Sourcebook - The United States of America and the World since

Aug 29, 2013 - 1942 (photography and poster).18. 1.13. "Fresh troops from the ...... America", All-Star Comics, April 1943 (cover art). (Source: Levitz, Paul, 75 ...
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Sourcebook - The United States of America and the World since 1918 [CA v5.0] List of documents 1. 1918-45...................................................................................................................5 1.1. Flagg, Montgomery James, "I Want You", c. 1917 (poster)...............................5 1.2. U.S. Army Signal Corps, Pershing's Crusaders, 1918 (movie poster)...............7 1.3. U.S. President Wilson's Fourteen Points, Delivered in Joint Session, January 8, 1918 (Printed in many newspapers of the time).....................................................8 1.4. "A Message to You [Soldier of the United States] from his Majesty King George Vth]", April, 1918 (picture & text).............................................................10 1.5. McCutcheon, John T., "Interrupting the Ceremony [League of Nations]", 1918 (political cartoon)..................................................................................................11 1.6. Kirby, Rollin, "America Looks at Neighbors", New York World-Telegram, 1937 (political cartoon)..................................................................................................12 1.7. Siegel, Jerry, Shuster, Joe, "How Superman would end the war drawn especially for Look", February 27, 1940 (cartoon, two-page story).......................13 1.8. Shepard, Ernest Howard, "U.S. Aid", Punch, June 19, 1940 (english cartoon) 14 1.9. "Wake Up America", 1940 (photography).......................................................14 1.10. Dr. Seuss, "Ho Hum! No Chance of Contagion", 1941 (political cartoon).....15 1.11. "Crisis in the Pacific—on America's Doorstep", San Luis Obispo TelegramTribune, August 20, 1941 (maps)..........................................................................16 1.12. Flagg, Montgomery James, "Help China!", 1942 (photography and poster).18 1.13. "Fresh troops from the 2d U.S. Marine Division during a halt on Guadalcanal, circa November, 1942" (photography)..................................................................18 1.14. Rockwell, Norman, Ours -- to fight for, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1943 (poster)..................................................................................................................20 1.15. Harry, Frank, "The Justice Society fights for a United America", All-Star Comics, April 1943 (cover art)...............................................................................22 1.16. General Dwight D. Eisenhower's Order of the Day, 6/6/1944 (printed in many newspapers of the time)..............................................................................23 1.17. Flagg, Montgomery James, "JAP... You're Next!", 1945 (poster)....................23 1.18. Great American Comics Presents - The Secret Voice, No. 1, "America's No. 1 Secret Weapon Revealed", Peter George Publications, 1945 (cover art)...............25 2. 1945-91.................................................................................................................27 2.1. Hitler Lives!, 1946 (comic strip).....................................................................27 2.2. The Iron Curtain, 1947? (political cartoon).....................................................27 2.3. President Harry Truman's Message to Congress [The Truman Doctrine], March 12, 1947 (printed in many newspapers of the time).............................................28 2.4. Is this tomorrow? America under communism, 1947 (cover art)...................29 2.5. Democratic National Committee, "Remember [Harry Truman] in November", 1947 (political cartoon).........................................................................................30 2.6. Marcus, Edwin, "While the Shadow Lengthens [Mashall plan]", New York, New York Times, March 14 1948 (political cartoon).......................................................32 2.7. The Plot to Steal the World. A Shadow Hovers ower the U.S.A., Work & Unity Group, 1948 (comic strip)......................................................................................33 2.8. Make Mine Freedom, 1948 (animated cartoon)..............................................35 2.9. U.S. President Harry S. Truman, Inaugural Address, January 20, 1949 (printed in many newspapers of the time)..........................................................................35

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2.10. Smith, Dorman, “He’s finally getting the hang of it [Marshall Plan]”, The Phoenix Gazette, 1949 (editorial cartoon).............................................................36 2.11. Cold War Military Alliances (1949-68) (map)................................................37 2.12. How Stalin Hopes We Will Destroy America, Joe Lowe Co., 1951 (cartoon)..37 2.13. Atomic War, No. 2, "Only a strong America can prevent...", December, 1951 (comic cover art)...................................................................................................39 2.14. Battle Cry, No. 1, Stanmor Publications, May 1952 (comic cover about the Korean War)...........................................................................................................42 2.15. Invasion U.S.A., 1952 (movie poster)...........................................................44 2.16. Fougeron, André (1913-1998), [Atlantic Civilization] Civilisation Atlantique, 1953 (painting)......................................................................................................45 2.17. Captain America, No. 78, "Captain American... Commie Smasher [against Electro]", September, 1954 (comic cover)............................................................46 2.18. Monroe, Marylin, Anything Goes [song], South Korea, February, 1954 (photography).......................................................................................................48 2.19. The Red Iceberg, 1960 (comic cover)...........................................................49 2.20. "Superman [and Bizarro]" © DC Comics, Shonen Gahou [Japanese Children Anthology Magazine], 1960 (interior splash image)..............................................50 2.21. John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev, Daily Mail, 29 October 1962 (political cartoon)..................................................................................................51 2.22. Bensch, "Zwei Welten in Berlin [Two Worlds in Berlin: U.S. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy's visit], June 16, 1963 (political cartoon)................................52 2.23. Liebowitz, Jack, National Periodical [Annual] President's Report [about Superman magazine world sales], 1964 (text and photography)..........................53 2.24. "[Vietnam] It's time for reason... not treason!", 1967 (comic.......................56 2.25. Marlette, Doug, "You Peaceniks Burn Me Up!", The Charlotte Observer, 1968? (political cartoon).......................................................................................57 2.26. "Buzz Aldrin on the Moon", Apollo 11, 20 July 1969 (photography).............58 2.27. Anderson, Murphy, "Wonder Woman for President: Peace and Justice in '72", Ms., July, 1972 (cover)...........................................................................................59 2.28. Victims of International communist Emissaries [C.I.A.], Grenada: Rescued from Rape and Slavery, 1983 (comic....................................................................60 3. Since 1991............................................................................................................61 3.1. North Tower Burning, South Tower Collapsed, 9-11 Attack, 2001 (photography).......................................................................................................61 3.2. Auth, Tony, [Saudi Arabia and the U.S.A.], August 29, 2002 (editorial cartoon) ..............................................................................................................................62 3.3. Horsey, David, "The Atlantic Alliance: An Update", The Seattle PostIntelligencer, September 29, 2002 (editorial cartoon)..........................................63 3.4. Anderson, Nick, "Pardon our Progress!! [Iraq]", Courier Journal, June 11, 2004 (editorial cartoon)..................................................................................................64 3.5. Canali, Laura, “How America Wants to Check China’s Expansion,” Heartland: Eurasian Review of Politics, April 2005 (map).......................................................65 3.6. Gardels, Nathan, "Interview of Milton Friedman [November, 2005]", New Perspectives Quarterly, Spring, 2006 (article).......................................................66 3.7. Handelsman, Walt, "National Security Agency [NSA]: We're Tapping...", Newsday, May 21, 2006 (editorial cartoon)...........................................................66 3.8. Strong [U.S. Army Recruiting Video], 2006 (U.S. TV advertising)...................67 3.9. Roach, John, "Young Americans Geographically Illiterate, Survey Suggests", National Geographic News, May 2, 2006 (online article).......................................67 3.10. Jean, James, Fables, No. 44, February 2006 (comic cover art).....................68 3.11. Shadid, Anthony, " 'People woke up, and they were gone' - At one former

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U.S. base [Iraq], quietly departing Americans leave their mark in the mundane detritus of occupation", The Washington Post, December 4, 2009 (article)..........69 3.12. Citizens Against Government Waste (CAGW), Chinese Professor, 2030 Beijing, 2010 (online video advertising)................................................................69 3.13. Keefe, Mike, "Not Sure What Was Accomplished [Iraq]", The Denver Post, August 28, 2010 (editorial cartoon)......................................................................69 3.14. Emdin, Anton, "Rise of [the People Republic of] China", The Spectator [Australia], October, 2010 (cover).........................................................................70 3.15. "The War Chest [1940-2011]", The New York Times, 2011 (chart)...............71 3.16. "House Un-Christian Activities Committee", March 12, 2011 (political cartoon).................................................................................................................72 3.17. Wuerker, M., "All those who think we're involved in too many wars...", Politico, 2012 (political cartoon)............................................................................73 3.18. Nicholson, "US investment in Australia upstages its rival China", August 16, 2012 (editorial cartoon)........................................................................................74 3.19. "The U.S. Iternational Balance of Trade, 2012" (map)..................................74 3.20. Fiore, Mark, Why Do They Hate Us?, September, 2012 (online animated cartoon).................................................................................................................74 3.21. Fiore, Mark, It's Foreign Policy, Stupid!, October, 2012 (online animated cartoon).................................................................................................................75 3.22. Fiore, Mark, Wiretapping Saves, July, 2013 (online animated cartoon)........75 3.23. "America’s secret intelligence budget, in 11 (nay, 13) charts", The Washington Post [Blog], August 29, 2013 (charts)................................................75 3.24. "Americans are tweeting about ‘Syria’ almost as much as ‘twerking’ – sometimes more", The Washington Post [Blog], September, 2013 (map).............75 3.25. "This surprising chart shows which countries own the most U.S. debt", The Washington Post [Blog], October 10, 2013 (chart)................................................75 3.26. Fisher, Max, "A revealing map of how the world views China vs. the U.S.", The Washington Post [Blog], July 22, 2013 (map).................................................76 3.27. McKee, Rick, U.S. Exceptionalism, September 12, 2013 (editorial cartoon).76 3.28. Fisher, Max, "A visual report card for U.S. foreign relations in 2013 (it looks pretty bad)", The Washington Post [Blog], October 25, 2013 (map).....................77 3.29. "Middle East Cheat Sheet in world affairs", August, 2013 (map).................78 3.30. U.S. President Barack H. Obama, Speech to the United Nations on Syria, Iran and War, November, 2013 (video with transcription)............................................78 3.31. Moriyasu, Ken, "China envisions smaller U.S. role in world affairs", Nikkei Asian Review, 2013-11-11.....................................................................................78 4. TO CLASSIFY.........................................................................................................79

Illustration Index Illustration 1: United States Army Signal Corps, Pershing's Crusaders, 1918 (movie poster, col.; 106 x 72 cm.)..........................................................................................6 Illustration 2: Rockwell, Norman (1894-1978) for the United States, Office of War Information, Division of Public Inquiries, Ours -- to fight for: freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, freedom from fear, Washington, D.C. , U.S. Government Printing Office, 1943 (col. ; 102 x 73 cm.) [source]..............................20 Illustration 3: Great American Comics Presents - The Secret Voice, no. 1, Peter George Publications, 1945........................................................................................25 Illustration 4: Cold War Military Alliances (1949-68).................................................36

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1. 1918-45 1.1. Flagg, Montgomery James, "I Want You", c. 1917 (poster)

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(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Unclesamwantyou.jpg)

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1.2. U.S. Army Signal Corps, Pershing's Crusaders, 1918 (movie poster)

Illustration 1: United States Army Signal Corps, Pershing's Crusaders, 1918 (movie poster, col.; 106 x 72 cm.) United States Army Signal Corps, Pershing's Crusaders, .

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1.3. U.S. President Wilson's Fourteen Points, Delivered in Joint Session, January 8, 1918 (Printed in many newspapers of the time) "Gentlemen of the Congress: We entered this war because violations of right had occurred which touched us to the quick and made the life of our own people impossible unless they were corrected and the world secure once for all against their recurrence. What we demand in this war, therefore, is nothing peculiar to ourselves. It is that the world be made fit and safe to live in; and particularly that it be made safe for every peace-loving nation which, like our own, wishes to live its own life, determine its own institutions, be assured of justice and fair dealing by the other peoples of the world as against force and selfish aggression. […] The program of the world's peace, therefore, is our program; and that program, the only possible program, as we see it, is this: I. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view. II. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by international action for the enforcement of international covenants. III. The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. IV. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety. V. A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined. […] VII. Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacuated and restored [...] VIII. All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted […] IX. A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be effected along clearly recognizable lines of nationality. [...] XII. The Turkish portion of the present Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be assured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of autonomous development, and the Dardanelles should be permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all nations under international guarantees.

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XIII. An independent Polish state should be erected which should include the territories inhabited by indisputably Polish populations, which should be assured a free and secure access to the sea [...] XIV. A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike. […] An evident principle runs through the whole program I have outlined. It is the principle of justice to all peoples and nationalities, and their right to live on equal terms of liberty and safety with one another, whether they be strong or weak. Unless this principle be made its foundation no part of the structure of international justice can stand. The people of the United States could act upon no other principle; and to the vindication of this principle they are ready to devote their lives, their honor, and everything they possess. The moral climax of this the culminating and final war for human liberty has come, and they are ready to put their own strength, their own highest purpose, their own integrity and devotion to the test" [source: http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/President_Wilson's_Fourteen_Points]

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1.4. "A Message to You [Soldier of the United States] from his Majesty King George Vth]", April, 1918 (picture & text)

(Source: http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/images/b/ba/King.pdf)

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1.5. McCutcheon, John T., "Interrupting the Ceremony [League of Nations]", 1918 (political cartoon)

(Source: granger.html)

http://fineartamerica.com/featured/1-league-of-nations-cartoon-

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1.6. Kirby, Rollin, "America Looks at Neighbors", New York World-Telegram, 1937 (political cartoon)

(Source: http://themetapicture.com/political-cartoon-from-1932/)

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1.7. Siegel, Jerry, Shuster, Joe, "How Superman would end the war drawn especially for Look", February 27, 1940 (cartoon, two-page story)

(Source: Levitz, Paul, 75 Years of DC Comics..., Taschen, 2010, p. 177)

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1.8. Shepard, Ernest Howard, "U.S. Aid", Punch, June 19, 1940 (english cartoon)

(Source: http://fineartamerica.com/featured/cartoon-us-aid-1940-granger.html)

1.9.

"Wake Up America", 1940 (photography)

http://fineartamerica.com/featured/2-american-artist-and-cartoonist-james-

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everett.html American artist and cartoonist James Montgomery Flagg stands next to his poster for the Wake Up America Committee, in his New York Studio. August 16, 1940.

1.10. Dr. Seuss, "Ho Hum! No Chance of Contagion", 1941 (political cartoon)

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1.11. "Crisis in the Pacific—on America's Doorstep", San Luis Obispo Telegram-Tribune, August 20, 1941 (maps)

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(Source: http://sloblogs.thetribunenews.com/slovault/files/2011/08/1941-08-20-pacific-map.jpg)

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1.12. Flagg, Montgomery (photography and poster)

James,

"Help

China!",

1942

Note: American artist and cartoonist James Montgomery Flagg and actress Loretta Young, beside the poster he created for the United China Relief Campaign. ca. 1942 (Source: http://fineartamerica.com/featured/3-american-artist-and-cartoonist-james-everett.html)

1.13. "Fresh troops from the 2d U.S. Marine Division during a halt on Guadalcanal, circa November, 1942" (photography)

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(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Marines_rest_in_the_field_on_Guadalcanal.jpg)

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1.14. Rockwell, Norman, Ours -- to fight Government Printing Office, 1943 (poster)

for,

U.S.

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Illustration 2: Rockwell, Norman (1894-1978) for the United States, Office of War Information, Division of Public Inquiries, Ours -- to fight for: freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, freedom from fear, Washington, D.C. , U.S. Government Printing Office, 1943 (col. ; 102 x 73 cm.) [source]

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1.15. Harry, Frank, "The Justice Society fights for a United America", All-Star Comics, April 1943 (cover art)

(Source: Levitz, Paul, 75 Years of DC Comics..., Taschen, 2010, p. 170)

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1.16. General Dwight D. Eisenhower's Order of the Day, 6/6/1944 (printed in many newspapers of the time) "Soldiers, Sailors, and Airmen of the Allied Expeditionary Force! You are about to embark upon the Great Crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you. The hope and prayers of liberty-loving people everywhere march with you. In company with our brave Allies and brothers-in-arms on other Fronts, you will bring about the destruction of the German war machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over the oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world. Your task will not be an easy one. Your enemy is will trained, well equipped and battle-hardened. He will fight savagely. But this is the year 1944! Much has happened since the Nazi triumphs of 1940-41. The United Nations have inflicted upon the Germans great defeats, in open battle, man-to-man. Our air offensive has seriously reduced their strength in the air and their capacity to wage war on the ground. Our Home Fronts have given us an overwhelming superiority in weapons and munitions of war, and placed at our disposal great reserves of trained fighting men. The tide has turned! The free men of the world are marching together to Victory! I have full confidence in your courage, devotion to duty and skill in battle. We will accept nothing less than full Victory! Good luck! And let us beseech the blessing of Almighty God upon this great and noble undertaking". (Collection DDE-EPRE: Eisenhower, Dwight D: Papers, Pre-Presidential, 1916-1952; Dwight D. Eisenhower Library; National Archives and Records Administration. http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=75)

1.17. Flagg, Montgomery James, "JAP... You're Next!", 1945 (poster)

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(So urce: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%22Jap...You%27re_Next%5E_We%27ll_Finish_the_Job%22_-_NARA_-_513563.jpg)

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1.18. Great American Comics Presents - The Secret Voice, No. 1, "America's No. 1 Secret Weapon Revealed", Peter George Publications, 1945 (cover art)

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Illustration 3: Great American Comics Presents - The Secret Voice, no. 1, Peter George Publications, 1945 (Source: http://www.esquirecomics.com/resources/collection_images/SecretVoice1.jpg)

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2. 1945-91 2.1.

Hitler Lives!, 1946 (comic strip)

http://fr.scribd.com/doc/99258136/PICTURE-NEWS-Number-8-Comic-Book-1946 p. 42-46

2.2.

The Iron Curtain, 1947? (political cartoon)

(source: http://worldhistoryprojectbs.wikispaces.com/file/view/iron-curtaincartoon.jpg/339205938/iron-curtain-cartoon.jpg)

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2.3. President Harry Truman's Message to Congress [The Truman Doctrine], March 12, 1947 (printed in many newspapers of the time) (Source: http://slantchev.ucsd.edu/courses/nss/documents/truman-doctrine.html)

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2.4. Is this tomorrow? America under communism, 1947 (cover art)

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2.5. Democratic National Committee, "Remember [Harry Truman] in November", 1947 (political cartoon)

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(source: http://iaspace.pbworks.com/f/Harry truman positive cartoon.jpg)

2.6. Marcus, Edwin, "While the Shadow Lengthens [Mashall plan]", New York, New York Times, March 14 1948 (political cartoon)

[Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division: src]

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2.7. The Plot to Steal the World. A Shadow Hovers ower the U.S.A., Work & Unity Group, 1948 (comic strip)

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(Source: http://www.esquirecomics.com/resources/collection_images/Theplottostealtheworld.jpg)

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2.8.

Make Mine Freedom, 1948 (animated cartoon) Make Mine Freedom, 1948 (U.S. cartoon about their democracy, way of life

and the communist threat, 10 min.; 78 MO)

2.9. U.S. President Harry S. Truman, Inaugural Address, January 20, 1949 (printed in many newspapers of the time) "The peoples of the earth face the future with grave uncertainty, composed almost equally of great hopes and great fears. In this time of doubt, they look to the United States as never before for good will, strength, and wise leadership [...]. The American people desire, and are determined to work for, a world in which all nations and all peoples are free to govern themselves as they see fit, and to achieve a decent and satisfying life […] In the pursuit of these aims, the United States and other like-minded nations find themselves directly opposed by a regime with contrary aims and a totally different concept of life […] Communism is based on the belief that man is so weak and inadequate that he is unable to govern himself, and therefore requires the rule of strong masters. [...] We have constantly and vigorously supported the United Nations and related agencies […] Almost a year ago, in company with 16 free nations of Europe, we launched the greatest cooperative economic program in history. The purpose of that unprecedented effort is to invigorate and strengthen democracy in Europe [...] We are now working out with a number of countries a joint agreement designed to strengthen the security of the North Atlantic area […] Events have brought our American democracy to new influence and new responsibilities […] With God's help, the future of mankind will be assured in a world of justice, harmony, and peace." (http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres53.html)

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2.10. Smith, Dorman, “He’s finally getting the hang of it [Marshall Plan]”, The Phoenix Gazette, 1949 (editorial cartoon)

(Source: http://www.mconway.net/page20/files/112388d580fd722fe1aaf896c3d42e45-1.html)

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2.11.

Cold War Military Alliances (1949-68) (map)

Illustration 4: Cold War Military Alliances (1949-68)

(Sourc

e: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/02/Cold_war_europe_military_alliances_map_en.png)

2.12. How Stalin Hopes We Will Destroy America, Joe Lowe Co., 1951 (cartoon)

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(Source: http://www.esquirecomics.com/resources/collection_images/Stalin.jpg ; http://fr.scribd.com/doc/63488677/Propaganda-comic-How-Stalin-hopes-we-will-destroy-America)

another

copy:

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2.13. Atomic War, No. 2, "Only a strong America can prevent...", December, 1951 (comic cover art)

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(Source: http://www.authentichistory.com/1950s/atomiccomics/comic_1951_atomic_war_2_co ver.html)

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2.14. Battle Cry, No. 1, Stanmor Publications, May 1952 (comic cover about the Korean War)

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(Source: http://www.esquirecomics.com/resources/collection_images/Battlecry1.jpg)

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• •

Commies: Communists G.I.: is a noun used to describe the soldiers of the U.S. Army, airmen of the U.S. Army Air Forces, etc.

2.15.

Invasion U.S.A., 1952 (movie poster)

(Source: