Maximal voluntary force and rate of force development in humans

May 29, 2001 - untary isometric force (MVF) and maximal rate of force ... young male volunteers from the track-and-field national ..... and female subjects.
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Eur J Appl Physiol (2001) 85: 345±350 DOI 10.1007/s004210100451

O R I GI N A L A R T IC L E

R. Sahaly á H. Vandewalle á T. Driss á H. Monod

Maximal voluntary force and rate of force development in humans ± importance of instruction

Accepted: 19 March 2001 / Published online: 29 May 2001 Ó Springer-Verlag 2001

Abstract The present investigation has been designed to con®rm the e€ect of instruction (hard-and-fast instruction compared to fast instruction) upon maximal voluntary isometric force (MVF) and maximal rate of force development (MRFD) in muscle groups which di€er with regards to muscle mass and usage. In addition, we took advantage of the force data collected during unilateral and bilateral leg extension, to compare the instruction e€ects on the indices of the bilateral de®cits (BI, the di€erences between the data collected during bilateral extensions and the sum of the data collected during unilateral left and right extensions) with regard to MVF (BIMVF) and MRFD (BIMRFD). Force-time curves were recorded during maximal isometric contractions of the elbow ¯exors, the leg extensors of the take-o€ and lead legs and during bilateral leg extension in 26 healthy young male volunteers from the track-and-®eld national team of Tunisia. In the ®rst protocol, the subjects were instructed to produce MFV as hard-and-fast as possible (instruction I). In the second protocol (instruction II) the subjects were instructed to provide MFRD, that is the most explosive force, by concentrating on the fastest contraction without concern for achieving maximal force. The present study con®rmed the importance of an appropriate instruction for the measurement of MRDF. H. Vandewalle (&) Laboratoire de BiomeÂcanique et de Physiologie, Institut National de Sports et de l'Education Physique, 11 avenue du Tremblay, 75012 Paris, France E-mail: [email protected] Tel.: +33-1-41744518 Fax: +33-1-41744535 R. Sahaly á H. Vandewalle á T. Driss á H. Monod Laboratoire de Physiologie du Travail et du Sport, Faculte de MeÂdecine PitieÂ-SalpeÂtrieÁre, 91 bd de l'HoÃpital, 75013 Paris, France T. Driss Unite de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques des ActiviteÂs Physiques et Sportives, Universite Paris X, 200 avenue de la ReÂpublique, 92001 Nanterre Cedex, France

The MRFD (F=40.8, P