June 2000 No. 142
Best routers for use on router tables
Eight sure ways to cut tenons Jointer tune-up Double doors on cabinets Sunlight and wood Duplicate your spindle turnings Gallery of readers' work u.s. $6.95 Canada $7.95 U.K. £4.25
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M AY/J U N E
Fine Woo dWork ing .'--�
--= ;;;;_ ----� ; _
Departments 6 Contributors 8 Letters 16 Methods of Work Spray-finishing small parts; Honing boards; Jig for chopping dovetails
24 Notes & Comment
Thomas Chippendale School of Furniture; Building for an audience
32 Tools & Materials
Benchtop planer handles wide
stock; Affordable Japanese saws
90 Current Work e A gallery of our
96 Rules of Thumb
Four-squaring with hand tools
100 Questions & Answers Hidden-spline miters; Is hickory
Tuning up a jointer, p.
a furniture wood?
106 Master Class
Resurrect a coffin smoother
121 Finish Line
Tips for coloring wood
On the Cover: Mike Dunbar, contributing editor and a master of hand tools, illustrates a variety of hand-tool techniques while building an 18th-century one drawer lamp stand. See p.
Photo: Michael Pekovich
Routers for router tables, p. 86
Duplicating spindles, p. 68
Jointer Tune-up Table realignment and knife
to a well-fitting joint
using shopmade tools
BY GARY ROGOWSKI
tune upWEB a joiSInTterE: Watch the author ON OUR
BY JEFF JEWITT Music for Your Ears
copies doesn't mean they all have to be exactly alike
BY KIM CARLETON GRAVES
Sevenduplicating rules parts 71 for 72 Where Door Meets Door
With new high-tech earmuffs, you
Minimizing the gap between stiles,
can drown out the drone of
choosing and installing
machines and karaoke while you cut
BY ANATOLE BURKIN
BY STEVE LATTA
One-Drawer Lamp Stand Build this Hepplewhite table and further hone
Double doors on cabinets, p.
Installing 76 and locks bolts, catches 78
Master a Classic Style Innovative techniques
your hand-tool skills
for making five crucial elements
BY MIKE DUNBAR
Duplicate Spindles by Hand Getting good results at turned
Use or avoid its effects
What Woodworkers Need to Know about Light to your advantage
Finding your way
adjustments made easy
BY JOHN WHITE
of French country furniture
BY CHRIS GOCHNOUR Sweetgum: Neglected Wood with an Elusive Identity
Routers for Router Tables
This Dixie star is a master
Choose a fixed-base model
over a plunge router
BY JON ARNO
BY PATRICK WARNER
Tenoning strategies, p. 60
Visit our web site: www.finewoodworking.com
C ontributors For the past couple of years,
("Jointer Tune-up") has been the shop manager for Fine Woodworking magazine.
Vermont after dropping out of engineering
school. He taught himself woodworking
from the pages of Fine Woodworking
and has worked in construction and cabinetmaking. He lives in Newtown, Conn., with his wife, Roxy, an editor at Threads magazine, and their son, John. White is currently writing a book-to be published in spring 2001-on tuning up woodworking machinery.
(Rules of Thumb) grew up in Bernardsville, N.J., and received an MFA in photography from the Rochester Institute of Technology. He now operates Lake Woodworks in Rochester, N.Y., where he makes custom furniture, teaches workshops and publishes a quarterly newsletter. Contributing editor ("One-Drawer Lamp Stand") li fe changed course when he bought his first Windsor chai r at a yard sale in Worcester, Mass. At the time he was a college student, with absolutely no woodworking experience, on his way to a degree in French. He studied the chair, trying to figure out how it was made. Hand tools were the answer, and by the end of his senior year, he had orders for 50 chairs. He is the author of seven books, including two from The Taunton Press: Make and Every year at his school, called The Windsor Institute, he teaches 350 students the craft of making Windsor chairs by hand. Dunbar insists that his wife, Sue, "is the brains behind the operation." He and Sue live in New Hampshire with their son, Michael. Carleton Graves ("Duplicate Spindles by Hand") got his start in woodworking by build ing sets for the Bard College Theater while he was studying physics. For the next 15 years, he worked as a computer programmer but dabbled in woodworking all the while. He took the plunge and switched careers in 1995, launching the Anthony Guidice
Chair with Michael Dunbar
F I N E WOODWO R K I N G
EDITOR ART DIRECTOR MANAGING EDITOR SENIOR EDITORS ASSOCIATE EDITORS SENIOR COPY/PRODUCTION EDITOR ASSOCIATE ART DIRECTOR IMAGING SPECIALIST WEB EDITOR ART ASSISTANT EDITORIAL ASSISTANT CONTRIBUTING EDITORS Timothy D. Schreiner
He grew up in New Jersey but settled in
custom furniture business he now runs at his shop in Brooklyn, N.Y. His designs are influenced by images from architecture, sculpture and the natural world. He's most interested in how furniture can enhance a space for the people who live in it. Graves welcomes e-mail to him at [email protected]
("Tenoning Strategies") has been designing and building furniture for more than 25 years, teaching woodworking for the last 20, and a contributing editor to since 1996. He is currently teaching at his own school, the Northwest Woodworking Studio in Portl a nd, Ore., and is working on an illustrated guide to joinery, a book for The Taunton Press. He still manages to coach the local fourth-grade girl's basketball team. ("Where Door Meets Door") teaches furniture making at the Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology in Lancaster, Pa, The school's program covers both modern cabinetmaking and traditional woodworking. Latta also serves on the executive council of the Society of American Period Furnituremakers, which will sponsor seminars this summer at the college. Latta is looking forward to teachi n g a class on line-and berry inlay. Duri n g the soccer season, he spends time coachi n g his son's team.
William M. Godfrey
Ruth Dobsevage Erika Marks
Chris Baumann Tage Frld,
R. Bruce Hoadley, Christian Becksvoort, Mario Rodriguez, Chris Minick,
METHODS OF WORK INDEXER PUBLISHER MARKETING MANAGER MARKETING ASSISTANT SECRETARY CIRCULATION MANAGER CIRCULATION PLANNER ADVERTISING DIRECTOR ADVERTISING MANAGER NATIONAL ACCOUNTS MANAGERS ACCOUNTS MANAGER ADVERTISING SECRETARY
Gary Rogowski, Mike Dunbar
Harriet Hodges Jon Miller
Karen Lutlen Diana Rablto
Jeanne Todaro Sam Vincent Brian M. Zift
Tom Brancato, Linda Abbett
Jason W. Clark Hilda Fernandes
ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER ASSOCIATE EDITOR
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Think about it. If a Golden Eagle ,. blade lasts to times longer, under tough industrial field conditions, why would anyone cut with anything else?
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READ ER SERVICE NO.
Le t t e r s Wax recipe measurement clarity
Stuart M. Altschuler's article, "A Wax Primet"' #140, pp. 46-51), has all the hallmarks of excellence: clear writing, great illustrations, summary directions. However, there was no discrimination between liquid and dry measure. Three parts turpentine and one part beeswax
might not require the greatest accuracy. And as the article points out: if too thick, add solvent; if too thin, let some solvent evaporate. But more complex mixtures, especially those that add chemicals, do require some precision. Please clarify. -Ken Leitner, Pottstown, Pa. All of the measurements in the article and its accompanying recipes are rough liquid measure, as shown in the photos.
STUART M. ALTSCHULER REPLIES:
Disagrees with Q&A a n swer-In your recent #141, p. 102), Lonnie Bird believes it unnecessary to convert to bearing guides from metal-block guides on a bandsaw. Next to his answer is a picture showing our Iturra Bandroller bearing guides replacing block-style guides, giving the impression that he is directly referring to our product. Bird says one advantage of block guides is tllat they "support tlle blade closer to the work." For some large bearing guides this might be true, but because our small Iturra Bandrollers utilize the same guide holders as tlle block guides, this disadvantage is overcome. One advantage of bearing guides is that you can allow continuous contact with the blade without creating the heat that would result if blocks were adjusted without clearance. Bird also says that the most damaging
Taunton PUBLICATIONS forfel ow enthLlsiasts
heat is generated at the tooth tip. We agree. But he does not acknowledge that additional heat is caused by friction generated by metal block guides. Our tests showed that metal blocks in contact with the blade increased heat to 1 15.9°F, before the blade even touched wood. Bearing guides, as well as ceramic and graphic blocks, all reduce such heat compared with metal blocks. -Louis A. Iturm, Jackson ville, Fla.
Va lues i tegrity-Congratulation on
Fine Woodworking's 25th anniversary. You are unmatched in excellence of edi torial content, photography, layout, pa per, printing, courtesy to your readers-and most important, integrity. The only problem is that I find it difficult to file my copies because I'm always reading and rereading them. Your policy of letting tlle chips fall where they may in product tests has caused disgruntled firms to cancel advertising. But believe me, your readers value your editorial guts. In commemorating your anniversary year, please consider printing a special issue, perhaps highlighting some of the outstanding ideas and authors through -Bruce Burnham, the years. Groton Long Point, Con n.
EDITOR REPLIES: You are in luck. We plan to do just that. Our extra anniversary issue will be sent out later this year.
Don't l ighten up I was browsing through an issue from a few years ago and saw a farewell letter from someone who likes projects lasting only a week end. I understand his perspective, and I am delighted that there are plenty of
woodworking magazines that cater to that need. If not for Fine Woodworking, how ever, there would be no journal for those of us who are interested in period furni ture, higher techniques and projects that require more than a day and a half. What a world it would be if all woodworking magazines addressed the same market. I have tried almost all wood magaZines and have let them all go because they do not cater to my interests. They are toy-, hobby- and weekend oriented. Please do not lighten up. Choice and variety are important for a healtllY woodworking world. -Paul Brinsden, Houston, Texas It was a recipe for a bomb-In his
Finish Line column #141, p. 130), Chris Minick suggested that for an ebonizing stain, "fill a jar about one-third full with any rusted metal you can find . . . add white vinegar ... screw o n tlle cap and let it sit for a week or two." I did tllis a few years ago and ended up with a mess when the bottle exploded
About your safety:
Working wood is inherently danger ous. Using hand or power tools improperly or ignoring standard safe ty practices can lead to permanent injUly or even death. Don't to perform operations you learn about here (or elsewhere) until you're cer tain tlley are safe for you. If sometlung about an operation doesn't feel right, don't do it. Look for anotller way. We want you to enjoy tlle craft, so please keep safety foremost in your mind whenever you're in the shop. - Timothy Schreinel� editor
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ER SERVICE NO. 108
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ER SERVICE NO. 38
HTC PRODUcrS, INC., RO OAK,
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ER SERVICE NO. 127
M AY/JU N E
and sent shards o f glass, bits of metal and vinegar all over my shop. I was not in the shop when the explosion happened, but I heard the noise from several rooms away. I lost some projects in progress, and I could have lost a lot more if I had been in the shop when the bottle exploded. Please alert your readers. Perhaps a hole in the lid would do the trick. -Tom Horst, Roswell, Ga. C H R IS M I N I C K REPLIES:
You are right. Iron
submerged in an acid, even a weak acid like vinegar, will form hydrogen gas as a reaction by-product. Poking a few holes in the jar lid to allow gas to escape would prevent the bottle from shattering if the mixture produced a lot of gas. However, I have made this stain for the past 25 years and have never had excessive pressure build up in the capped jars; I suspect that my habit of using only thoroughly rusted iron, the kind that falls apalt in your hand, is the reason. Thoroughly rusted iron is primarily ferric oxide combined with a small amount of ferrous oxide. Very little
than this. It does just about everything as long as the machine is properly adjusted and the blade is sharp. I rarely have to change to a different blade. -Walter Stanul, Malden, Mass.
elemental iron is present in the rusty mass to react with the vinegar; thus very little hydrogen gas is produced. Disagrees with sawblade recommen dation-In "All About Bandsaw Blades"
FWW #141 correctio ns-The Incra
( # 140, pp. 86-91), Lonnie Bird im plies that there is no universal bandsaw blade. He encourages readers to buy an arsenal of different blades and change them as often as needed. This might very well be true in industrial situations where economics and production demand tllat specialized blades be used for each type of cut. But for most home woodworkers, it makes more sense not to waste time constantly changing blades, but just leave one blade on almost all of the time. In my own shop and at the college shop I've managed for more than 13 years, we use a single blade (�-in. tpi, skip tooth) on all of our 14-in. bandsaws for just about every cut-from resawing 12�-in. logs to making delicate cuts in \-8-in. stock-all with acceptable results. It's hard to imagine a more universal blade
Writing an article
is a reader-written magazine. We welcome proposals, manuscripts, photo graphs and ideas from our readers, amateur or professional . We'll acknowledge all submissions and return those we can't publis h. Send your contributions to P.O. Box 5506, Newtown, CT 06470-5506. Fine Woodworking
LENEAVE QUALI TY-SINCE 1957 8"
NORTHSTATE 15" PlANERS
miter gauge (p. 36) comes Witll the Shop Stop as standard equipment. The 18�-in. dimension in the black-and white drawing of Charles Durfee's trestle table (p. 77) should run from the bottom of the foot to tlle top of the beam mortise, not to the bottom of the beam mortise. The zip code for Cambium Press (p. 28) in Bethel, Conn., is 06801. The toll-free number is (800) 238-7724.
NORTHSTATE CABINET SHOP JOINTER
NORTHSTATE DUST COLUCTORS
WIDE BELT SANDER
-3 4 $295
· 2 hp, 2 b.g: hp, bag: $485
Swivel with the touch of a finger.
Model Same features as the Model 310 plus: • Table extension
AU1t)N,POP.UP TV LIFTS
YOU BUILD THE FURNITURE WE'LL PROVIDE THE AUTOMATION Since the Auton Company has served the design community with quality motorized systems that utilize remote controls and powerful motors. Motorized platform glides smoothly on four racks and o pinions, even swivel at the touch of a button
• • • •
Valencia, 91 380-2320 Fax (661) 295-5638 Internet: htdoes to11www.auton.com
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FOreign Pat. Pend
Made in USA ' Auton
not make fum�..
Model Pa e Powerful 3 hp motor Cast iron construction Magnetic switch 1 year warranty Dust hood Anti-kickback Stand included 2 speeds RAISED PANEL DOOR MACHINES
ER SERVICE NO. 85
FINE WOODWORKI1 G
hp, $425 hp, $795 $1.495
330: 332: 333: 351: 360: 361 : 362: 363:
Sander. Orbital Sander: Orbital Sander. Sander. Sander. Sander. Sander: Sander: Sander 555: Plate Jointer. 630: Router. 690: Router. Pro Sdr
$83175 $164 $213 $118 SZI3 $13Z $135 $138 $143 Kit: $IZ4 NEWI
STRAIGHT-LINE RIP SAWS
WOODMASTER SANDERS: : DRUM
Foor and five Head models Variable speed 2-114" x 6" capacity models 6· x 9' capacity Model 5'xS' capacity Models Designed to make high Quality moulding atthe lowest possible cost
• ** ** ** ** . • *0 * * * * ** • •
• 6" $J95 81� r CAUl 5116: Omnijig: 7116: Omnijig: 7334: Orbital Sander: 7335: Orb. Sander: 7519: Router: 7538: Router: 7539: Router: 7549: VS jigsaw: 9118: Plane 9627: Rec. Saw: 97310: Lam. Trim 9853: Cordless drill: 9352: VS Sander
$293 $IZ1 S135 $248 $248 $278$134 Kit $147 Kit: $198 Kit1163 SI68
B est buV in the industryl Variable speed Platen head Dual motors Heavy cast iron & steel Plate construction 25" Ust $9050 SALE: , 15 hp list $13,3011 SALE: 19700, hp 43" SALE: S13,OOO, 25 hp '5" madel avail.bl. Phase canverter avail.
• • • •
W1WAMS & HUSSEY MOULDER PLANERS
3T $63DO 20
PANEL SAWS & ROUTERS SPEED CUT CALL!
EMGLO '-112 HP compressar
. . .CAU
: I SENCO Pneumatic Nailers. . . . . . Calli ,Prcirg. ... MaJeI ffiIii-SamrrOOeI � ModelCall foc Pnxro PIa1er Model Model 54 6" ModeIIiJ Model 6410" Attisa1 saw Model Model PIa1er Model Em:lsaw ·. CE LTA . Unisaws- tmdeIs lable, Em:lsaw Promo Pricing Drill Press 43-375 Shat:er
NORTHSTATE CABINET SHOP SHAPER
11' jJinter till 111' 72 14" TatJ
• 2 & 3 hP/l ph. 5 hp/3 ph • 2 speed-reversible 2 spindles: 3/4", '·1/4" • lIT, l' allailable • Router collets allail. Cast iron table • Spring hold down & miter gauge • Extra heavy duty · 1 year warr.nty
• • • • • • · •
t5 15" jJinter 44 14'
All Avai Call for 37-B1I1' .bnterw/ stm:I 28-2111 14' 17-D1 1sy,' 10" f'adial 18" Scroll 10"
46""� olIt \