not sending him away !” “Come to me.” “The board is set; the pieces are moving.” “He is here !” “Aargh !” “We come to it at last.” “I see in your eyes the same fear that will take the heart of me. A day may come when the courage of men fails, when we forsake our friends and break all bonds of fellowship, but it is not this day.” “Whatever happens, stay with me !” “This day, we fight !” “All you have to decide is what to do with the time that is given to you.” “We shall see the Shire again.” “You gave away your life’s grace. I cannot protect you anymore .” “We cannot achieve victory through strength of arms.” “Not for ourselves, but we can give Frodo a chance.” “No !” http://eolf.univ-fcomte.fr/uploads/ressources/listening/trailers/12_the_return_of_the_king.htm http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dWcVNXNf1ys

Pour faire un bilan au présent d’évènement passé ou pour parler d’évènements passés qui ont une conséquence visible sur le present on utilise le Present Perfect. Il est composé de l’auxiliaire HAVE conjugué au présent et du verbe au Participe Passé. FORMATION DU PARTICIPE PASSEE Verbes irréguliers : 3ème colonne du tableau des verbes irréguliers Verbe réguliers : BV-d -ed

FORME AFFIRMATIVE S + Auxiliaire HAVE conjugué au présent + Participe Passé

+ Ct

Ex: The end has come. Every path you have trodden through. walked

FORME NEGATIVE S + Aux HAVE conjugué au présent + NOT + Participe passé + Ct Ex: The end has not come. Every path you have not trodden through.

walked A l'oral, on a le droit d'utiliser la forme contracté (Haven’t/ hasn’t). A l'écrit il vaut mieux utiliser une forme pleine (Have not/ has not)

FORME INTERROGATIVE (Wh-) + Aux HAVE conjugué au présent + S + Participe passé + Ct + ? Ex:

Has the end come? Yes, it has. No, it hasn't.

Where have you walked? Every path you have trodden through.

walked

Pour les verbes réguliers monosyllabiques ayant pour schéma final C-V-C (consonne – voyelle – consonne), il faut doubler la consonne finale afin de conserver la prononciation originale. Ex: To stop: He has stopped To hop: He has hopped To rim: It has rimmed To clap: They have clapped Pour les verbes réguliers se terminant par un [y] sonore, il faut transformer le [y] en [i] avant d’ajouter –ed. Ex: To study: He has studied To deny: He has denied To rely: He has relied

Il ne peut y avoir qu’une seule marque de temps par phrase simple. ( Have + Participe passé).